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Found 49 results

  1. Hello guys, Inch here~ ( ´ ▽ ` )/ It's been awhile no seeing around. Good thing now i 've got time to do some random blogging here related to military, in real-life nor in-game. Today, we will be talking about how HK M27 Infantry Automatic Rifle exist and adopted in the US Marine Corps, why the US Army doesn't want M27 IAR adopted to their section, and what their possible plans on making their own gun, replacing the M249 in service? As far as few people know, the M27 Infantry Automatic Rifle (IAR) is a lightweight, magazine-fed 5.56mm, select-fire weapon based on the HK416 rifle designed and manufactured by the German company Heckler & Koch. It is used by the United States Marine Corps and is intended to enhance an automatic rifleman's maneuverability. The U.S. Marine Corps initially planned to purchase 6,500 M27s to replace a portion of the M249 light machine guns employed by automatic riflemen within Infantry and Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalions. Approximately 8,000–10,000 M249s will remain in service with the Marine Corps to be used at the discretion of company commanders. The United States Army does not plan to purchase the IAR. In December 2017, the Marine Corps revealed a decision to equip every Marine in an infantry squad with the M27. The Short History: In 1985, the U.S. Marine Corps adopted the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW), one year after the U.S. Army. Procurement of this 22 lb (10.0 kg) loaded weight Light machine gun was a service-level decision because the weapon was adopted by the Army with a contract method the Marines could use. While the belt-fed M249 was portable and had a high volume of fire, its relatively heavy weight meant gunners could have trouble keeping up with riflemen. The M249 light machine gun provides infantry squads with the high rate of fire of a machine gun combined with accuracy and portability approaching that of a rifle. It can be fed from both linked ammunition and STANAG magazines, like those used in the M16 and M4. M249's have seen action in every major conflict involving the United States since the U.S. invasion of Panama in 1989. The Infantry Automatic Rifle program for Marine Corps, the tests and fielding: In 1999, a Universal Need Statement was issued for an Infantry Automatic Rifle (IAR). Around 2000, the 1st Marine Division’s 2nd Battalion, 7th Marines Regiment conducted initial, limited IAR trials which confirmed the desirability of a light automatic rifle. The key difference between a lighter infantry rifle and a more heavily built automatic rifle is the ability of the latter to maintain sustained continuous fire without stoppages, overheating the barrel or receiver and losing accuracy. Experiences in Iraq and Afghanistan resulted in formal requests for recommendations. The Universal Need Statement spent six years going through the procurement process before an official program was begun and a list of required capabilities was created in early 2005. The Infantry Automatic Rifle program began on 14 July 2005, when the Marine Corps sent Requests For Information to arms manufacturers. Characteristics desired in the weapon included: portability and maneuverability; similarity in appearance to other rifles in the squad, reducing the likelihood that the gunner will receive special attention from the enemy; facilitation of the gunner's participation in counter-insurgency operations and capability of maintaining a high volume of fire. An initial requirement for a magazine with a minimum capacity of 100 rounds was dropped in favor of the 30-round STANAG magazine because, at the start of testing, available 100-round magazines were unreliable. Caliber was specified as 5.56×45mm with non-linked ammunition, so as to achieve commonality with existing service rifles. In 2006, contracts were issued to several manufacturers for sample weapons. These are: 1. Fabrique Nationale d'Herstal submitted an IAR variant of the FN SCAR (or as far as i know, the FN HAMR) 2. Heckler & Koch (H&K) submitted an HK416 variant (obviously M27 IAR) 3. Colt Defense submitted two designs (One of them are Colt IAR series) Companies that attempted to compete but were not accepted as finalists for testing included: 1. Land Warfare Resources Corporation (LWRC) M6A4 IAR (i'm familiar with LWRC M6A2 back in the day) 2. Patriot Ordnance Factory IAR 3. General Dynamics Armaments and Technical Products CIS Ultimax 100 MK5 (marketed as the GDATP IAR) - is also known as Singapore product made by ST Kinetics Armaments In December 2009, the H&K weapon won the competition and entered into a five-month period of final testing. In the summer of 2010, it was formally designated as the: M27 Infantry Automatic Rifle, coincidentally sharing a designation with the 2nd Battalion, 7th Marines, who had been testing fully automatic rifles since 2001. After the Marine Corps Operational Test and Evaluation Activity conducted further testing at MCAGCC Twentynine Palms, Fort McCoy and Camp Shelby (for dust, cold-weather, and hot-weather conditions, respectively), limited fielding of 458 IARs began to four infantry battalions (one per each Marine Expeditionary Force, one reserve) and one light armored reconnaissance battalion, all of which deployed to Afghanistan in 2011. In May 2011, Marine General James Amos approved the conclusion of the Limited User Evaluation (LUE), and ordered the replacement of the M249 LMG by the M27. Fielding of the approximately 6,500 M27 units was expected to be completed in the summer of 2013, at a cost of $13 million. Each M27 gunner was to be equipped with around twenty-two 30-round magazines of the type currently in use with the M16 and M4 carbine approximating the combat load of an M249 SAW gunner; although the M27 gunner would not be expected to carry all 22 magazines. The individual combat load would be determined at the unit level and was expected to vary by unit, based on results of evaluations conducted by the four infantry battalions and one light armored reconnaissance battalion that participated in the Limited User Evaluation. Though program officials were aware that switching from the belt-fed M249 would result in a loss of suppressive fire capability, Charles Clark III, of the Marine Corps' Combat Development and Integration Office, cited the substantially increased accuracy of the M27 as a significant factor in the decision to replace the M249. USMC on replacing their main rifles with M27 (a.k.a M16/M4 series alongside M249's): In early 2017, Commandant of the Marine Corps General Robert Neller said he wanted to equip every "0311" rifleman with an M27 IAR. Because of that, the Marine Corps issued a request in early 2017 for 11,000 M27 IARs from H&K. While talking about the Corps' request, Chris Woodburn, deputy of the Maneuver Branch, Fires and Maneuver Integration at Marine Corps Combat Development Command, said "The new order will replace all M4s in every infantry squad with an M27, except for the squad leader." He also stated that the change includes infantry training battalions. The timeline for funding was planned for fiscal years 2019 and 2020, with the Corps acquiring some of the rifles in fiscal year 2018. As of August 2017, officials have stated that "riflemen are the top priority," but that the M27 "will be in the hands of combat engineers and light armored reconnaissance battalion scouts next." The Corps later issued a pre-solicitation notice for the M27. "The new pre-solicitation notice of 50,184 [M27s]," said Woodburn, "is [meant] to up the production capacity that H&K must be able to meet as the sole-source provider [of the M27], should the Marines decide to order more in the future." At SHOT Show 2018, the Marine Corps announced that the deal with H&K to produce 11,000 M27s for the Marine Corps had been finalized and that the M27 IAR would be adopted as the standard issue service rifle of the Marine Corps infantry, replacing the M4A1. The M27 IAR now is adopted as the standard issue service rifle of the Marine Corps infantry - replacing the M4A1 - in 2018. Once the change is fully implemented, the M27 IAR will be issued to all riflemen in the Marine Corps infantry, while the M4A1 will only be issued to non-infantry Marines. It was originally fielded as a proposed replacement for the M249 SAW between the years 2010 and 2017. During that time period, it was distributed one per four-man fireteam, three per squad, 28 per company, 84 per infantry battalion and 72 per Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, with a total of 4,476 being serviced by the Marine Corps as a whole. However, the M249 was not completely replaced by the M27 IAR, and six M249s were still issued to rifle companies between 2010 and 2017. Also more around late 2017, the Marine Corps began fielding an optimized version of the M27 which was given a new number, the: M38 designated marksman rifle (M38 DMR). Although certain selected M27s had been employed as marksman rifles since 2016, the M38 version outfits M27's selected for accuracy with a Leupold TS-30A2 Mark 4 MR/T 2.5-8x36mm variable power scope, the same optic fitted on the Mk 12 Special Purpose Rifle. The naming of the M38 followed a similar convention to the M27, being named after the 3rd Battalion, 8th Marines unit that tested the rifle out. By April 2018, fielding to all three Marine Expeditionary Forces had been completed. One M38 marksman version, fitted with a scope and QDSS suppressor, is to be fielded per infantry squad to hit targets at 600 meters. Full operational capability is planned for September 2018. What is their combat reviews on M27 and how Suppressive Fire debate exist at that time: The IAR was initially fielded in December 2010. 1st Battalion 3rd Marines were deployed to Afghanistan in April 2011 with 84 IARs. Former SAW gunners initially did not like the M27, but appreciated it as time went on. It weighed 9 lb (4 kg) loaded, compared to 22 lb (10 kg) for an M249, which was a significant difference when on five hour missions. Gunners said it was "two weapons in one," being able to fire single shots accurately out to 800 meters and have fully automatic fire. It also blended in with standard M16-style service rifles, making it difficult for enemy forces to identify the machine gunner. The battalion leadership also saw the M27 as better at preventing collateral damage, as it is more controllable on fully automatic than the M249. Concern of volume of fire loss was made up for through training courses developed in December 2010. With the M249 SAW, the idea of suppression was volume of fire and the sound of the machine gun. With the M27 IAR, the idea of suppression shifts to engaging with precision fire, as it has rifle accuracy at long range and fully automatic fire at short range. Shooters transitioned from long-range precision fire at 700 meters to short-to-medium suppressive fire at 200 meters, both while in the prone position. Some gunners in combat have been used as designated marksmen. An M27 gunner with one aimed shot has the effect of three or four automatic shots from the SAW, and still has the option of a heavier volume with an accurate grouping. Marines issued with the M27 enjoy its familiarity with the M4-style weapons in service. Its gas-operated short-stroke piston action with a rotating bolt runs cooler, cleaner, requires less maintenance, has less internal parts wear and is less susceptible to malfunctions compared to previous direct impingement M4/M16 style weapons. IAR gunners consider the rifle-grade accuracy to be a huge improvement over the SAW, despite the loss of sustained firing. With a shrinking budget, the Marine Corps is looking at ways to implement the IAR as a multipurpose weapon. Suggestions included use as an automatic rifle and as a designated marksman rifle, a role where it replaced the Squad Advanced Marksman Rifle. Additionally, the free-floating barrel offers improved accuracy at approximately 2 MOA compared with 4.5 MOA for M16A4 rifles. While Marine Corps Systems Command was optimistic about operational testing, former Marine Commandant General James T. Conway remained skeptical because of: The reduction in firepower at the fireteam-level that would result if the M27 was adopted. He felt that, while more accurate, it was unlikely that the M27 could provide fire-superiority over the belt-fed M249 SAW. A magazine-fed rifle, requiring frequent reloading, would not be able to sustain the same rate of fire. In a firefight, squad members carrying extra magazines for the M27 might not always be in position to supply them to the gunner. Further, the SAW was already a battle-proven weapon. It was also significant that the Army had chosen not to pursue the IAR concept. The notion that the M27 represents a reduction in suppressive fire has spawned considerable debate between proponents of the M249 SAW within the infantry and those who advocate that a lighter, more maneuverable, and accurate weapon is sufficient to support offensive operations at the squad level. It is debatable, in fact, that program officials actually concede a loss of suppressive fire capabilities, as the only statements of concern over this concept were made by General Conway. With a SAW, the doctrine of fire suppression is the sound of continuous fire with rounds landing close to the enemy. While the M249's volume of fire may be greater, it is less accurate. Experienced troops who have dealt with incoming fire