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  1. NOTE: This is based on my previous post in Militaria section Q: What is this again? A: Is about the one and only "Beast" of automatic cannon, the 30mm Shipunov 2A42-! Q: Is that also available in PR? A: Hell YES! Basically as main platform turret of BMP-2, BMP-3 and also in gunner seats in Russian-made Attack Choppers, Mil Mi-28 'Havoc' The 30 mm automatic cannon 2A42, also known as the Shipunov 2A42, is a Soviet/Russian 30 mm automatic cannon. It is built by the Tulamashzavod Joint Stock Company. - Teh Design: The 30 mm 2A42 cannon has a dual feed. One is for HE-T and the other for AP-T rounds. The gunner can select one of two rates of full automatic fire, low at 200 to 300 rds/min and high at 550 to 800 rds/min. According to the manufacturer, effective range when engaging ground targets such as light armoured vehicles is 1,500 m while soft-skinned targets can be engaged out to 4,000 m. Air targets can be engaged flying at low altitudes of up to 2,000 m at subsonic speeds and up to a slant range of 2,500 m. In addition to being installed in a two-person turret on the BMP-2 mechanised infantry combat vehicle, this gun is also fitted in the BMD-2 airborne combat vehicle, BMD-3 airborne combat vehicle and BTR-90 (or GAZ-5923) 8×8 armoured personnel carrier. A small number of these have now entered service. More recently, the 30 mm 2A42 cannon has been installed in a new turret and fitted onto the roof of the BTR-T heavy armoured personnel carrier based on a modified T-54/T-55 MBT chassis. The cannon is also the main armament of BMPT (Tank Support Fighting Vehicle). It is also used for various armament projects from various manufacturers. The design bureau for the 30 mm 2A42 cannon is the KBP Instrument Design Bureau. The 2A42 autocannon has also been used on the Bumerang-BM, an unmanned remote control turret on the Kurganets-25 and T-15 Armata. - Teh Ammunition: The 2A42 fires 30x165 ammunition, a cartridge introduced in the 1970s in the Soviet Union to replace previous 30 mm autocannon cartridges. Other weapons using this size of cartridge case include the 2A38 and 2A72 autocannons for various vehicle, helicopter and air defence applications, as well as numerous single-, dual- and six-barrel naval and air force cannons. The 2A42, 2A38 and 2A72fire percussion-primed ammunition; the naval and aerial cannons use electrical priming, and therefore their ammunition is not interchangeable with the land-based ammunition types, despite the same cartridge case size. Originally three basic types of ammunition were developed in the Soviet Union for the land-based weapons: high-explosive incendiary, high-explosive fragmentation with tracer, and an armour-piercing ballistic capped with tracer. Later a sub-caliber armour-piercing round was introduced, and today also countries other than Soviet Union/Russia manufacture 30 x 165 percussion-primed ammunition. The main types of ammunition are: - 3UOF8 HEI ( High Explosive Incendiary ) - 3UOR6 HE-T ( High Explosive - Tracer ) - 3UBR6 APBC-T ( Armor Piercing Ballistic Capped - Tracer ) - 3UBR8 APDS ( Armor Piercing Discharging Sabot ) - Teh Platforms: The autocannon has been used since the 1980s on the following platforms: *Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFV): - BM-2T Stalker (Belarusian-made BMP) - BMP-2 (Mid-Generation of Russian Amphibious IFV, still used along with BMP-3 and widely used by Middle, Eastern Countries) - BMP-3 (Current generation of Russian Amphibious IFV) - BMD-2 (Airborne Version of BMP-2) - BMD-3 (Airborne Version of BMP-3) - BTR-80A (Improvement of BTR-80 from BPU-1 KPVT 14.5mm HMG to BPPU 30mm 2A72) - BTR-82A (Improvement of BTR-80A) - BTR-90 (Russian BTR-80 replacement who's never showed up in-game, in BF2 does) - BTR-T (Russian T-55 Tank based Heavy IFV) - BMPT 'Terminator' (Russian T-72 Tank based Armored Fighting Vehicle, being abandoned in favor of Armata Universal Combat Platform project) - Fahd 280-30 (Egyptian-made IFV based on original Fahd 4x4 APC) - MT-LB 6MB (So-called 'Beast' title, currently in PR ) - Boragh (Iranian Upgraded version of Chinese Type 86 IFV) - T-15 Armata (Next-generation of Russian Heavy IFV, part of Armata Universal Combat Platform project) - Kurganets-25 (Next-generation of Russian Medium APC-IFV, a lighter version of T-15 Armata, this is also part of the project) - Lazar 3 (Serbian-made AFV/MRAV, from Lazar armored vehicles family) *Attack Helicopters: - Mil Mi-28 'Havoc' - Kamov Ka-50 'Black Shark' - Kamov Ka-52 'Alligator' - Kamov Ka-29 'Helix-A' - Similar 30 mm Autocannons: The 2A72 30mm autocannon, designed by KBP Instrument Design Bureau, is a lighter, less complex cousin of the 2A42. While the latter has 578 parts, 2A72 has only 349 parts, allowing it to weigh only 84 kg.Its rate of fire is 400 rd/min. The 2A38 is a 30mm twin-barrel autocannon. It is mainly used on air defense vehicles like 2K22 Tunguska and Pantsir-S1. It weighs 195 kg and has a maximum rate of fire of 2500 rd/min. - Teh Specifications and Variants: Type Autocannon Place of origin Soviet Union Service history In service 1980 Used by Russia Production history Designer KBP Designed 1970s Manufacturer Tula Machine-Building Plant Produced 1980 Variants 2А72 Specifications Weight 115 kilograms (254 lb) Length 3.027 m (9 ft 11.2 in) Barrel length 2,416 millimetres (95.1 in)[1] Cartridge 30 × 165 Caliber 30 mm Barrels 1 Action Gas-operated Rate of fire 200 to 300 rds/min (low) 550 rds/min (high)[2] Effective firing range 4,000 metres (4,400 yd) Feed system Twin feed - Barrels: 1 - Length: 3,027 mm - Weight: 115 kg - Effective range - Light armor: 1,500 m - Air targets: 2,000 m - Ground: 4,000 m - Type: Twin feed, gas operated mechanism - Calibre: 30 × 165 mm - Ammunition: APDS, AP-T, HE, HEI, HE-T, HETP-T, TP - Variants: 2A42, 2A72, ABM M30-M3 (Modern platform made in Sevastopol Impuls 2, for Uran-9 or different armored vehicles) and also Cobra (overhead-mount modular one-man operated turret version of 2A42, explained here) Hope that helps someone who doesn't really familiar with the guns in PR. Thanks for reading-! Source: Wikipedia, tank-encyclopedia, military-today.com and many other sources Regards, InchPincherToo
  2. Hey guys, it's been a long time no see around. Finally i had encourage myself to write down some military things again, quite a challenge to be honest. I've been busy most of my time, but now i have time and hopefully this not going to be the last. Today we'll be talking about the KTO Rosomak, the Polish 8x8 wheeled armored personnel carrier for Polish Land Forces that also appear in Project Reality for Polish faction. Let's get into it! - What is KTO Rosomak? Why did it exist? The KTO Rosomak (Kołowy Transporter Opancerzony Rosomak or in Polish lit. wheeled armored personnel carrier Wolverine) is an 8×8 multi-role military vehicle produced by Rosomak S.A. (formerly Wojskowe Zakłady Mechaniczne) in Siemianowice Śląskie (Upper Silesia), a Polish Armaments Group company. The vehicle is a licensed variant of Patria's armored modular vehicle. The vehicle were produced in many versions and successively modified in Poland based on the licensed base version of the Patria AMV XC-360P vehicle, designed by the Finnish company Patria. It is in service with the Polish Armed Forces. In the basic version, it is armed with a 30mm autocannon in the OTO-Melara HITFIST turret. Base vehicle without the turret installed, note on how flat the upper part of the vehicle and missing smoke dischargers. - History of the vehicle, what's the APC made for? Designed to meet Polish criteria, including the buoyancy requirement, by the Finnish company Patria Vehicles, under the name Patria AMV (Armored Modular Vehicle). In December 2002, the construction was selected by Poland in a tender for wheeled armored personnel carriers. It was assumed that the basic version would be armed with an automatic cannon, being in fact an infantry fighting vehicle according to international agreements. The new APC were to replace the obsolete Czech OT-64 SKOT APC's and partially the BWP-1 IFV currently in service with the Polish Land Forces. The name "Rosomak" or "Wolverine" was chosen in a competition organized by the monthly magazine, Nowa Technika Wojskowa. The old but gold, Polish OT-64 SKOT armored personnel carrier and BWP-1 infantry fighting vehicle. In December 2002, the Polish Ministry of National Defense signed a contract to buy 690 Patria AMV vehicles, to be manufactured in Poland. The main competitors of the AMV were the MOWAG Piranha and Steyr Pandur. As part of the initial order, 690 vehicles were to be delivered in two basic variants: 313 combat IFVs and 377 transport-special base vehicles. In October 2013 the order increased to 997 for delivery between 2014 and 2019. The competitors of Polish APC program, from left to right: Patria AMV from Finland (winner), MOWAG Piranha IV/V from Switzerland and Steyr Pandur II from Austria. The contract for the supply of KTO Rosomak (a variant of the AMV XC-360P) in the years 2004-2013 was signed on April 15, 2003. 600 of the 690 ordered vehicles were produced in Wojskowe Zakłady Mechaniczne in Siemianowice Śląskie. The Ministry of National Defense was to pay almost 5 billion PLN (new Zloty, Polish monetary unit) for the delivery of 690 Rosomak armored personnel carriers in the years 2005–2012. This amount included the cost of 313 OTO-Melara HITFIST-30P (30 mm) turrets from Italy, for 308 million USD (including 241 ones that are license-produced in Poland). The actual cost turned out to be higher due to unplanned armor reinforcement and other modifications necessary mainly for Polish military contingents. The value of the HITFIST-30P turret supplied by Bumar is 53% of the value of the vehicle, and the price of a single vehicle was approximately 10 million PLN. Patria AMV XC-360, tested in a field. Soon it renamed into XC-360P for Polish Armed Forces adoption and earned the nickname "Rosomak" or "Wolverine". Note the Remote Weapon System mounted on top, could be what we would saw of cancelled Rosomak-1 with RWS module. By the decision of the Chief of the General Staff of the Polish Armed Forces of December 31, 2004, the vehicle was accepted for armament. The first KTO Rosomak, made in 2004, were handed over to the Army on January 8, 2005 (three in the combat version with the HITFIST-30P turret and 6 basic without armament). In addition to these, in 2005, 82 Rosomaks were delivered to the Army, including 42 base chassis, and in 2006, 39 vehicles (only base chassis). The model became copy No. 41, on which minor corrections required by the Army were introduced. Ultimately, on the basis of the first contract, the Army received a total of 570 vehicles, including 359 in the IFV version. The initial plans assumed the order of 690 vehicles, including: 313 Rosomak armored personnel carriers with a HITFIST-30P turret (for Infantry Fighting Vehicle or IFV role) 125 Rosomak-1 armored personnel carriers with a machine gun (possibly with mounted UKM, NSW, WKM-B in NATO 50 Cal. or automatic grenade launchers, such as Mk. 19 etc.) 78 command vehicles 41 medical evacuation vehicles 34 technical assistance vehicles 32 reconnaissance vehicles (6×6) 23 artillery vehicles 22 engineering vehicles 17 chemical reconnaissance vehicles 5 engineering reconnaissance vehicles KTO Rosomak and Rosomak-1 APC's. Although Rosomak-1 didn't enter service in the Army, the successor Rosomak-M2 and M3 did enter, deployed and serve in Afghanistan. At the same time, the Rosomak-1 APC and specialized versions were to be armed with a remotely controlled module with a 12.7 mm machine gun (249 vehicles in total), while 89 out of 313 HITFIST-30P turrets were to be integrated with Spike-LR anti-tank missile launchers. For a long time, other versions were not yet ready and the only variant actually produced was the Rosomak IFV with the HITFIST-30P turret and unarmed base chassis, mostly stored and awaiting selection of armament and equipment. In 2007, the 6×6 armored personnel carriers were abandoned, and it was decided to base the Rosomak R1/R2 reconnaissance vehicle on the construction of an eight-wheeled infantry fighting vehicle. Finally, it was decided to use some of the basic chassis to