are less likely to take cover from incoming rounds if they are not close enough. With an IAR, the doctrine is that lower volume of fire is needed with better accuracy. Fewer rounds need to be used and automatic riflemen can remain in combat longer and in more situations. Another benefit of the M27 over the M249 is that in many respects it resembles an M4 rifle as used by the rest of the squad. This makes it harder to identify by enemy troops. The M27 IAR design for the armed forces: The M27 is based on the H&K HK416. It features a gas-operated short-stroke piston action with a rotating bolt and a free-floating barrel. The handguard has four MIL-STD-1913 Picatinny rails for use with accessories and optics. The simpler gas-piston rifle system reduces the amount of time it takes to resolve malfunctions on the IAR compared with the M249. Alternate calibers other than 5.56 mm are being considered for the M27. The M27 usually draws ammunition from a standard 30-round STANAG magazine. The improved STANAG magazine with the tan-colored anti-tilt follower is favored over the previous version with the green follower because it can be inserted more easily and the anti-tilt follower can handle high rates of fully automatic fire with less chance of malfunction. There have been issues with some STANAG magazines sticking in the magwell, especially when painted and or damaged. While a rifleman normally carries seven 30-round magazines, an IAR gunner has to carry up to sixteen, and may carry as many as twenty one, due to its role and fully automatic rate of fire. The magazine well has a flared opening that aids in magazine insertion, but a PMAG 30 GEN M2 magazine cannot be inserted due to the frontal plastic bevel on the PMAG. Because the M27 cannot be fed from the widely used M2 PMAG magazines that M4s or M16 rifles in the squad could take, the Marines banned the polymer PMAG for issue on November 26, 2012 to prevent interchangeability issues. In response, Magpul began the process of arranging verification and official testing for their improved PMAG 30 GEN M3 magazine, which is compatible with both the M27 and M16-series rifles. After Marine Corps testing of the M855A1 Enhanced Performance Round with the M27 showed reliability problems from feeding issues from standard magazines, the PMAG 30 GEN M3 Window, which had better reliability with the EPR, was approved for use by Marines in December 2016 so that M27 gunners who receive M855A1 rounds do not face such issues. Due to its role, high capacity magazines of between 50 and 100 rounds are being explored. The M27 is essentially an HK416 with accessories required by the Marine Corps. The standard optic is the Trijicon ACOG Squad Day Optic (SDO), officially designated the Sight Unit, SU-258/PVQ Squad Day Optic. It is a 3.5×35 machine gun optic that has a Ruggedized Miniature Reflex (RMR) sight screwed on top for close-quarters engagements under 100 meters. Created for the SAW, the day optic offers slightly less magnification, but longer eye relief than the ACOG Rifle Combat Optic (RCO) on M16's and M4's. The longer relief helps reduce injury risk from recoil. It is issued with the Vickers Combat Applications sling and rail sling mounts, AIM Manta Rail Covers, Harris bipod, KAC backup iron sights, a foregrip, and bayonet lug. The M27 initially had a Grip Pod, which is a foregrip with bipod legs inside, but it was later replaced by a separate foregrip and bipod. In January 2017, a USMC unit deployed with suppressors mounted to their M27 rifles as part of a concept to suppress every weapon in an infantry battalion. Exercises showed that having all weapons suppressed improved squad communication and surprise during engagements; disadvantages included additional heat and weight, increased maintenance, and the greater cost of equipping so many troops with the attachment. How is it, in the present day view's? The US Marine Corps is fielding thousands of its new M27 Infantry Automatic Rifles to grunts across the service and, for now, it’s not buying any more. The last of the M27's come into the Marine Corps inventory this year and are expected to be in the hands of each infantryman from platoon commander and below by mid-2021, officials said. Some still questioned its fire suppression capability over the SAW, but the weapon finally got the blessing of top brass. Commandant Gen. Robert B. Neller liked what he saw enough to not only push for the M27 to replace the SAW but also the M4, at least within rifle companies and for those working alongside them, such as combat engineers. The initial goal of getting 6,500 of the M27s into the ranks jumped to 11,000 and plans later called for 15,000 rifles. Any of the figures would have worked, fitting well below the maximum procurement contract number of 50,184. Ultimately, the Marines bought just over 14,000 M27s, Manny Pacheco, spokesman for Marine Corps Systems Command, told Marine Corps Times. Those were purchased at an estimated: 1,600 initial purchase 2,600 in 2017 2,900 in 2018 7,000 in 2019 A little less than half of those, between 6,000 and 7,000, have not yet been fielded. While Neller repeatedly has said that the weapon has received majority positive reviews from the infantry it has not come into the ranks without its own controversy. In April 2018, members of the House Armed Services Committee told Neller that they wanted him to provide them an assessment of the service’s view of the Small Arms Ammunition Configuration study and include near and long-term small arms modernization strategy for the Corps. And future funding for the rifle could be cut or withheld if he didn’t provide that report. At that point, the Corps had fielded 6,500 M27s. During a March 2018, House Armed Services Committee hearing Rep. Joe Wilson, R-S.C., grilled Marine leaders about why the weapon wasn’t being provided by a U.S. company. Lt. Gen. Brian D. Beaudreault, deputy commandant of Plans, Policies and Operations, told the congressman that H&K, a Germany-based company, won the competition and changes now would put fielding behind by two years and substantially raise the price of the contract. Despite its successes in fielding, certain elite within the Marine ranks decided not to take the new rifle and are sticking with the M4s. Marine Special Operations Command Raiders continue to carry the M4 carbine. That has had to do both with the profile of missions requiring shorter barrels and also a need for a greater volume of fire they still get from the SAW, a MARSOC spokesman told Marine Corps Times in 2018. Raiders use an M4 lower receiver, the trigger and housing, attached to a Special Operations Command-upper receiver, the barrel and bolt. That way operators can swap out components in their weapon system to meet various mission demands. The SOCOM upper receiver group and M27 lower are not compatible. A 2015 report that was leaked online evaluated the use of the M27 as a designated marksman rifle, the role it has come to play in its M38 configuration. That report found weapon stoppages at high cyclic rates ― a problem for what’s meant to be the squad’s machine gun. But, retired Marine Chief Warrant Officer 5 Christian Wade, who worked closely with evaluation, testing and fielding of small arms and training in the Marine Corps, told the website Task & Purpose that the problems in that test were not with the weapon but rather with the aluminum magazines that had feed problems and with the type of ammunition that was being used ― the M855A1 Enhanced Performance Round. Marines have since adopted a polymer magazine that does not have the feed problems and certain deploying units have obtained another type of 5.56 mm ammunition to correct for past problems with the EPR, he said. Why the US Army never wanted HK M27 in their section? While the Marines love their M27 rifle, it’s not good enough for the Army — they’re building their own. Army leaders in week around February 8th, 2018 provided key weapons updates during a Senate hearing on modernization that included timelines on an improved armor-piercing round, sniper rifles and their Next Generation Squad Weapon. They asked for updates to the rifles and rounds infantry soldiers use, given advancements in body armor that can defeat the standard 5.56mm round fired by the M4 carbine and M16 rifle variants. What are their plans on making their own gun replacing M249's in service? The US Army is building a “Next Generation Squad Weapon,” the first variant, one of the Army deputy chief of staff said, will be an automatic rifle to replace the Squad Automatic Weapon, which is chambered in 5.56mm. They've been pushed on the M27, which the Marine Corps has adopted. That is also a 5.56mm, which doesn’t penetrate. They’re going to go down the path of [the] Next Generation Squad Weapon, automatic rifle first, to be closely followed — very hopeful — for either a rifle or carbine that will fire something other than 5.56mm. He quickly added that the new round will likely not be in 7.62mm. "As the Textron Systems release the weapons above, it was meant for replacing weapons for the Army, the NGSW-R (left) replacing M4 series and NGSW-AR (right) replacing M249 SAW in service" The weapon will probably weigh a little bit more, the ammo will probably weigh a little bit less, and Army soldiers can get penetration of the most advanced body armor in the world, probably well out beyond even max effective range of the current M4, and that’s what the Army see as a replacement for the M4 in the future, not the [Squad Designated Marksman Rifle]. Advancements not only include a new round but also improved fire controls and polymer casing. Textron Systems has partnered with the Army to develop a cased telescope cartridge and weapons built around the shortened polymer round. They also have a 6mm carbine variant, which was on display at the Association of the U.S. Army annual meeting last year. The principal military secretary to the assistant secretary of US Army for acquisition, logistics and technology, told the senators that the work with Textron and others will be offered to vendors in 2018, with the goal of seeing a decision by 2021 and having the capability ready by 2022 or 2023. Deputy chief of staff also listed several other, interim efforts, including the near-term gap of providing a Squad Designated Marksman Rifle chambered in 7.62mm that also fires the Advanced Armor-Piercing Round. While the SDMR program has been sped up and will see fielding among infantry units this year, the round program has been delayed to field in 2019. You can still fire a 7.62 and still able to penetrate; you just can’t get quite the range you will with the next generation round. Bonus: The M27 IAR in my country? According to news reported from tnial.mil.id (2/3/2018), soldiers of the 1st Marine Infantry Brigade conducted a test of this weapon at the Gedangan Marine Brigif-1 firing range. The trial was carried out by Brigif-1 Marine Combat Squad (Regu Pandu Tempur or Rupanpur) and Marine soldiers from a distance of 25 meters and 50 meters in a standing, squatting and lying down position. After testing, it was concluded that the weapon endurance is quite good, the beat is almost not felt (stable), but more trials are needed to check the accuracy of the shot / wear, check the M-Point attached to the weapon for night accuracy testing and check the durability of the weapon in wet conditions and muddy. Some TNI special forces, such as Kopaska (Navy Frog Forces Command), Kopassus (Army Special Forces Command) and Denjaka (Jala Mangkara Detachment), have seen the M27 as the familiar HK416 figure, this assault rifle is indeed known to have high accuracy and quality that is 'resilient' like an AK-47. The Military Times Gear Scout Blog and the Soldier Systems website even referred to HK416 as a weapon used by Navy SEALS to kill Osama Bin Laden. For this one, the M27 philosophy is similar to the Ultimax 100 used by the Marines Amphibious Reconnaissance Battalion (Taifib Marinir) Bonus 2: Should this be in Project Reality (PR:BF2) on US Marine Corps (USMC) faction? What will it costs you if it exist in-game? One word, YES~! "It will cost your soul to make the M27 model in 3D and the ability to suppressive fire become lacking, considering how less the ammo count it has.." The good thing is the gun itself should be handling CQC best than M249's (meaning very accurate in few ranges), probably going to be much stable in hipfire and ADS, nimble, reliable, easy to control the gun's recoil etc. Also, why not having Beta C-Mag for this one? Just to compensate the ammo count obviously Thank you and enjoy the reading, feel free to give your thoughts and comments down below, or even corrections if i'm wrong. I'll see you out in the battlefield- soon~ (image still in progress, brb) Its done, enjoy~ (°▽°)/ - Inch Extras: - GDATP IAR's: - LWRC M6A4 IAR: - Patriot Ordinance Factory (POF) IAR's: - Colt IAR's: - Volod.41 Christmas Gift, The Ironman Ammunition Backpack (You don't have to worry about ammo no more ) Sauces: Wikipedia Marine Corps Times, https://www.marinecorpstimes.com/news/your-marine-corps/2019/04/19/all-of-the-marine-m27-rifles-are-in-if-youre-not-a-grunt-or-working-with-them-youre-not-getting-one/ Army Times, https://www.armytimes.com/news/your-army/2018/02/08/army-says-no-thanks-to-marine-m27-opting-instead-to-build-its-own-rifle/ Indomiliter, https://www.indomiliter.com/m27-infantry-automatic-rifle-paling-disukai-marinir-as-turut-dicoba-marinir-indonesia/
  2. Random PR moments