develop a transport variant for two sections of Spike missiles (27) and a medical evacuation vehicle (33). Several more chassis were handed over to construct prototypes for other variants. As a result, in 2008, the Army received 27 Rosomak S APC, easily adapted to transport Spike ATGM sections, and the first 6 Rosomak WEM medical evacuation vehicles with a raised superstructure in the rear part. The next Rosomak WEM's, delivered from 2009, differed in the target wider form of the superstructure, providing more space. In 2007, due to the involvement in peacekeeping missions, some of the basic vehicles were used to create a previously unforeseen logistics and transport variant, equipped with an open firing position with a cupola, shielded around. The first version, intended for the Chad contingent, had a lighter OSS-M (sort of open turret, light version) and 6 of them were built in the first half of 2008. The second version, intended for Afghanistan, had a heavier OSS-D (manufacturer's designation: M3) that are better protected. The first batch of 10 units was completed at the end of 2008, and further 11 are planned for the following year. These vehicles also received additional armor. In addition to the rebuilt, in 2008 the Army received 46 new combat Rosomaks. In 2012, a prototype version with a self-propelled Rak mortar was presented for the first time. The interior of Rosomak-WEM. In July 2013, Patria Land Service extended the license free of charge for another 10 years, recognizing the right to further Polish construction changes and exports as well as repairs for 40 years. Since 2013, the manufacturer has offered better armor for Rosomak, based on nanotechnology. In the same year, the delivery of another 307 vehicles was contracted. A total of 298 Rosomak chassis have been delivered under this contract by 2020. In 2015, the manufacturer and the Finnish side presented two more vehicles: Polish Rosomak M, with increased buoyancy the Finnish-Polish Rosomak XP, larger than its predecessors. They were created with the use of components and the sum of experience gained during the construction and use of the Rosomak. The improved armor was developed in cooperation with IBD Deisenroth Engineering. In the same year, the manufacturer offered a version with a built-in 120 mm automatic mortar, presented as the Wilk fire support vehicle. Rosomak-M and Rosomak-XP in a presentation. In 2007, WZM signed a contract for the production of five transporters for export in 2008 for Patria, which, after extending them by 35 cm (to the AMV 8×8, L version) and equipping them, was to deliver them to the United Arab Emirates. Export orders have been carried out since 2016 and driver training is also conducted in simulators. In April 2016, the Ministry of National Defense decided to start purchasing Rosomak-based Rak vehicles. From 2013, a version with a remotely controlled ZSSW-30 turret system, armed with a dual Spike LR ATGM launcher, a 30 mm caliber Bushmaster Mk. 44 S automatic cannon and a 7.62 mm caliber UKM-2000C coaxial machine gun, was developed by the HSW and WB Electronics consortium from 2013, at the request of the Army. A prototype of the turret was built in 2015; the program experienced delays for various reasons, but in 2020 the tower successfully passed military qualification tests. The turret is equipped with an automated fire control system by WB Electronics, Polish stabilized optoelectronic viewport GOD-1 (commander) and GOC-1 (gunner) by PCO, with thermal and television cameras and a laser rangefinder, and the SSP-1 Obra self-defense system with eight launchers of multispectral camouflage grenades. These turrets can also replace the older HITFIST-30P turrets, which are slightly lighter. The gun in the Bushmaster Mk. 44 S version allows the use of programmable ammunition. On July 5, 2022, the Ministry of National Defense signed a contract with the consortium worth about 1.7 billion PLN for the supply of 70 Rosomak wheeled IFVs equipped with ZSSW-30 turrets. They will be created from the reconstruction of the base vehicles, and the contract will be implemented in the years 2024-2027. However, due to the deterioration of the characteristics while sailing and the lack of an order for the manufacturer to improve this parameter, it was decided that the Rosomaks with the ZSSW-30 turret did not continue for production. In this version, they are equipped with six landing seats, including two on the starboard side. Possible earlier prototypes in presentation of KTO Rosomak Heavy IFV, with ZSSW-30 turret system with Spike ATGM's mounted on left side of the turret. In 2019, the Polish Army ordered two command vehicles (delivered in 2020), and eight more in 2020. In 2020, 60 base vehicles were also ordered to be converted to the Rosomak-S version for transporting Spike missiles. The license agreement for the production of vehicles was supposed to end in 2023, but at the end of September 2022 it was extended by an annex until the end of 2028. - Main body construction, how strong is the chassis? KTO Rosomak is built in an 8×8 system (with all-wheel drive). The combat Rosomak can carry 11 people (driver, commander, gunner and 8 passengers/troops). The hull is self-supporting, monocoque, welded from armor steel. Under the fuselage there is a suspension bracket in the form of a truss, to which suspension elements are attached, stiffening the structure. The interior of basic KTO Rosomak. Passenger seats are being folded. At the turn of 2005 and 2006, a gradual (although not complete) Polonization of Rosomak production was carried out. The first vehicles were mostly made in Finland and completed in Poland, and from Spring 2005 their hulls began to be welded at WZM. It was originally assumed that only 40 vehicles were to be of Finnish production, but the Polonization process was delayed and 9 vehicles were made in Finland in 2004 and 81 in 2005. On December 14, 2005, the first copy produced in Poland was presented. Initially, in 2005, 21% of the transporter's value came from Polish deliveries, in 2009 - 78%, and in 2011 - 94%. Chassis modules (frames with drive transmission) were initially manufactured in Finland, and from mid-2006 in Komas in Janów Lubelski (owned by the Finnish Komas Oy), using imported steel and components. Since 2009, armored steel has been supplied by HSW-Huta Stali Jakościowych SA from Stalowa Wola (earlier series of vehicles were made of imported steel). The bodies of the Rosomaks are welded from Armstal 500 (30PM) sheets with a hardness of 500HB (except for the floor from Armstal 450 sheets), external armor elements (in the floating version) are also made of Armstal 500 steel. Additional armor was made of Armstal 550 steel with a hardness of approx. 