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  3. Project Reality VIP Rescue Event

    until
    VIP Rescue 23.11.2019 1800 PRT Server PW : XXXXXX (Hostage takers (2) : If you are interested in playing as hostage taker, send me a PM on the VG site.) If anyone is interested in commanding BLUEFOR, then feel free to apply as well. It's been a while, but but it's time for a new round of COOP events. With the 1.6 just around the corner, it's logistically not practical to do any huge events due to the sheer amount of changes the update brings, but we can still do some of the smaller scale ones, so here we go. VIP Rescue event : PLEASE READ COMPLETE DETAILS HERE -
  4. Project Reality VIP Rescue Event

    VIP Rescue 23.11.2019 1800 PRT Server PW : vip (Hostage takers (2) : If you are interested in playing as hostage taker, send me a PM on the VG site.) 1. =VG= Vanillapop 2. FinWeirdo VIP : 1. =VG= Ciro It's been a while, but but it's time for a new round of COOP events. With the 1.6 just around the corner, it's logistically not practical to do any huge events due to the sheer amount of changes the update brings, but we can still do some of the smaller scale ones, so here we go. VIP Rescue event : Objective : Basically your regular COOP match with a little twist in the victory conditions - Instead of capping all enemy flags or reducing their tickets to 0, to win, BLUEFOR has to locate and rescue the VIP before time runs out. To achieve this goal, BLUEFOR has to first gain intel by attacking enemy forces. Intel system is pretty simple : 1. Every captured flag gives BLUEFOR 10 intel points. 2. 35 kills gives Bluefor 5 intel points 3. Every lost flag reduces intel points by 15. (Minimum amount of possible intel points is capped at 0) 4. To recieve a hint about VIP location, BLUEFOR has to gather 20 intel points. 20 Intel points are reduced after each hint. VIP is guarded by 2 "hostage takers" (human players) who will have 10 minutes at the beginning of the round to transport the VIP to a location of their choice. From there, it's up to them to relocate the VIP or to fortify the current location. (Rules for Hostage Takers : 1. You are only allowed to use unarmed civilian transport vehicles. 2. You are not allowed to use any kind of AT weaponry 3. You are only allowed to use victim detonated IEDs / Claymores. 4. You are not allowed to excecute the VIP until the time has run out 5. If both hostage takers are killed during the firefight, they are not allowed to return to the fight 5.1 if only one of the hostage takers is killed and other manages to escape with the VIP, the killed player is allowed to regroup with the other hostage taker.) Hostage takers are allowed to use civilian vehicles to move around the map and BLUEFOR is allowed to open fire on the vehicle. If the vehicle is destroyed with the VIP inside it or VIP dies during the shooting, BLUEFOR loses. Hostage takers are required to stop and exit the vehicle when it has sustained enough damage that light engine smoke is present. Once the VIP is secured, BLUEFOR has to designate a transport vehicle which will be used for VIP transport and bring it to the VIP. If that vehicles is destroyed during the VIP transport, VIP dies and BLUEFOR loses. WIN / LOSS Conditions for BLUEFOR : 1. BLUEFOR wins when the VIP is safely transported back to the main base. 2. BLUEFOR loses when the VIP is killed. 2.1. If VIP is killed within 30 minutes of the round start, the mission is replayed. If more than 30 minutes has passed, BLUEFOR loses. 2.2. If VIP is killed by a griefer / intentionally, the VIP will respawn and return to the area. WIN / LOSS Conditions for OPFOR : 1. OPFOR wins when BLUEFOR is unable to locate and rescue the VIP within given time limit. 2. OPFOR loses when VIP is returned to the BLUEFOR main base. Additional info : 1. All heavy, medium and air assets are disabled for BLUEFOR. All heavy assets (Tanks, APCs with autocannons) are disabled for OPFOR 2. Engineer kits are disabled to avoid VIP getting killed by a random mine 3. All changes will be server side, so no download is needed. 4. All flags will be active at the same time. Event rules : 1. BLUEFOR must remain in the main base for the first 10 minutes. 2. Regular =VG= server rules. 3. Commander is not allowed to use the UAV Maps : (Ignore the assets, if theres interest in continuing after these 3, more rounds will be done on different maps) Mission 1 : Sbeneh Outskirts Mission 2 : Op. Marlin Mission 3 : Ramiel
  5. Hello guys, it's been a while. I haven't posted something new on the forums (usually at Militaria forum section), i had been busy with some campus works/assignments, and it goes from there. But, if i'm having a free time, will be updating and continously posting while i still can. This is some of the knowledge, to you all the readers.. enjoy-! Today, i'll be talking about LGS Fennek, requested by @=Wolf= Jersans from previous posts (so, this is likely a late post, and sorry for being late-). It's basically an armored scout car equivalent to some others, like Chinese (PLA) VN3 and Russian/Polish BRDM-2 (or BRDM-2M-98 Zbik's) The Fennek, named after the fennec (a species of small desert fox), or LGS Fennek, with LGS being short for Leichter Gepanzerter Spähwagen in German (Light Armoured Reconnaissance Vehicle), is a four-wheeled armed reconnaissance vehicle produced by the German company Krauss-Maffei Wegmann and Dutch Defence Vehicle Systems. The Turkish company, FNSS Defence Systems acquired the right for licence production in 2004. It was developed for both the German Army and Royal Netherlands Army to replace their current vehicles. - History In April 2000, the prototype vehicle finished field trials and in December 2001, a combined order was placed. 410 were ordered by the Royal Netherlands Army (202 reconnaissance, 130 MRAT (medium range antitank) and 78 general purpose versions) and 222 by the German military (178 reconnaissance, 24 combat engineer, 20 joint fire support teams (JFST)). More Fenneks for the German Army will be procured from 2015 on. Germany plans an overall purchase of approximately 300 Fenneks. The first vehicle was delivered to the Netherlands in July 2003 and the first to Germany in December of the same year. Deliveries will continue until 2011 (additional orders for the German Army are planned from 2015 on). The Dutch SP Aerospace company, which produced the Fennek for the Dutch military, was declared bankrupt in August 2004. A new company called Dutch Defence Vehicle Systems (DDVS) was created to continue the production of the vehicles for the Royal Netherlands Army. - Specifications The Fennek has four wheels with selectable two or four wheel drive. It has a Deutz diesel engine producing 179 kW, giving it a top speed of 115 km/h. Tire pressure can be regulated by the driver from inside the vehicle to suit terrain conditions. The primary mission equipment is an observation package mounted on an extendable mast. Sensors include a thermal imager, daylight camera and a laser rangefinder. Combined with the vehicle's GPS and inertial navigation system the operator can accurately mark targets or points of linterest and pass that data to the digital battlefield network. The sensor head of the observation package can also be removed and mounted on a tripod for concealed operation, as can the control unit from the vehicle should the crew want to use the entire system dismounted. Many Fenneks of the German Army are also equipped with Aladin miniature UAVs. LGS Fennek SWP (Stinger Weapon Platform) LGS Fennek MRAT (Anti-Tank Guided Missile Carrier) Various weapons can be fitted, such as a 12.7 mm machine gun for the Dutch reconnaissance version, a Rafael Spike anti-tank missile on the Dutch MRAT version or a 40 mm automatic grenade launcher (HK GMG) or Rheinmetall MG3 for the German vehicles. The Royal Netherlands Army also placed an order at the Turkish company Aselsan for 18 Raytheon Stinger surface-to-air missile launchers to be fitted on the Fennek. The launcher in this case is the Stinger Weapon Platform (SWP), with four Stinger missiles intended for mid-range air defence. The launcher can be controlled from on board the vehicle, or else remotely as part of a distributed air defense system. On the Dutch Fennek the primary weapon is the 12.7 mm machine gun. The vehicle is protected all-round against 7.62 mm rounds and additional armour can be added if the mission requires. The air conditioning system provides protection against nuclear, biological and chemical warfare and the crew compartment is protected against anti-personnel mines. German Bundeswehr LGS Fennek with HK GMG 40mm automatic grenade launcher Main Specifications: Weight: 9.7-10.4 tonnes Length: 5.71 m Width: 2.49 m Height: 1.79 m Crew: 3 Main armament: HK GMG 40 mm grenade autocannon or Rheinmetall MG3 (German version), M2HB 12.7 mm machine gun (Dutch versions) Secondary armament: Not applicable Engine: Deutz diesel 179 kW (239 hp) Power/weight: 18.5 kW/tonne Suspension: Selectable 4 wheel drive Operational range: 860 km Speed: 115 km/h - Operational History Both Germany and the Netherlands have deployed Fennek reconnaissance vehicles to Afghanistan in support of ISAF. On 3 November 2007, a Dutch Fennek was hit by an improvised explosive device killing one and wounding two other occupants. The vehicle and its crew were taking part in an offensive operation targeting the Taliban in the province of Uruzgan, Afghanistan. In another incident a German Fennek was hit by a rocket-propelled grenade. It's hollow charge jet penetrated the vehicle through the right front wheel rim, passed through the vehicle and blew the left door off the hinge. Thanks to the spall liner the crew sustained only negligible injuries. - Operators Current operators: - Germany German Army (Bundeswehr) - 222, to be increased to 248 - Netherlands Royal Netherlands Army - 365 Future operators: - Qatar Qatari Emiri Land Force - 32 Hope you guys enjoy the reading-! Feel free to share your thoughts, comments and give corrections here below - Inch
  6. Project Reality COOP Event #2

    until
    So after a long absence I've decided to make an event. This will include some of the old event missions that I ran as well as new ones. Each week on the day of the event you guys will have 4 missions and a seed game to complete. There's no story involved but these missions are designed to encourage teamwork and failure will most likely happen without Standard =VG= rules will apply, don't stir shit and don't ruin the game for everyone else. There's no signups, just join and have a good time. Squad leader spawn point will be removed for the events. Everything is subject to change. Full details here:
  7. Project Reality COOP Event #1

    until
    So after a long absence I've decided to make an event. This will include some of the old event missions that I ran as well as new ones. Each week on the day of the event you guys will have 4 missions and a seed game to complete. There's no story involved but these missions are designed to encourage teamwork and failure will most likely happen without Standard =VG= rules will apply, don't stir shit and don't ruin the game for everyone else. There's no signups, just join and have a good time. Squad leader spawn point will be removed for the event. Weekend one; 10/8/2019 Everything is subject to change. Full details here:
  8. VincentJames96 Memorial - 24 Hours at Muttrah

    until
    VincentJames96 Annual Memorial - 24 Hours at Muttrah 06.22.2019 0600 PRT In remembrance of our dear departed friend H8CrazyVet67, also known in games as VincentJames96, whom we lost last year, we will be hosting a 24 hour event based around his favorite map. All map layers will be included in the rotation. Please join us as we remember the good times we had with our old friend. In game messages will help inform our regular players of this change, but please be patient with those who do not notice and may complain, and kindly explain this temporary event to them so they may know to conduct themselves with respect accordingly, or to choose to play on another server for the remainder of the day. Thank you!
  9. Operation Red Dawn

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    Operation Red Dawn 02.02.2019 1800 PRT Download : TBA Server Password : TBA Situation : Early 1989 - Soviet Union's leadership, paranoid of imminent NATO invasion, decides to launch a preemptive strike against NATO in Western Europe and the United States. After years of development, Soviet scientists have developed a computer virus that when inserted into radar comm link, will effectively disrupt any radar connected within the system and will make it near useless for hours. Using this to their advantage, Soviet leadership authorises the launch of operation code named "Red Dawn". At 0300 in the morning, several Spetsnaz units are sent into Western Europe to infiltrate key enemy radar bases and to upload the virus into the network... (click here to read full mission briefing)
  10. Operation Red Dawn 02.02.2019

    Operation Red Dawn 02.02.2019 1800 PRT Download : Click Here Server Password : event42 Situation : Early 1989 - Soviet Union's leadership, paranoid of imminent NATO invasion, decides to launch a preemptive strike against NATO in Western Europe and the United States. After years of development, Soviet scientists have developed a computer virus that when inserted into radar comm link, will effectively disrupt any radar connected within the system and will make it near useless for hours. Using this to their advantage, Soviet leadership authorises the launch of operation code named "Red Dawn". At 0300 in the morning, several Spetsnaz units are sent into Western Europe to infiltrate key enemy radar bases and to upload the virus into the network... Equipment : Rifles : AK74 / AK74m / AKMS / AKS-74u / Saiga12 MGs : PKM AT : RPG 7 HEAT Rifleman AP has access to RPG 7 w DZGI40 airburst HE-FRAG Medic bags haven't been developed enough for area effect ( Deployment settings, meaning that medic has to treat people one by one) All units have binoculars. Heavy AT, AA, Sniper, Spotter, HMG kits are currently unavailable. All deployable assets except HMGs and Sandbags must be dug. HJ-8 / AA / Razorwire is unavailable. Mission 1 (Original map : Siege at Ochamchira by Irontaxi) assets : 8 x RHIB - 1 minute respawn While the main focus is on attacking the Western European mainland, a Soviet naval battlegroup is sent out to attack British isles & Norway. Under the cover of darkness, Soviet Spetsnaz platoon is sent ahead to infiltrate British naval bases and to upload the virus into UK's radar network so the main invasion force may approach undetected. Weapons are free and we are now at war. The enemy will be unaware of your presence. Mission objectives : 1. Infiltrate British mainland, plant a jammer outside the base to block any enemy radio traffic. 2. Capture the base entrance (Objectives Anna & Boris) 3. Upload the virus into British radar network by capturing two enemy HQ buildings ( Objectives Dmitri & Yelena) 4. Exfiltrate (5.) Supplies are unavailable. Use rally points for additional spawn locations. (6.) To avoid people abusing the boats, off map timer has been reduced. Mission 2 (original map : Borovsko Bridge by [R-CON] Rusty_42) assets : 4 x Tigr (Unarmed) - 5 minute respawn (2 at obj. Anna, 2 at Obj. Gregor) 2 x Tigr (Armed) - 5 minute respawn 1 x Logistics truck - 10 minute respawn The main invasion has begun. Spetsnaz platoon is paradropped to British countryside with the objective to capture and secure vital supply lines. British fusilier company and some scorpion IFVs have been spotted in the area. Mission objectives : 1. Establish a perimeter around the drop zone. You will be dropped from relatively low altitude, so be ready to open your parachute quite early. ( 9 ) 2. Capture objective Anna so we can open up the supply line and send in additional equipment. 3. Capture two villages to the south west. 4. Secure the main road by capturing the objectives along the way 5. Eliminate any British resistance
  11. Operation Red Dawn

    Greetings! A small late Christmas present for our PR enthusiasts. Starting from late January - early Feburary 2019, Veterans - Gaming will be hosting a Cold War era campaign called "Operation Red Dawn". Campaign takes place in early 1989, where Soviet Union, in response to NATO's increasing military presence and large scale military excercises in Western - Germany, decides to launch a full scale invasion into Western - Europe and The United States. Players will be part of a Spetsnaz platoon that is assigned to perform special tasks throughout the European Theatre. Campaign will be around 5 - 6 "episodes" long with each episode taking place on a Saturday evening. Each episode will consist of 2 main missions and one optional mission which will be played after the first two are completed and there's interest and sufficient pop. Additional information about the Campaign, start date, mission briefings etc. will be announced in January. We wish you all (late) happy Holidays and a Happy New Year.
  12. Hmmvee.jpg

    Hmmmmvee :thonking:
  13. The VG PR COOP Server has been reinstalled from default 1.5 files, and updated to 1.5.5.5 A select few changes were made to the admin.py and coop.py to make the server functional, but we have left many settings default in order to test in the coming week and isolate any "VG" specific changes that may lead to server crashes. Though we have no reason to believe this is happening, we need to begin ruling out factors to zero in on the issue more closely. If something is odd, or seems off, please note it, even though it may be a result of our current settings, we need any input you can offer. Changelog: Complete ChangeLog here: PR 1.5.5.5 ChangeLog (2018/8/9) Hotfix Patch 1.5.5.1 Changenotes: hotfix for issues regarding disabled vehicles staying disabled after respawn
  14. VG PR Maplist Randomizer is now LIVE!

    VETERANS-GAMING is Proud to Announce a New System for our Project Reality COOP Server: Huge thanks goes to Xenalite for creating this system - next time the server crashes, and you DON'T have to play Muttrah once again, be sure to give him your thanks!! In the past, we have used systems that forced the server to restart at a certain time once a day to change to one of 4 pre-set maplists that we created. Though this was a great start to relieving the annoyance of playing Muttrah after every crash or restart, it introduced another annoyance in the forced restart itself and never really removed the problem of playing the same map over and over in one day surrounding crashes or restarts. This randomizer will ensure that the VG Project Reality Server map rotation will remain fresh and new after every restart or server crash. Each time the server restarts or crashes, a new maplist will take effect, with the first several maps being chosen from a select few we know to be good seeding maps. VG PR Maplist Randomizer features: Randomizes the map list, with a unique map at the beginning (following a crash or restart). Excludes maps (which we place on a list) that were broken by an update or otherwise undesired on our maplist. Starter maps are random and unique, i.e. No 2 of the same map in first 10 rounds. Round 11 and on are non-starter maps taken from discarded starter maps and all other enabled maps. Remaining maps are random and non-adjacent, i.e. No 2 of the same map back-to-back. If a map is on disabled maps list, it will never appear in the final map list. The odds of playing the same starter map after crash is max 2% when running as designed
  15. I've finished myself, a SMG receiver-! More works to come, stay tuned- *A self-made project for making a faction (starts from weapons to heavy assets! ) By the way, this is just a rough-made receiver of Pindad PM2-V1 sub-machine gun (i haven't cleaned up and fixing the details yet) Polygon-Wireframe Wireframe view First-person view wannabe To-do lists: - Skeleton-Folding Stock - Tactical Upper-Rail attachment (w/h Bolt-in Iron Sights) - Trigger Group - Barrels (Breech, Chamber etc.) - Inch
  16. Project Reality COOP Testing Event: Outpost

    COOP TEST Event: Outpost 13th of June 1700 PRT (click here for details)
  17. Project Reality COOP Event

    until
    COOP Event 30th of June 1800 PRT (click here for details)
  18. COOP Event 30th of June 1800 PRT Server Password : rushb Download : Click Here! Event info : A. Everyone is free to join and no particular signups are required. Only signups are for : 1. COMMANDER : 2. Special Forces (Sbeneh) : SQL : Ranger_12 Medic / 2IC : Rotblut Demolitions : Jersans Operator 1 : Binary (numbers) Operator 2 : Stalinhammer B. Standard PR Server rules apply. C. Assets are claimed on first squad basis. APC squad claims all APCs and SBoxes, Tank squad claims only the tank. Logistics squad claims logistical trucks. Troop transport trucks, BRDM2 support vehicles and jeeps are not claimable (Except tigrs on Sbeneh) Situation : The civil war has been ragin in Syria for years with neither FSA, backed by the USA, nor the Government forces, backed by Russia, being able to deal a decisive blow to one another. The Russian High Command came up with a plan to crush the rebel forces and to give a blow to the US garrison in the Middle East. Russian VDVs are going to attack several US garrisons in the Middle east simultaniously to ensure that the enemy can't reinforce our primary target. Meanwhile, Russian Special Forces are sent to hit US naval garrison in the city of Muttrah prior to the assault on highly strategical town of Sbeneh, under the control of FSA. If the attacks are successful, the US would have no choice but to withraw from the region and without their help, it is doubtful that the FSA would be able to withstand the combined Syrian and Russian forces. 1. Muttrah Assets : 4 x BRDM 2 support ( Deployment zone) 3 x Troop Transport Truck (Deployment zone) 1 x Logistics truck ( Deployment zone) 4 x Tigr jeep (Deployment zone) 4 x MTLB DshK (Deployment zone) 3 x Troop Transport Truck ( Fortress) 1 x Logistics Truck ( Fortress) 3 x Tigr jeep ( Fortress) 2 x MTLB Beast (Fortress) Russian Special forces are sent to Muttrah under the cover of night. Their main goal is to capture the American carrier Essex. Operative on board it will disable it's engines once the attack has begun to ensure that the enemy doesn't escape. The enemy is not aware of your presence in the region. Intel : A British navy cargo ship has been spotted in the region and it's more than likely that they will come to assist their american allies. Intel suggests that they have several attack helicopters and armored vehicles on board. Primary objectives : 1. Secure the castle so we can send in additional reinforcements 2. Clear the city of any opposition 3. Capture the US naval base and it's naval assets. 4. Assault and seize control of the US carrier Essex. 2. Sbeneh Assets : 2 x Tigr jeep ( Special Forces) 1 x T72 2 x BMP2 3 x BTR 60 4 x Troop Transport truck 4 x GAZ jeep 2 x Logistics truck ( FOB) 3 x Troop Transport Truck ( FOB) The Syrian armed forces will launch an attack an hour after the strike on Muttrah has commenced. Their main objective is to clear out the city of any FSA opposition and capture the military bases currently under FSA control. Russian 3rd support battalion has been assigned to provide long range artillery and mortar support. During the attack, Syrian Special forces squad is sent to locate and destroy enemy communication arrays in the city. Primary Objectives : 1. Secure and establish a forward operating base at the rebel held compound so we can bring in our support and supply vehicles. 2. Capture the city and neutralise any FSA opposition in the area 3. Capture the two military bases under FSA control Secondary Objectives : 1. Locate and destroy enemy radar stations and towers. 2. Locate and neutralise the enemy Commanding Officer. 3. Additional objectives will be added during the operation
  19. Project Reality Coop Campaign - Battle 1