580HB. OTO-Melara HITFIST-30P turrets were initially imported complete from Italy, since 2007 they have been assembled by Bumar Łabędy, and as Polonization progresses, they have been produced there since 2010 (welded from aluminum). Closer interior view of KTO Rosomak, for gunner seat (left) and driver seat (right). The HITFIST-30P turret itself was made of armored aluminum and equipped with additional ceramic armor. The armament is controlled by a fire control system equipped with a DNRS-288 day/night sight, a 2nd generation TILDE FC thermal imaging camera and a laser rangefinder. Since 2016, thermal imaging cameras can be replaced during renovations with new Polish third-generation cameras KLW-1R by PCO. Additional equipment is a set of sensors of the SSP-1 Obra-3 system and a smoke grenade launcher. The curb weight of the turret is 2350 kg, and the combat weight is 2850 kg. The turret traverse is possible in the full range of 360 degrees, and the armament elevation angles are between -10 and +60 degrees. The stock of ready-to-use 30 mm ammunition is 220 rounds, another 250 rounds are stored in two magazines under the turret. The equipment includes Pimco's chemical and radioactive contamination detection system CHERDES I, and since 2009 CHERDES II. - Armor packages, what's the APC offers? Controversy after the choice of armored personnel carrier aroused the issue of its armor. The political and media debate on this subject led to the destruction of one copy of the vehicle during firing tests in Poland. However, the armoring of the vehicle is typical for armored personnel carriers of this weight category, with the requirement of buoyancy. The armor is modular and can be reinforced. The main layer of the self-supporting hull was made of 8 mm thick steel sheet. At a distance of 35 mm from the main armour, an outer armour, 6 mm thick, is mounted. It can be replaced - as in the Finnish prototype - with ceramics or a composite, thus improving the armor ballistic resistance, but sacrificing the buoyancy. The level of protection of the Rosomak against 14.5 mm rounds from the front and 7.62 mm from other directions is typical and does not differ from, for example, the Stryker vehicles used by the US Army or other similar vehicles. The basic version of the vehicle has ballistic protection of the hull in the front 120 degrees at level IV according to the NATO STANAG 4569 standard (against 14.5 mm caliber ammunition at a distance of 200 m), and in the remaining range at level III (against 7.62×54 mm at a distance of 30 m or a 155 mm round burst at a distance of 60 m). The HITFIST-30 turret is welded from 17 to 25 mm thick aluminum plates and protects against 12.7 mm rounds in the forward range of 120 degrees, and against 7.62 mm rounds in the remaining range. Resistance against explosives and mines is up to 6 kg of explosive. The interior of the vehicle is lined with an aramid spall lining. KTO Rosomak in Polish service. Standard armored personnel carrier for the Army. The Ministry of National Defense accepted the buoyancy requirement as a priority, except for the version intended for Afghanistan. For vehicles intended for the Polish contingent in Afghanistan, in mid-2007, sets of additional armor were purchased from the Israeli company Rafael, mounted on the side, rear and front surfaces of the upper plate, ensuring resistance above level IV of the STANAG 4569 standard. 56 of such sets were ordered, the first of which were assembled in field conditions in Afghanistan before the end of July this year. The assembly time of the set by trained personnel is approx. 4 hours. Rosomak M3 with OSS-D open turret. Also in service for Polish Army in Afghanistan. Since 2010, Rosomaks have received Polish secondary armour, manufactured at HSW-Huta Stali Jakościowych, along with lightweight anti-HEAT screens. The front upper hull plate was covered with a 130 mm thick composite module, made of several plates of different thickness and hardness, probably sandwiched with aramid and other materials, with air gaps, providing protection against HEAT warheads equivalent to 330 mm of armor (RHA), and taking into account the slope - about 500 mm. It should also provide resistance against e.g. the older 30 mm ammunition of the Russian 2A42 cannons (used e.g. in the BMP-2). The sides received 8 mm modules of two layers of 10 mm thick steel, separated by a 75 mm air gap, which provided protection according to STANAG level IV. The turret received 40 mm thick composite armor modules made of ceramic tiles on an aramid base, also raising the shield to level IV. The combat weight of the armored Rosomak does not exceed 26 tons. Possible Rosomak-M3 version in Polish service at Afghanistan with 3 soldiers carrying Beryl assault rifle. Note the OSS-D open turret (with no mounted gun). In the M3 version, the OSS-D open turret had Tier III armor. Together with the use of modern RPGNet mesh side screens with metal elements at the intersection of wires, the additional armor provided a very high level of protection against the most common HEAT rocket launchers. It is even estimated in the literature that the Rosomak was the best protected wheeled combat vehicle in the theater of operations in Afghanistan until the appearance of the heavier GTK Boxer APC's. Explosions of mines, as a rule, only led to the destruction of repairable suspension elements, while the loss of vehicles and crews was mainly caused by large gaps, against which there is no effective protection. Despite this, it is estimated that the Rosomak performed relatively well in terms of crew protection against fugas explosions. After the return of about 100 Rosomaks used there from Afghanistan, additional armor was dismantled during repairs, apart from 6 reserve vehicles for subsequent missions. - Variants of KTO Rosomak, what are the roles? Rosomak - Infantry fighting vehicle variant with an OTO-Melara HITFIST-30P gun turret armed with a 30 mm ATK Mk 44 chain gun and 7.62mm NATO UKM-2000C coaxial machine gun. The turret has advanced fire control systems with thermal sights and an Obra laser warning system SSP-1 OBRA-3 manufactured by Bumar Soldier SA, connected to six 81 mm 902A ZM Dezamet smoke grenade launchers. The standard supply of ammunition is 80 APFSDS-T armor-piercing rounds and 120 MP-T multi-purpose fragmentation-incendiary-tracer rounds (only multi-purpose rounds can be used). Vehicles of this version used on missions outside the country had reinforced ballistic armor (Rosomak-M1) and with protection against HEAT rounds (RPG-7 and similar) with QinetiQ RPGNet (Rosomak-M1M). Other changes include installation of Duke anti IED system and Blue Force Tracking BMS system (systems on loan from US Army). All older ("green") Rosomaks in M1 standard also received RPG Net. Since 2022 Rosomak will be produced with ZSSW-30 unmanned turret armed with 30mm gun, UKM-2000 machine gun and Spike ATGM. The original Rosomak, this one in particular is amphibious. Note the water propellers on the rear of the vehicle. Rosomak-M2 and M3 - Armored personnel carrier variant modified for mission in Afghanistan equipped with similar task equipment (including additional armor) as M1 variant. The main difference is that this variant is equipped with OSS-D open turret with 40 mm Mk-19 grenade launcher or 12.7 mm NSW/WKM-B heavy machine gun. It's also possible to be mounted with other small arms (they could be 7.62 mm PKM or UKM-2000 GPMG). This patrol version of the Rosomak was also used in Chad; with the same additional armor, similar to the vehicles with the Hitfist-30P turret. Rosomak M2 (left) and M3 (right). Note on how different the open turret configurations. M3 has larger size turret than the M2. Both mounted guns on these APC's seem to be absent. Rosomak-S - Armored personnel carrier variant for two anti-tank teams armed with Spike anti-tank guided missile. Essentially a basic version of the carrier without armament, equipped with seats as in the combat version and racks for transporting Spike ATGMs in the passenger compartment. Unveiled in 2007, it carries two sections with a regular and additional fire unit (8 missiles in total). The Rosomak-S with 2 Spike missiles deployed in a presentation. Very similar to earlier Rosomak's without any turret installed. Rosomak-WEM - (WEM for Wóz Ewakuacji Medycznej – lit. "medical evacuation vehicle") – armored ambulance vehicle with crew of 3, capable of transporting 3 injured soldiers on stretchers and an additional four in sitting position. The WEM-M variant for Afghanistan was equipped with additional armor and RPGNet same as in M1M variant. Vehicle role is for providing first aid, including resuscitation and stabilization of life functions in hazardous areas, and evacuation of the most seriously injured to the zone where it is possible to land medical rescue helicopters, which then transport the injured to field hospitals. Rebuilt from the base variant, it is distinguished mainly by a raised superstructure in the rear part (interior height up to 190 cm) and a folding observation and lighting mast. The height is 3331 mm. It carries three wounded on stretchers and three seated, the crew consists of four people. The first 6 vehicles were handed over on January 9, 2008. These vehicles were characterized by leaving the central plate of the ceiling and a slightly narrower superstructure. Further vehicles delivered from 2009 were built in the final modified version, with the central slab of the ceiling removed, which increased the amount of space, and a new superstructure, the walls of which are extensions of the sides. The Rosomak-WEM, note on elongated roof structure for more passenger rooms and lack of smoke dischargers. Also seem to be amphibious with water propeller in the rear. Rosomak-WRT - (WRT for Wóz Rozpoznania Technicznego – lit. "technical reconnaissance vehicle") The Rosomak-WRT with engineering accessories installed in top and smoke dischargers. Also amphibious with the water propeller on the rear. Rosomak-WSRiD - (WSRiD for Wielosensorowy System Rozpoznania i Dozoru – lit. "multisensory reconnaissance and supervision system") Rosomak-WSRiD for reconaissance purposes in a presentation. Note on devices on rear roof structure above passenger seats. Rosomak-AWD - (AWD for Artyleryjski Wóz Dowodzenia – lit. "artillery command vehicle") – Command vehicle for M120K Rak mortar company fire module. The Rosomak-AWD, note on flat top, 3 antennas for mortar team communication devices and different placements of smoke dischargers. Rosomak-WD - (WD for Wóz Dowodzenia – lit. "command vehicle"). The first 7 were commissioned in 2018. The Rosomak-WD along with other 2 Rosomaks on a convoy with camouflage net installed, note the elongated roof top (same as Rosomak-WEM), smoke dischargers and antenna (folded) for communication devices. Rosomak M120K "Rak" - 120 mm mortar artillery vehicle, first delivered in July 2017. Essentially a 120mm self-propelled field gun designed at Huta Stalowa Wola, mounted on the KTO Rosomak chassis (wheeled version). The Rak mortar vehicle, with a completely new designed 120 mm mortar turret and smoke dischargers, with other 2 Raks following in a convoy. Rosomak-NJ - (NJ for Nauka Jazdy – lit. "driving school") Rarely seen Rosomak-NJ, for drive training vehicle. Possibly just a prototype. There was other planned versions that may be delivered to the military in the future, they are: An infantry carrier vehicle (Rosomak-1) with a remotely controlled weapon module with a 12.7 mm machine gun and a passive day/night or thermal vision sight. The vehicle selection program was launched only in mid-2005. The Israeli remote weapons station Rafael