    COOP Campaign First Live Battle 17th of February 1900 PRT Campaign Battle Information : Campaign HQ :
  20. Project Reality COOP Campaign 2018 03.02.2018 (EVENT DELAYED DUE TO PR UPDATE - NEW DATE TBD) (click here for mission breifing & details)
  21. Project Reality COOP Campaign 2018 Veterans - Gaming and MelonHQ are happy to announce the upcoming Project Reality COOP campaign 2018 that will begin on 3rd of February. The fighting will take place between 5 factions with a goal to control the most territories and resources in the world, with each faction having their strenghts and weaknesses. Before we begin, I'd like to address those who get easily triggered : Yes, the campaign map is mostly hand drawn and therefore the real life borders don't apply. Yes, some countries have been combined together into one sector, Yes Australia belongs in the euro family now. Yes there are over a 100 typos in this post. The entire campaign will be controlled by the Game master and the High Commander. Game Master (TEDF) : Provides the maps and generates automatic battle resolves on non battle active weeks (more info below). High Commander : Leader of the human players faction, Chooses a faction and doctrine/policy/action, if available. Commands his units in the battle, moves units around on the campaign map. Appoints a 2IC in case of absence. Chooses research and divides resources as he sees fit. Humans will be playing and can pick only one faction. Others will be controlled by AI! High Commander signups are open! To apply for team lead, send me (TEDF) a PM on the forums with the following form : 1. Name (duh) : 2. Preferred faction : 3. Few encouraging words for your future followers : Signups close on 26th of January Information : Full information with the boring little details that are not mentioned here will be provided to the High Commander Factions : Eurocorps, MEC, Red Dragons, Russia 1. Eurocorps : (GB, Netherlands, Germany, France, Australia) Poor early game equipment, lacks proper air force and early game armour. Fields low amount of manpower - Divisions have less tickets than other factions and also start with small amount of units. Starts with outdated equipment and vehicles. HQ Location : a. Germany - Armoured and Mech. Units can move 2 slots instead of one. b. UK - Periodically recieve Canadian and australian units. c. France - 50% chance that the african union will ignore the bounty and will go after another faction d. Netherlands - Free deployable defenses on defensive battles. France and Netherlands are immune to naval invasions. 2. MEC : (M.E.C. , FSA, Taliban, Hamas) Very poor equipment and vehicles. Lacks proper air force. Slow research. Disliked by it's neighbours. M.E.C. available only if faction controls turkey, Israel and Iran. Has access to large amount of trash units. Doctrines : a. insurgency : On defensive battles, recieve randomly placed ammocaches that acts as a foward spawn point that can not be overrun. b. Economy : Recieve a huge income bonuses due to oil trade. Makes MEC more prone to be invaded by NORAD. 3. NORAD : (USA, Canada. (AI Controlled)) Superior to other factions in terms of equipment and firepower. Fields wide arsenal of air and armoured units. Branches : a. USAF + US Army - Is able to paradrop inf and light vehicles into occupied enemy territories. Landed units will always start in the middle of the map and must fight their way through enemy defensive lines. Is also able to drop in heavy units once the territory has been secured. b. USMC - Deploys a mighty navy that is able to strike any coastal territory with ease. 4. Red Dragons : (China, Vietnam, North - Korea) Fields large amounts of manpower - each division has more tickets than other factions. Policies : a. The Korea question - Assist North Korea in their struggle against south. takes away half of the Chinese forces for 4 weeks, but deploys mighty North Korean fleet after completion that prevents any future naval invasions to originally controlled chinese territories. Also gains access to the mighty North Korean Air Force and turns Korea into China's puppet (resources). Also grants access to one free rocket techie that carries the name of the great leader. b. Chinese war machine - Chinese armoured units deploy faster and are cheaper than other's faction units. 5. Russia Controls large amount of land, but is prone to attack from all sides and it can take a while to move your units to other fronts. Militia uprisings may cause militia faction units appearing on undefended territories and some of russian units turning over to them. Actions : a. Purge the military - Takes 4 weeks to complete and will result in 50% of the divisions being permanently removed from the game. Cancels out any militia activities in russian controlled sectors. b. For the Motherland - Recieve 75 additional tickets if the army runs out during the battle. Can be used only once per battlecycle Game Mechanics : 1. Division system - Each division has certain amount of assets at their disposal. Inf sections control how many tickets an army has during the battle and vehicle sections control how many vehicles will be available. If a vehicle is destroyed during the battle, it is gone forever. If a mech division loses all of their assets, it will be converted into an INF division. lost units may be resupplied in the HQ. 2. Battle system - Fighting will take place on a weekly basis, with one week being the auto resolve week and second week being the battle one. On auto resolve weeks, commanders are free to move their units around and attack enemy territories, but battle result will be decided by the amount of units, their type and terrain. On battle weeks, commanders are free to move their units around and attack enemy territories. The battles will be resolved in a live action where numbers and technology don't count as much as in auto resolve weeks. If there are more than 2 conflict zones, the command may choose up to 2 on which he wishes his team to fight on. Others will be auto resolved. 3. Research system : Human faction will start with a huge handicap - 0% research, meaning that in order to unlock weapons, scopes, vehicles and deployable assets, Commander has to make a decition on what he wishes to research. Research times vary, depending on the "OP-ness" of it. For example unlocking a scope for assault rifles may take up to 5 days, wheres MBT unlock may take up to 30 days. The research times will be lowered as the campaign progresses. 4. Resource System : Each territory controlled gives the faction resource points. The normal sectors give out 500p by default and HQ sector gives out 1200p by default. Income can be increased by doing research or by capturing enemy sectors. Resources may be used to provide replacements for damaged division or to request new units that can then be combined into new divisions. 5. Bounty System - The sixth unplayable faction, the ARF will act as a pirate faction and will attack the faction that has the highest bounty on. Each faction is able to place a bounty on a rivaling faction once per week and will get a notification if a bounty has been placed on them (not amount). ARF will aim for undefended sectors and will establish a base there that remains for 3 weeks or until it is destroyed. Once the ARF leaves, the terrotiry will become neutral and needs to be recaptured. Border lines do not apply for them and they may strike everywhere. Engaging them in battle will go under normal battle system rules.
  22. Admin application - Risiko94

    Hello, my name is Alex(23), most of you know me by Risiko94. I frequently play on your COOP Server for Projekt Realiy. I hope i made a good impression so far, a few practical jokes aside. I do my best to help players, especially new ones. Quite often you can see me leading a BEGINNER INF Squad, explaining the game to newbies. Iam happy with the way this server is managed and how the admins react (well, most of the time). Since there are rare occasions where an admin can't be found, iam asking for admin rights to help people in those situations. There is nothing you can do against a teamkiller or even worse, a bugged map (Beirut STD, f.E.) without admin help. I always check the teamspeak, but sometimes i can't find one and i don't want to rip people out of their arma/PR immersion. The following admins probably know me (random order): deathdealer203 H8CrazyVet67 InchPincherToo SoldierOfMisfortune Spartanish =VG= HaterOneActual VODKA Skitalez =VG= Keed Everyone i forgot, my memory is really bad. The following admins know me to a lesser extent: chickenjason123 asquirrel456 I don't want to be part of the Clan, nor do i want any special dutys or rights, aside from voting / changing the map and warning / kicking people. Regardless of your decision regarding my application, thank you for providing (the only) decent PR COOP Server. Alex
  23. Map rotations