RCWS-12.7 won the competition. But after repetition of the last stage, the Polish Kobuz RCWS developed by OBR SM was selected, and after another repetition in 2006 - the Italian OTO-Melara HITROLE won. Finally, in 2007, this version was abandoned. This isn't exactly KTO Rosomak, it's just a KTO Rys, a vehicle based and developed from Polish OT-64 SKOT's. The image purpose is for showing the Kobuz RWS, note on roof by the rear. General military reconnaissance vehicles: Rosomak-R1 (Rosomak-WDR) in the command and reconnaissance and Rosomak-R2 (Rosomak-WR) in reconnaissance versions - initially a shorter (by about 60 cm) six-wheeled version of the Rosomak (Patria AMV in 6×6) was ordered for reconnaissance units, which was first presented at MSPO in September 2005, then the decision was changed and an eight-wheel reconnaissance vehicle was chosen. Technical assistance vehicle (Rosomak-WPT), a prototype built in 2020. The Rosomak-WPT, note the recovery crane and dozer blade installed for vehicle recovery purposes and road service in battlefield. Contamination reconnaissance vehicle or NBC reconnaissance vehicle (Rosomak-RSK). Artillery reconnaissance vehicle (Rosomak-AWR) - part of the M120K Rak company fire module. Equipped with an on-board observation and reconnaissance set with the SR Hawk (V)2 battlefield radar and the FLIR Systems TacFLIR 280-HD optoelectronic head on a foldable 4-meter mast, and a portable observation and reconnaissance set. It is armed with a remotely controlled 7.62 mm UKM-2000C station and has the Obra-3C self-defense system. The prototype was created in 2020, and the qualification tests were completed in March 2021. The Rosomak AWR, a part of Rak mortar vehicle module. Note the battlefield radar and reconaissance mast on rear, with an RWS with 7.62 mm GPMG also installed. Rosomak Heavy Infantry Fighting Vehicle with the ZSSW-30 unmanned turret armed with a 30 mm ATK Mk 44S automatic cannon, UKM-2000C machine gun and a dual Spike LR missile launcher. In July 2022, a contract was signed for the delivery of 70 vehicles in the years 2024-2027. The present production of KTO Rosomak Heavy IFV, with ZSSW-30 unmanned turret. Possibly in production and delivered for 2024. Rosomak Scipio - created in 2015 by mounting on the platform of the KTO Rosomak 8×8 vehicle in the base version the Turra 30 unmanned turret produced by the group of Slovak companies DMD and EVPU. The turret was originally developed for the modernization of Slovakian BMP-1/BMP-2 vehicles. According to other sources, the turret was created to meet the requirements of the Slovak army for the successor of the OT-64 SKOT transporters. Rosomak Scipio, for Slovakian Army. Note the turret is very different from standard KTO Rosomak. Equipped with Turra 30 mm turret (2A42 cannon and 2 banks of Fagot ATGM) The turret is armed with a 30 mm caliber 2A42 cannon of Russian design, manufactured in Slovakia, a 7.62-mm PKT machine gun and two Fagot anti-tank guided missiles launchers, a sighting and targeting system with a TV and thermal imaging camera, a laser rangefinder, a stabilization system and an automatic tracking a marked target. The weight of the tower is less than 1500 kg. According to the manufacturer of the turret, it can be adapted to mount other sets of armament or equipment, for example the American Bushmaster II cannon used in Poland or the Spike LR missile. The first public presentation of the Scipio transporter took place during MSPO in Kielce, in September 2015. Rosomak-M - presented in September 2015 during the MSPO in Kielce as a proposal of the Rosomak SA company. As part of the modernization, the hull was modified to increase the buoyancy of the vehicle in order to ensure the ability to overcome water obstacles by swimming with an increased gross vehicle weight (GVM) (from 22.5 to 23 .5 tons), while it was indicated that the transporter's hull will undergo further modernization in order to ensure the ability to float at GVW increased to 24 tons. In addition, e.g. the Rosomak turret was integrated with two Spike ATGM launchers, a battlefield control system (BMS) was installed, the fire control system was modified by providing the "hunter-killer" capability, the air conditioning/heating system was improved, the armor was changed, seats were installed to reduce the effects of mine explosions or IED's (improvised explosive device). Rosomak-M in presentation with extendable bows used (left) and folded (right). Note the water propeller on the rear for swimming purposes. Rosomak-XP - presented in September 2015 during the MSPO in Kielce as a proposal from Patria and Rosomak SA. As part of the modernization, the GVW was increased from 26 to about 30-32 tons. In addition, a new 450 kW engine, a new drive system, new 16.00 R20 wheels, a new rear landing ramp were installed, and the degree of ballistic and anti-mine protection was also increased. Based on Polish experience, the Finnish company prepared a new version called Patria AMV2 Havoc with a maximum permissible weight of 32 tons, offered to the USMC. A turretless Rosomak XP (left) with passenger interior view (right). Also called Patria AMV2 Havoc. Rosomak-MLU - proposal from Rosomak SA to modernize and improve the APC's parameters. In 2022, a demonstrator was presented, marked MLU or Mid-Life Upgrade. A concept drawing of Rosomak MLU, lengthened chassis, new armor layouts. Vehicle seemed to be amphibious-oriented by looking at swimming bows folded at front. - MLU level 1 includes a renovation with an extension of the service life from 30 to 40 years and minor improvements to increase functionality (e.g. LED lighting). - MLU level 2 introduces, above all, an increase in the volume of the hull and load capacity of the existing transporters by extending the chassis and hull in the middle part by 40 cm. It enables an increase in the permissible total weight by two tons, up to 28 tonnes, and for swimming - up to 25.5 tonnes. In this variant, external armor with a changed structure was used, without the side plates breaking in the lower part, increasing the width to 3 metres. At the rear, a hydraulically lowered ramp with a single door was used instead of a double door. - MLU level 3 proposal is analogous to MLU level 2, but assumes the production of vehicles immediately in this standard. KTO Rosomak MLU in MSPO 2022 presentation, with lengthened chassis and turret upgrades as seen here. - Combat History of KTO Rosomak, is it battle proven? War in Afghanistan (2001–present) The Polish Land Forces contingent, which was a part of the International Security Assistance Force operated over 100 KTO Rosomak vehicles (including five medevac versions) during the Afghanistan War. The APCs were equipped with additional steel-composite armor. In early 2008 a Polish Rosomak serving in Afghanistan (the version with upgraded armor) was attacked by the Taliban. The vehicle was hit by RPG-7 rockets, but it managed to fire back and then returned to base without any help required.[5] In June 2008, a Rosomak was attacked by Taliban and was hit in its frontal armor with an RPG. The armour was not penetrated. In 2009, the first soldier was reported killed while traveling in a Rosomak after an improvised explosive device exploded under the vehicle, which rolled over and crushed the gunner who had been standing in the open turret. Similar attacks had occurred before but had failed to inflict casualties. Standard KTO Rosomak in dark green color, patrolling in Afghanistan. In May 2007, the first 24 Rosomaks with the Hitfist turret were sent to support the Polish Military Contingent in Afghanistan and from mid-June they entered combat operations. It was also the combat debut of the AMV family armored personnel carriers. From the end of July 2007, they were equipped with additional armor on site. The vehicles were highly rated by soldiers and specialists, having a large firepower (greater, for example, than the American M2 Bradley IFVs). In the first half of the year, they traveled over 85,000 km and several were damaged, including two seriously on grouches , but the crews were not seriously injured. Later fights were also associated with relatively few losses in crews, primarily in vehicles destroyed by high-power fugas. As a result of intense fighting, the number of Rosomaks in Afghanistan increased and in 2010 there were 89 of them, and the largest number was 134 (a total of 181 vehicles were sent). According to unconfirmed estimates, almost all of the vehicles were hit by small arms or anti-tank weapons at least once, and more than half required repairs. They were most often attacked with anti-tank rocket launchers of the RPG-7 family and large-caliber machine guns (12.7 mm and 14.5 mm). Despite this, irretrievable losses on the spot amounted to 8 Rosomak M1M and 6 M3, and after damage tests in Poland, a total of over 30 vehicles were struck from the stock. The secondary armor fulfilled its function against the anti-tank agents used in this conflict and it is estimated that the use of armored Rosomaks allowed to save the health or lives of over a hundred soldiers. Rosomak-M1M's in service at Afghanistan. They are used for patrolling the villages, convoy with infantry in MRAP's. Humvee's (Tumak's in service) etc. European Union mission in Chad (2007–2008) The European Union Force Chad/CAR was the moment where Polish Armed Forces provided assistance with 400 troops deployed, 16 KTO Rosomak APCs, three Mi-17 helicopters and one C-295 transport aircraft. Some place in Chad, a soldier with Mini-Beryl carbine with EoTech Holographic sight. Along with Tarpan Honker light jeep and 2 units of Rosomak vehicles convoy, following behind. - Operators of KTO Rosomak, who are the users? Poland is the sole user of the KTO Rosomak, but as the first export customer of Patria, AMV & WZM SA has the right to export the KTO Rosomak in some markets. In 2006 the KTO Rosomak was tested in Malaysia. Poland Polish Land Forces - 903 in different versions (as of 2020). The first Rosomak APC's were handed over to the army on January 8, 2005 - the first user was the 17th Mechanized Brigade from Międzyrzecz. KTO Rosomak vehicles are currently used in 4 brigades and 1 regiment of the Land Forces: - 17th Greater Poland Mechanized Brigade - 12th Szczecin Mechanized Brigade - 15th Giżycko Mechanized Brigade - 21st Podhale Rifles Brigade - Command Support Regiment of the Multinational Division North East Headquarters (Command and IT support vehicles only) On January 9, 2008, the Army took over the first 6 Rosomaks-WEM. Polish Army infantry unit disembarking from a KTO Rosomak. Note the split doors, possibly some earlier Rosomak's in service. In the Polish service, the size of a motorized infantry team transported on Rosomaks was assumed to be eight or nine soldiers, of which the crew consists of three soldiers that are vehicle operators (driver, gunner, crew commander). This resulted in the reduction of the team's fire section to five or six soldiers (criticized in the professional press). As a result, two passenger seats were removed from the APCs used in Afghanistan to increase the space for equipment. The motorized platoon consists of four cars, three of which carry the motorized team and the fourth the support section. The fire section of the motorized team consists of six (or five) soldiers, including the team leader, general purpose machine gunner (UKM-2000P), anti-tank rocket launcher (RPG-7W) and cupola gunners. In addition to team weapons, the fire section has carbines (Beryl or Mini-Beryl), one of them with a Pallad grenade launcher; the crew commander also has a carbine. In addition to them, the platoon commander and his radio operator (both with carbines) occupy the transporters, or according to a different structure, four soldiers of the platoon command. The support section also has five soldiers, armed with a 60mm LM-60 mortar and a 40mm Mk 19 automatic grenade launcher, in addition to carbines. United Arab Emirates About 40 AMV Patria vehicles manufactured in Poland. - Specifications of a KTO Rosomak Rosomak na wodzie? O kurwa! Mass: 22,000 kg (49,000 lb) Length: 7.7 m (25 ft) Width: 2.8 m (9 ft 2 in) Height: 2.3 m (7 ft 7 in) Crew: 3 (commander, driver, gunner) + 8 passengers. Main armament: - 1 × 30×173 mm ATK