    I was just wondering if admins can do maps that are not played very often into map rotations, or just ad a auto vote for maps in co-op
  24. Hey, guys- This is InchPincherToo and you are about to read an article about Rheinmetall 120 mm Gun, which is one of the standard armaments of few Tanks in PR, such as German Krauss-Maffei Leopard series, U.S.A M1 Abrams series and also seems indirectly used to Israeli Merkava series of tanks as well-! This is just quite sick gun indeed, been widely used as main armaments of few tanks around the world and also have long past history within it-! The Rheinmetall 120 mm gun is a smoothbore tank gun designed and produced by the West German Rheinmetall-DeTec AGcompany, developed in response to Soviet advances in armor technology and development of new armored threats. Production began in 1974, with the first version of the gun, known as the L/44 as it was 44 calibers long, used on the German Leopard 2 tank and soon produced under license for the American M1A1 Abrams and other tanks. The American version, the M256, uses a coil spring recoil system instead of a hydraulic system. The 120-millimeter (4.7 in) gun has a length of 5.28 meters (17.3 ft), and the gun system weighs approximately 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb). By 1990, the L/44 was not considered powerful enough to deal with future Soviet armour, which stimulated an effort by Rheinmetall to develop a better main armament. This first involved a 140-millimeter (5.5 in) tank gun named Neue Panzerkanone 140 ("new tank gun 140"), but later turned into a compromise which led to the development of an advanced 120 mm gun, the L/55, based on the same internal geometry as the L/44 and installed in the same breech and mount. The L/55 is 1.32 meters (4.3 ft) longer, giving increased muzzle velocity to ammunition fired through it. As the L/55 retains the same barrel geometry, it can fire the same ammunition as the L/44. This gun was retrofitted into German and Dutch Leopard 2's, and chosen as the main gun of the Spanish Leopard 2E and the Greek Leopard 2HEL. It was tested on the British Challenger 2 as a potential replacement for its current weapon, the rifled L30120 mm cannon. A variety of ammunition has been developed for use by tanks with guns based on Rheinmetall's original L/44 design. This includes a series of kinetic energy penetrators, such as the American M829 series, and high explosive anti-tank warheads. Recent ammunition includes a range of anti-personnel rounds and demolition munitions. The LAHAT, developed in Israel, is a gun-launched missile which has received interest from Germany and other Leopard 2 users, and is designed to defeat both land armour and combat helicopters. The Israelis also introduced a new anti-personnel munition which limits collateral damage by controlling the fragmentation of the projectile. - Background: Because of concerns about the inability of the 105-millimeter (4.1 in) L7 tank gun then in use across NATO forces to penetrate new Soviet armor, as proved in German tests on four T-62 Soviet tanks captured by Israel following the June 1967 Six Day War, Rheinmetall was paid for the development of a new tank gun, a project started in 1965, as the Bundeswehr felt a more powerful gun was needed for its new tanks. The first instance of a larger Soviet tank gun was witnessed on the chassis of a modified T-55 in 1961. In 1965, the Soviet Union's T-62 made its first public appearance, armed with a 115-millimeter (4.5 in) smoothbore tank gun. The Soviet decision to increase the power of its tank's main armament had come when, in the early 1960s, an Iranian tank commander defected over the Soviet border in a brand-new M60 Patton tank, which was armed with the British Royal Ordnance L7. Despite the introduction of the T-62, in 1969 their T-64 tank was rearmed with a new 125-millimeter (4.9 in) tank gun, while in 1972 Nizhny Tagil began production of the T-72 tank, also armed with the 125-millimeter (4.9 in) gun. For example, at the fighting at Sultan Yakoub, during the 1982 Lebanon War, the Israeli government claimed to have destroyed nine Syrian T-72's with the Merkava main battle tank, armed with an Israeli production version of the American M68 105-millimeter (4.1 in) tank gun (which in turn was based on the British L7). Whether or not true, the Soviets test-fired a number of Israeli M111 Hetz armor-piercing discarding sabot rounds at Kubinka, finding the 105-millimeter (4.1 in) round was able to perforate the T-72's sloped front section plate, but not it's turret armor. In response, the Soviets developed the T-72M1. This led Israel to opt for a 120 mm tank gun during the development process of the Merkava III main battle tank. This case is similar to the American decision to replace the M68 105-millimeter (4.1 in) tank gun with Rheinmetall's 120 mm gun in 1976; the introduction of the T-64A had raised the question within the armor community whether the new ammunition for the existing gun caliber could effectively deal with the new Soviet tank. In 1963, Germany and the United States had already embarked on a joint tank program, known as the MBT-70. The new tank carried a three-man crew, with the driver in the turret, an automatic loader for the main gun, a 20-millimeter (0.79 in) autocannon as secondary armament, an active hydropneumatic suspension and spaced armour on the glacis plate and the front turret. The new tank concept also had improved armament, a 152-millimeter (6.0 in) missile-launching main gun, designed to fire the MGM-51 Shillelagh anti-tank missile. However, the German Army was interested in a tank gun which could fire conventional ammunition. Although there were attempts to modify the 152-millimeter (6.0 in) tank gun to do so, the process proved extremely difficult, and the Germans began development of the future Rheinmetall 120 mm gun instead. In 1967, the German Ministry of Defense decided to re-open a Leopard 1 improvement program, known as the Vergoldeter Leopard ("Gilded Leopard"), later renamed the Keiler ("Wild Boar"). Krauss-Maffei was chosen as the contractor, and two prototypes were developed in 1969 and 1970. This program grew into the Leopard 2; the first prototype of the new tank was delivered in 1972, equipped with a 105-millimeter (4.1 in) smoothbore main gun. Between 1972 and 1975, a total of 17 prototypes were developed. The new 120 mm gun's ten-year development effort, which had begun in 1964, ended in 1974. Ten of the 17 turrets built were equipped with the 105 mm smoothbore gun, and the other seven were equipped with the larger 120 mm gun. Another program aimed to mount the 152-millimeter (6.0 in) missile-gun was also developed in an attempt to save components from the MBT-70, but in 1971 the program was ended for economic reasons. Instead, the Germans opted for Rheinmetall's 120 mm L/44 smoothbore tank gun. - Design Features/Variants: Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has a caliber of 120 mm, and a length of 44 calibers (5.28 meters (17.3 ft)). The gun's barrel weighs 1,190 kilograms (2,620 lb), and on the M1 Abrams the gun mount weighs 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb), while the new barrel (L/55) is 55 calibers long, 1.30 meters (4.3 ft) longer. The bore evacuator and the gun's thermal sleeve, designed to regulate the temperature of the barrel, are made of glass-reinforced plastic, while the barrel has a chrome lining to increase barrel life. Originally the gun had an EFC barrel life of ~1,500 rounds, but with recent advances in propellant technology the average life has increased even further. The gun's recoil mechanism is composed of two hydraulic retarders and a hydropneumatic assembly. Rheinmetall L/44 120mm Production of the German Leopard 2 and the new 120 mm tank gun began in 1979, fulfilling an order for the German Army. Although the American M1 Abrams was originally armed with the M68A1 105 mm gun (a version of the L7), the United States Army had planned to fit the tank with a larger main gun at a later date, and the tank's turret had been designed to accommodate a larger 120 mm gun. The larger gun was integrated into the M1A1 Abrams, with the first vehicle coming off the production line in 1985. The gun, known as the M256, was based on the L/44 tank gun, although manufactured at Watervliet Arsenal and modified to increase the resistance of the barrels to fracture and fatigue. Tanks armed with versions of Rheinmetall's gun produced under licence include Japan's Type 90 and South Korea's K1A1. The gun had made a huge turn in technological history. Rheinmetall L/55 120mm The appearance of new Soviet tanks such as the T-80B during the late 1970s and early 1980s demanded the development of new technologies and weapons to counter the threat posed to Western armor. The T-80B had increased firepower and a new composite ceramic armor. The T-72 also went through a modernization program in an attempt to bring it up to the standards of the T-80B. In 1985 the new T-72B version entered production, with a new laminate armor protection system; its turret armor, designed primarily to defeat anti-tank missiles, surpassed the T-80B's in protection. The German government began the development of the Leopard 3, although this was canceled after the fall of the Soviet Union. On 29 October 1991, the governments of Switzerland, the Netherlands and Germany agreed to cooperate in the development of a modernization program for the Leopard 2. Part of this program included the introduction of a longer 120 mm tank gun, a cheaper alternative to a brand new tank gun, increasing the maximum range of the gun by an estimated 1,500 m (1,600 yd). Although the gun is longer, allowing for a higher 580 MPa (84,122 psi) peak pressure from the propellant, the geometry remains the same, allowing the gun to fire the same ammunition as that fired from the shorter version. The longer barrel allows ammunition to attain higher velocities; for example, with new kinetic energy penetrators ammunition can reach velocities of around 1,800 m/s (5,900 ft/s). The new barrel weighs 1,347 kg (2,970 lb). The longer tank gun has been retrofitted into the Leopard 2, creating a model known as the Leopard 2A6. Both the Spanish Leopard 2E and the Greek Leopard 2HEL, as derivatives of the Leopard 2A6, use the 55 caliber-long tank gun. Rheinmetall 130 mm Gun Rheinmetall introduced a larger 130 mm tank gun at Eurosatory 2016 in June 2016. Development commenced in 2015, financed entirely using internal funding, as a response to the Russian introduction of new generation armored vehicles like the T-14 Armata tank, and the first technical demonstrator (TD) was completed in May 2016. The new 130 mm gun has an L/51 chrome-lined smoothbore barrel with a vertical sliding breech mechanism, increased chamber volume, no muzzle brake, a thermal sleeve, and a muzzle reference system (MRS) enabling it to be bore sighted on a more regular basis without the crew needing to leave the platform. Compared to the 2700 kg 120 mm gun, the 130 mm has a 1,400 kg (3,100 lb) barrel and an all-up weight of 3000 kg including the recoil system. Rheinmetall is developing a new generation APFSDS round featuring a semi-combustible cartridge case, new propellant, and new advanced long rod tungsten penetrator as well as a high-explosive air-bursting munition (HE ABM) based on the 120 mm DM11 HE ABM in parallel with the gun; the cartridges are 30 kg (66 lb) and 1.3 m (4.3 ft) long that, according to the company, with the increase of 8% in caliber results in 50% more kinetic energy over the 120 mm gun. Engineers believe the weapon can only be used with an automatic loader and new turret design. The gun commenced static firing trials at Rheinmetall's proving ground following Eurosatory, while engineers hope to receive a new NATO standard by the end of 2016, although development of the gun and ammunition will likely take 8–10 years. The 130 mm is designed to equip the Main Ground Combat System (MGCS), a joint effort between Germany and France to produce a successor to the Leopard 2 and Leclerc, possibly to be launched between 2025-2030. - Ammunition: A variety of rounds have been developed for Rheinmetall's tank gun. For example, a long line of armor-piercing discarding sabot (APDS) rounds was developed by Rheinmetall. Originally, the Leopard 2 was outfitted with the DM23 kinetic energy penetrator, based on the Israeli M111 Hetz. The DM23 was eventually replaced by the DM33, which was also adopted by Japan, Italy, Netherlands and Switzerland. The DM33 has a three-part aluminum sabot and a two-part tungsten penetrator, and is said to be able to penetrate 560 millimeters (22 in) of steel armor at a range of 2,000 meters (2,200 yd). The DM43 is a further development of this round, co-developed between Germany and France. The introduction of the longer barrel came hand in hand with the introduction of a new kinetic energy penetrator, the DM53. With the projectile including sabot weighing in at 8.35 kilograms with a 38:1 length to diameter ratio and with a muzzle velocity of 1,750 meters per second (5,700 ft/s), the DM53 has an effective engagement range of up to 4,000 meters (4,400 yd). A further development, called the DM63, improved upon the round by introducing a new temperature-independent propellant, which allows the propellant to have a constant pattern of expansion between ambient temperatures inside the gun barrel from −47 °C (−53 °F) to +71 °C (160 °F). The new propellant powders, known as surface-coated double-base (SCDB) propellants, allow the DM63 to be used in many climates with consistent results. The new ammunition has been accepted into service with the Dutch and Swiss, as well as German, armies. The United States developed its own kinetic energy penetrator (KEP) tank round in the form of an Armor-Piercing Fin-Stabilized Discarding-Sabot (APFSDS) round, using a depleted uranium (DU) alloy long-rod penetrator (LRP), designated as the M829, followed by improved versions. An immediate improvement, known as the M829A1, was called the "Silver Bullet" after its good combat performance during the Gulf War against Iraqi T-55's, T-62's and T-72 tanks. The M829 series centers around the depleted uranium penetrator, designed to penetrate enemy armor through kinetic energy and to shatter inside the turret, doing much damage within the tank. In 1998, the United States military introduced the M829A2, which has an improved depleted uranium penetrator and composite sabot petals. In 2002, production began of the ($10,000 per round) M829A3 using a more efficient propellant (RPD-380 stick), a lighter injection-molded sabot, and a longer (800mm) and heavier (10 kg / 22 lb) DU penetrator, which is said to be able to defeat the latest versions of Russian Kontakt-5 explosive reactive armor (ERA). This variant is unofficially referred to by Abrams tank crews as the "super sabot". In response to the M829A3, the Russian army designed Relikt, the most modern Russian ERA, which is claimed to be twice as effective as Kontakt-5. A further improved M829E4 round with a segmented penetrator to defeat Relikt has been under development since 2011 and was to be fielded as the M829A4 in 2015. Both Germany and the United States have developed several other rounds. These include the German DM12 multi-purpose anti-tank projectile (MPAT), based on the technology in a high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead. However, it has been found that the DM12's armor-killing abilities are limited by the lack of blast and fragmentation effects, and that the round is less valuable against lightly armored targets. The United States also has a MPAT type projectile, known as the M830. This was later developed into the M830A1, which allows the M1 Abrams to use the round against helicopters. The M1 Abrams can use the M1028 canister round, which is an anti-personnel/anti-helicopter munition, packed with over 1,000 tungsten balls. The United States Armed Forces accepted a new demolition round, called the M908 Obstacle Defeating Round, based on the M830A1 MPAT, but with the proximity fuse replaced by a hardened nose cap. The cap allows the round to impact and embed itself in concrete, then exploding inside the target and causing more damage. The Israeli Army introduced a new round known as the Laser Homing Anti-Tank (LAHAT) projectile (see on the right). Using a semi-active laser homing guidance method, the LAHAT can be guided by the tank's crew or by teams on the ground, while the missile's trajectory can be selected to either attack from the top (to defeat enemy armor) or direct attack (to engage enemy helicopters). Furthermore, the missile can be fired by both 105-millimeter (4.1 in) and 120 mm tank guns. The LAHAT has been offered as an option for the Leopard 2, and has been marketed by both Israel Military Industries and Rheinmetall to Leopard 2 users. Israeli Merkavas make use of a round known as the APAM, which is an anti-personnel munition designed to release fragmentation at controlled intervals to limit the extent of damage. Fragments are shaped to have enough kinetic energy to penetrate body armor. Poland has introduced a series of projectiles for Rheinmetall's tank gun, including an armor-piercing penetrator target practice round (APFSDS-T-TP), a high-explosive round, and a high-explosive target practice (HE-TP) projectile. The ammunition is manufactured by Zakłady Produkcji Specjalnej Sp. z o.o. - Operators: Due to tank sales, Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has been manufactured for other nations. For example, the Leopard 2 armed with the 44 caliber long gun, has been sold to the Netherlands, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, Austria, Denmark, Finland, and other countries. Egypt had manufactured 700–800 M1A1 Abrams by 2005, and in 2008 requested permission to build another 125 tanks; their M256 main guns (the US version of the L/44) were manufactured by Watervliet Arsenal. The M1A1 has also been exported to Australia, while the M1A2 Abrams has been exported to Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. The American license-built M256 has also been offered by General Dynamics Land Systems as part of the M60-2000 Main Battle Tank which would upgrade older M60 Patton tanks to have capabilities of their M1A1 Abrams at a reduced cost, though the company has not yet found a buyer. The Leopard 2A6 and its longer L/55 main gun have been exported for use by the Canadian Army, and the Netherlands upgraded part of its original fleet of Leopard 2's with the more powerful armament. The British Army has tested Rheinmetall's longer gun, possibly looking to replace the current L30A1 120 mm L/55 rifled main gun on the Challenger 2. Two Challenger 2's were modified to undergo firing trials. Although South Korean K2 Black Panther is equipped with a L/55 main gun and shows similar characteristics as its German counterpart, it is indigenously developed by Agency for Defense Development and World Industries Ace Corporation (WIA), a Korea-based powertrain company affiliated with Hyundai Kia Motors Group. Tank Designer Country Gun Users Leopard 2 Krauss-Maffei Germany Rheinmetall 120 mm L/44 Austria, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Indonesia, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey "Obviously not this one above- " M1A1 Abrams General Dynamics Land Systems United States M256 (L/44) Australia, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia Type 90 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Japan Rheinmetall 120 mm L/44 K1A1 Hyundai Rotem South Korea KM256 C1 Ariete OTO Melara Italy Rheinmetall 120 mm L/44 Leopard 2A6 Krauss-Maffei Germany Rheinmetall 120 mm L/55 Canada, Finland, Greece, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain Altay (tank) Roketsan, Aselsan, Otokar, Hyundai Rotem, MKEK Turkey Rheinmetall 120 mm L/55 Turkey - Specifications: Type Smoothbore tank gun Place of origin Germany Service history In service 1979–present Used by see the operators section Production history Manufacturer Rheinmetall Specifications Weight 1,190 kg (2,620 lb) Gun barrel 3,317 kg (7,313 lb) Gun mount Length L/44: 5.28 m (17.3 ft) L/55: 6.6 m (22 ft) Barrel length 44–55 calibers Caliber 120 mm Muzzle velocity 1,580 to 1,750 m/s (5,200 to 5,700 ft/s) Effective firing range 4,000 meters (4,400 yd) with DM63 8,000 meters (8,700 yd) with LAHAT *Video Previews (Thanks to @Sausag3 from last posts and video links , being watching those lately): *Since its German-made Tank Gun, so putted in Leopard 2 reviews instead, from relevant sources. *And of course, my country Leopard in action Sources: wikipedia.com, tank-encyclopedia, military-today, army-recognition, Youtube-MatsimusGaming and many other sources Thank you all for reading, hope you guys enjoyed it. Feel free to give impressions, comments and suggestions right below! If there's an error above, please be understand and give corrections- - Inch
  25. NOTE: This is based on my previous post in Militaria section Hey, guys- This is InchPincherToo and you are about to read an article about Rheinmetall 120 mm Gun, which is one of the standard armaments of few Tanks in PR, such as German Krauss-Maffei Leopard series, U.S.A M1 Abrams series and also seems indirectly used to Israeli Merkava series of tanks as well-! This is just quite sick gun indeed, been widely used as main armaments of few tanks around the world and also have long past history within it-! The Rheinmetall 120 mm gun is a smoothbore tank gun designed and produced by the West German Rheinmetall-DeTec AGcompany, developed in response to Soviet advances in armor technology and development of new armored threats. Production began in 1974, with the first version of the gun, known as the L/44 as it was 44 calibers long, used on the German Leopard 2 tankand soon produced under license for the American M1A1 Abrams and other tanks. The American version, the M256, uses a coil spring recoil system instead of a hydraulic system. The 120-millimeter (4.7 in) gun has a length of 5.28 meters (17.3 ft), and the gun system weighs approximately 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb). By 1990, the L/44 was not considered powerful enough to deal with future Soviet armour, which stimulated an effort by Rheinmetallto develop a better main armament. This first involved a 140-millimeter (5.5 in) tank gun named Neue Panzerkanone 140 ("new tank gun 140"), but later turned into a compromise which led to the development of an advanced 120 mm gun, the L/55, based on the same internal geometry as the L/44 and installed in the same breech and mount. The L/55 is 1.32 meters (4.3 ft) longer, givingincreased muzzle velocity to ammunition fired through it. As the L/55 retains the same barrel geometry, it can fire the same ammunition as the L/44. This gun was retrofitted into German and Dutch Leopard 2's, and chosen as the main gun of the Spanish Leopard 2E and the GreekLeopard 2HEL. It was tested on the British Challenger 2 as a potential replacement for its current weapon, the rifled L30120 mm cannon. A variety of ammunition has been developed for use by tanks with guns based on Rheinmetall's original L/44 design. This includes a series of kinetic energy penetrators, such as the American M829 series, and high explosive anti-tank warheads. Recent ammunition includes a range of anti-personnel rounds and demolition munitions. The LAHAT, developed in Israel, is a gun-launched missilewhich has received interest from Germany and other Leopard 2 users, and is designed to defeat both land armour and combat helicopters. The Israelis also introduced a new anti-personnel munition which limits collateral damage by controlling the fragmentation of the projectile. - Background: Because of concerns about the inability of the 105-millimeter (4.1 in) L7 tank gun then in use across NATO forces to penetrate new Soviet armor, as proved in German tests on four T-62 Soviet tanks captured by Israel following the June 1967 Six Day War,Rheinmetall was paid for the development of a new tank gun, a project started in 1965, as the Bundeswehr felt a more powerful gun was needed for its new tanks. The first instance of a larger Soviet tank gun was witnessed on the chassis of a modified T-55 in1961. In 1965, the Soviet Union's T-62 made its first public appearance, armed with a 115-millimeter (4.5 in) smoothbore tank gun. The Soviet decision to increase the power of its tank's main armament had come when, in the early 1960s, an Iranian tank commander defected over the Soviet border in a brand-new M60 Patton tank, which was armed with the British Royal OrdnanceL7. Despite the introduction of the T-62, in 1969 their T-64 tank was rearmed with a new 125-millimeter (4.9 in) tank gun, while in1972 Nizhny Tagil began production of the T-72 tank, also armed with the 125-millimeter (4.9 in) gun. For example, at the fighting atSultan Yakoub, during the 1982 Lebanon War, the Israeli government claimed to have destroyed nine Syrian T-72's with the Merkava main battle tank, armed with an Israeli production version of the American M68 105-millimeter (4.1 in) tank gun(which in turn was based on the British L7). Whether or not true, the Soviets test-fired a number of Israeli M111 Hetz armor-piercing discarding sabot rounds at Kubinka, finding the 105-millimeter (4.1 in) round was able to perforate the T-72's sloped front section plate, but not it's turret armor. In response, the Soviets developed the T-72M1. This led Israel to opt for a 120 mm tank gun during the development process of the Merkava III main battle tank. This case is similar to the American decision to replace the M68 105-millimeter (4.1 in) tank gun with Rheinmetall's 120 mm gun in 1976; the introduction of the T-64A had raised the question within the armor community whether the new ammunition for the existing gun caliber could effectively deal with the new Soviet tank. In 1963, Germany and the United States had already embarked on a joint tank program, known as the MBT-70. The new tank carrieda three-man crew, with the driver in the turret, an automatic loader for the main gun, a 20-millimeter (0.79 in) autocannon as secondary armament, an active hydropneumatic suspension and spaced armour on the glacis plate and the front turret. The new tank concept also had improved armament, a 152-millimeter (6.0 in) missile-launching main gun, designed to fire the MGM-51 Shillelagh anti-tank missile. However, the German Army was interested in a tank gun which could fire conventional ammunition.Although there were attempts to modify the 152-millimeter (6.0 in) tank gun to do so, the process proved extremely difficult, and theGermans began development of the future Rheinmetall 120 mm gun instead. In 1967, the German Ministry of Defense decided to re-open a Leopard 1 improvement program, known as the Vergoldeter Leopard ("Gilded Leopard"), later renamed the Keiler ("Wild Boar"). Krauss-Maffei was chosen as the contractor, and two prototypes were developed in 1969 and 1970. This program grew into the Leopard 2; the first prototype of the new tank was delivered in 1972,equipped with a 105-millimeter (4.1 in) smoothbore main gun. Between 1972 and 1975, a total of 17 prototypes were developed.The new 120 mm gun's ten-year development effort, which had begun in 1964, ended in 1974. Ten of the 17 turrets built wereequipped with the 105 mm smoothbore gun, and the other seven were equipped with the larger 120 mm gun. Another program aimed to mount the 152-millimeter (6.0 in) missile-gun was also developed in an attempt to save components from the MBT-70, but in 1971 the program was ended for economic reasons. Instead, the Germans opted for Rheinmetall's 120 mm L/44 smoothbore tank gun. - Design Features/Variants: Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has a caliber of 120 mm, and a length of 44 calibers (5.28 meters (17.3 ft)). The gun's barrel weighs1,190 kilograms (2,620 lb), and on the M1 Abrams the gun mount weighs 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb), while the new barrel (L/55) is 55 calibers long, 1.30 meters (4.3 ft) longer. The bore evacuator and the gun's thermal sleeve, designed to regulate the temperature of the barrel, are made of glass-reinforced plastic, while the barrel has a chrome lining to increase barrel life. Originally the gun had anEFC barrel life of ~1,500 rounds, but with recent advances in propellant technology the average life has increased even further. The gun's recoil mechanism is composed of two hydraulic retarders and a hydropneumatic assembly. Rheinmetall L/44 120mm Production of the German Leopard 2 and the new 120 mm tank gun began in 1979, fulfilling an order for the German Army. Although the American M1 Abrams was originally armed with the M68A1 105 mm gun (a version of the L7), the United States Army had planned to fit the tank with a larger main gun at a later date, and the tank's turret had been designed to accommodate a larger 120 mm gun. The larger gun was integrated into the M1A1 Abrams, with the first vehicle coming off the production line in 1985. The gun, known as the M256, was based on the L/44 tank gun, although manufactured at Watervliet Arsenal and modified to increase the resistance of the barrels to fracture and fatigue. Tanks armed with versions of Rheinmetall's gun produced under licence include Japan's Type 90 and South Korea's K1A1. The gun had made a huge turn in technological history. Rheinmetall L/55 120mm The appearance of new Soviet tanks such as the T-80B during the late 1970s and early 1980s demanded the development of new technologies and weapons to counter the threat posed to Western armor. The T-80B had increased firepower and a new composite ceramic armor. The T-72 also went through a modernization program in an attempt to bring it up to the standards of the T-80B. In 1985 the new T-72B version entered production, with a new laminate armor protection system; its turret armor, designed primarily to defeat anti-tank missiles, surpassed the T-80B's in protection. The German government began the development of the Leopard 3, although this was canceled after the fall of the Soviet Union. On 29 October 1991, the governments of Switzerland, the Netherlands and Germany agreed to cooperate in the development of a modernization program for the Leopard 2. Part of this program included the introduction of a longer 120 mm tank gun, a cheaper alternative to a brand new tank gun, increasing the maximum range of the gun by an estimated 1,500 m (1,600 yd). Although the gun is longer, allowing for a higher 580 MPa (84,122 psi) peak pressure from the propellant, the geometry remains the same, allowing the gun to fire the same ammunition as that fired from the shorter version. The longer barrel allows ammunition to attain higher velocities; for example, with new kinetic energy penetrators ammunition can reach velocities of around 1,800 m/s (5,900 ft/s). The new barrel weighs 1,347 kg (2,970 lb). The longer tank gun has been retrofitted into the Leopard 2, creating a model known as the Leopard 2A6. Both the Spanish Leopard 2E and the Greek Leopard 2HEL, as derivatives of the Leopard 2A6, use the 55 caliber-long tank gun. Rheinmetall 130 mm Gun Rheinmetall introduced a larger 130 mm tank gun at Eurosatory 2016 in June 2016. Development commenced in 2015, financed entirely using internal funding, as a response to the Russian introduction of new generation armored vehicles like the T-14 Armata tank, and the first technical demonstrator (TD) was completed in May 2016. The new 130 mm gun has an L/51 chrome-lined smoothbore barrel with a vertical sliding breech mechanism, increased chamber volume, no muzzle brake, a thermal sleeve, and a muzzle reference system (MRS) enabling it to be bore sighted on a more regular basis without the crew needing to leave the platform. Compared to the 2700 kg 120 mm gun, the 130 mm has a 1,400 kg (3,100 lb) barrel and an all-up weight of 3000 kg including the recoil system. Rheinmetall is developing a new generation APFSDS round featuring a semi-combustible cartridge case, new propellant, and new advanced long rod tungsten penetrator as well as a high-explosive air-bursting munition (HE ABM) based on the 120 mm DM11 HE ABM in parallel with the gun; the cartridges are 30 kg (66 lb) and 1.3 m (4.3 ft) long that, according to the company, with the increase of 8% in caliber results in 50% more kinetic energy over the 120 mm gun. Engineers believe the weapon can only be used with an automatic loader and new turret design. The gun commenced static firing trials at Rheinmetall's proving ground following Eurosatory, while engineers hope to receive a new NATO standard by the end of 2016, although development of the gun and ammunition will likely take 8–10 years. The 130 mm is designed to equip the Main Ground Combat System (MGCS), a joint effort between Germany and France to produce a successor to the Leopard 2 and Leclerc, possibly to be launched between 2025-2030. - Ammunition: A variety of rounds have been developed for Rheinmetall's tank gun. For example, a long line of armor-piercing discarding sabot (APDS) rounds was developed by Rheinmetall. Originally, the Leopard 2 was outfitted with the DM23 kinetic energy penetrator, based on the Israeli M111 Hetz. The DM23 was eventually replaced by the DM33, which was also adopted by Japan, Italy, Netherlands and Switzerland. The DM33 has a three-part aluminum sabot and a two-part tungsten penetrator, and is said to be able to penetrate 560 millimeters (22 in) of steel armor at a range of 2,000 meters (2,200 yd). The DM43 is a further development of this round, co-developed between Germany and France. The introduction of the longer barrel came hand in hand with the introduction of a new kinetic energy penetrator, the DM53. With the projectile including sabot weighing in at 8.35 kilograms with a 38:1 length to diameter ratio and with a muzzle velocity of 1,750 meters per second (5,700 ft/s), the DM53 has an effective engagement range of up to 4,000 meters (4,400 yd). A further development, called the DM63, improved upon the round by introducing a new temperature-independent propellant, which allows the propellant to have a constant pattern of expansion between ambient temperatures inside the gun barrel from −47 °C (−53 °F) to +71 °C (160 °F). The new propellant powders, known as surface-coated double-base (SCDB) propellants, allow the DM63 to be used in many climates with consistent results. The new ammunition has been accepted into service with the Dutch and Swiss, as well as German, armies. The United States developed its own kinetic energy penetrator (KEP) tank round in the form of an Armor-Piercing Fin-Stabilized Discarding-Sabot (APFSDS) round, using a depleted uranium (DU) alloy long-rod penetrator (LRP), designated as the M829, followed by improved versions. An immediate improvement, known as the M829A1, was called the "Silver Bullet" after its good combat performance during the Gulf War against Iraqi T-55's, T-62's and T-72 tanks. The M829 series centers around the depleted uranium penetrator, designed to penetrate enemy armor through kinetic energy and to shatter inside the turret, doing much damage within the tank. In 1998, the United States military introduced the M829A2, which has an improved depleted uranium penetrator and composite sabot petals. In 2002, production began of the ($10,000 per round) M829A3 using a more efficient propellant (RPD-380 stick), a lighter injection-molded sabot, and a longer (800mm) and heavier (10 kg / 22 lb) DU penetrator, which is said to be able to defeat the latest versions of Russian Kontakt-5 explosive reactive armor (ERA). This variant is unofficially referred to by Abrams tank crews as the "super sabot". In response to the M829A3, the Russian army designed Relikt, the most modern Russian ERA, which is claimed to be twice as effective as Kontakt-5. A further improved M829E4 round with a segmented penetrator to defeat Relikt has been under development since 2011 and was to be fielded as the M829A4 in 2015. Both Germany and the United States have developed several other rounds. These include the German DM12 multi-purpose anti-tank projectile (MPAT), based on the technology in a high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead. However, it has been found that the DM12's armor-killing abilities are limited by the lack of blast and fragmentation effects, and that the round is less valuable against lightly armored targets. The United States also has a MPAT type projectile, known as the M830. This was later developed into the M830A1, which allows the M1 Abrams to use the round against helicopters. The M1 Abrams can use the M1028 canister round, which is an anti-personnel/anti-helicopter munition, packed with over 1,000 tungsten balls. The United States Armed Forces accepted a new demolition round, called the M908 Obstacle Defeating Round, based on the M830A1 MPAT, but with the proximity fuse replaced by a hardened nose cap. The cap allows the round to impact and embed itself in concrete, then exploding inside the target and causing more damage. The Israeli Army introduced a new round known as the Laser Homing Anti-Tank (LAHAT) projectile (see on the right). Using a semi-active laser homing guidance method, the LAHAT can be guided by the tank's crew or by teams on the ground, while the missile's trajectory can be selected to either attack from the top (to defeat enemy armor) or direct attack (to engage enemy helicopters). Furthermore, the missile can be fired by both 105-millimeter (4.1 in) and 120 mm tank guns. The LAHAT has been offered as an option for the Leopard 2, and has been marketed by both Israel Military Industries and Rheinmetall to Leopard 2 users. Israeli Merkavas make use of a round known as the APAM, which is an anti-personnel munition designed to release fragmentation at controlled intervals to limit the extent of damage. Fragments are shaped to have enough kinetic energy to penetrate body armor. Poland has introduced a series of projectiles for Rheinmetall's tank gun, including an armor-piercing penetrator target practice round (APFSDS-T-TP), a high-explosive round, and a high-explosive target practice (HE-TP) projectile. The ammunition is manufactured by Zakłady Produkcji Specjalnej Sp. z o.o. - Operators: Due to tank sales, Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has been manufactured for other nations. For example, the Leopard 2 armed with the 44 caliber long gun, has been sold to the Netherlands, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, Austria, Denmark, Finland, and other countries. Egypt had manufactured 700–800 M1A1 Abrams by 2005, and in 2008 requested permission to build another 125 tanks; their M256 main guns (the US version of the L/44) were manufactured by Watervliet Arsenal. The M1A1 has also been exported to Australia, while the M1A2 Abrams has been exported to Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. The American license-built M256 has also been offered by General Dynamics Land Systems as part of the M60-2000 Main Battle Tank which would upgrade older M60 Patton tanks to have capabilities of their M1A1 Abrams at a reduced cost, though the company has not yet found a buyer. The Leopard 2A6 and its longer L/55 main gun have been exported for use by the Canadian Army, and the Netherlands upgraded part of its original fleet of Leopard 2's with the more powerful armament. The British Army has tested Rheinmetall's longer gun, possibly looking to replace the current L30A1 120 mm L/55 rifled main gun on the Challenger 2. Two Challenger 2's were modified to undergo firing trials. Although South Korean K2 Black Panther is equipped with a L/55 main gun and shows similar characteristics as its German counterpart, it is indigenously developed by Agency for Defense Development and World Industries Ace Corporation (WIA), a Korea-based powertrain company affiliated with Hyundai Kia Motors Group. Tank Designer Country Gun Users Leopard 2 Krauss-Maffei Germany Rheinmetall 120 mm L/44 Austria, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Indonesia, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey "Obviously not this one above- " M1A1 Abrams General Dynamics Land Systems United States M256 (L/44) Australia, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia Type 90 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Japan Rheinmetall 120 mm L/44 K1A1 Hyundai Rotem South Korea KM256 C1 Ariete OTO Melara Italy Rheinmetall 120 mm L/44 Leopard 2A6 Krauss-Maffei Germany Rheinmetall 120 mm L/55 Canada, Finland, Greece, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain Altay (tank) Roketsan, Aselsan, Otokar, Hyundai Rotem, MKEK Turkey Rheinmetall 120 mm L/55 Turkey - Specifications: Type Smoothbore tank gun Place of origin Germany Service history In service 1979–present Used by see the operators section Production history Manufacturer Rheinmetall Specifications Weight 1,190 kg (2,620 lb) Gun barrel 3,317 kg (7,313 lb) Gun mount Length L/44: 5.28 m (17.3 ft) L/55: 6.6 m (22 ft) Barrel length 44–55 calibers Caliber 120 mm Muzzle velocity 1,580 to 1,750 m/s (5,200 to 5,700 ft/s) Effective firing range 4,000 meters (4,400 yd) with DM63 8,000 meters (8,700 yd) with LAHAT *Video Previews (Thanks to @Sausag3 from last posts and video links , being watching those lately): *Since its German-made Tank Gun, so putted in Leopard 2 reviews instead, from relevant sources. *And of course, my country Leopard in action Sources: wikipedia.com, tank-encyclopedia, military-today, army-recognition, Youtube-MatsimusGaming and many other sources Thank you all for reading, hope you guys enjoyed it. Feel free to give impressions, comments and suggestions right below! If there's an error above, please be understand and give corrections- - Inch
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