Mk44 Bushmaster II gun - 1 × 12.7 mm WKM-B or 1 × 40mm Mk 19 in Rosomak M3 Secondary armament: 1 × 7.62×51mm NATO UKM-2000C coaxial general purpose machine gun. Engine: DI 12 Scania diesel 360 kW (480 hp) or 405 kW (543 hp) Power/weight: 15.6 kW/t (21.2 PS/t) (max weight) Suspension: 8×8 wheeled. Operational range: 800 km (500 mi) Maximum speed: - over 100km/h (60 mph) on land - up to 10 km/h (6.2 mph) in water - Your references for vehicle comparison (IRL and Project Reality-oriented) Project Reality in-game equivalent: M1126 Stryker ICV, featured in US Army. LAV III, featured in Canadian Forces. LAV-25 and Coyote Reconaissance Vehicle, featured in US Marine Corps and Canadian Forces. Boxer AFV, featured in Dutch Forces. VBCI, featured in French Forces. In-Real Life equivalent: Patria AMV (the "OG vehicle") from Finland. K808 White Tiger from South Korea. Tusan AFV from IR Iran. Freccia IFV from Italy. BTR-90 from Russia. CM-32 Clouded Leopard from Taiwan. Type 96 APC from Japan. BTR-4 from Ukraine. Saur 2 from Romania. FNSS Pars from Turkiye. MOWAG Piranha from Switzerland. Sources: wikipedia.com/pl, tanks-encyclopedia.com, defence24.pl etc. Thank you for reading! Happy holidays. Regards, - Inch Wolvie mówi: dziękuję za przeczytanie. PS: More images coming soon. Because i'm in a hurry, i have to save the work here, since i'm afraid of this disappearing and have to start over. PS2: Published for early sneak peek, still finding some images... PS3: DONE! Enjoy reading! Might add some more stuff, so stay tuned.
  3. Hello guys, Inch here~ ( ´ ▽ ` )/ It's been awhile no seeing around. Good thing now i 've got time to do some random blogging here related to military, in real-life nor in-game. Today, we will be talking about how HK M27 Infantry Automatic Rifle exist and adopted in the US Marine Corps, why the US Army doesn't want M27 IAR adopted to their section, and what their possible plans on making their own gun, replacing the M249 in service? As far as few people know, the M27 Infantry Automatic Rifle (IAR) is a lightweight, magazine-fed 5.56mm, select-fire weapon based on the HK416 rifle designed and manufactured by the German company Heckler & Koch. It is used by the United States Marine Corps and is intended to enhance an automatic rifleman's maneuverability. The U.S. Marine Corps initially planned to purchase 6,500 M27s to replace a portion of the M249 light machine guns employed by automatic riflemen within Infantry and Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalions. Approximately 8,000–10,000 M249s will remain in service with the Marine Corps to be used at the discretion of company commanders. The United States Army does not plan to purchase the IAR. In December 2017, the Marine Corps revealed a decision to equip every Marine in an infantry squad with the M27. The Short History: In 1985, the U.S. Marine Corps adopted the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW), one year after the U.S. Army. Procurement of this 22 lb (10.0 kg) loaded weight Light machine gun was a service-level decision because the weapon was adopted by the Army with a contract method the Marines could use. While the belt-fed M249 was portable and had a high volume of fire, its relatively heavy weight meant gunners could have trouble keeping up with riflemen. The M249 light machine gun provides infantry squads with the high rate of fire of a machine gun combined with accuracy and portability approaching that of a rifle. It can be fed from both linked ammunition and STANAG magazines, like those used in the M16 and M4. M249's have seen action in every major conflict involving the United States since the U.S. invasion of Panama in 1989. The Infantry Automatic Rifle program for Marine Corps, the tests and fielding: In 1999, a Universal Need Statement was issued for an Infantry Automatic Rifle (IAR). Around 2000, the 1st Marine Division’s 2nd Battalion, 7th Marines Regiment conducted initial, limited IAR trials which confirmed the desirability of a light automatic rifle. The key difference between a lighter infantry rifle and a more heavily built automatic rifle is the ability of the latter to maintain sustained continuous fire without stoppages, overheating the barrel or receiver and losing accuracy. Experiences in Iraq and Afghanistan resulted in formal requests for recommendations. The Universal Need Statement spent six years going through the procurement process before an official program was begun and a list of required capabilities was created in early 2005. The Infantry Automatic Rifle program began on 14 July 2005, when the Marine Corps sent Requests For Information to arms manufacturers. Characteristics desired in the weapon included: portability and maneuverability; similarity in appearance to other rifles in the squad, reducing the likelihood that the gunner will receive special attention from the enemy; facilitation of the gunner's participation in counter-insurgency operations and capability of maintaining a high volume of fire. An initial requirement for a magazine with a minimum capacity of 100 rounds was dropped in favor of the 30-round STANAG magazine because, at the start of testing, available 100-round magazines were unreliable. Caliber was specified as 5.56×45mm with non-linked ammunition, so as to achieve commonality with existing service rifles. In 2006, contracts were issued to several manufacturers for sample weapons. These are: 1. Fabrique Nationale d'Herstal submitted an IAR variant of the FN SCAR (or as far as i know, the FN HAMR) 2. Heckler & Koch (H&K) submitted an HK416 variant (obviously M27 IAR) 3. Colt Defense submitted two designs (One of them are Colt IAR series) Companies that attempted to compete but were not accepted as finalists for testing included: 1. Land Warfare Resources Corporation (LWRC) M6A4 IAR (i'm familiar with LWRC M6A2 back in the day) 2. Patriot Ordnance Factory IAR 3. General Dynamics Armaments and Technical Products CIS Ultimax 100 MK5 (marketed as the GDATP IAR) - is also known as Singapore product made by ST Kinetics Armaments In December 2009, the H&K weapon won the competition and entered into a five-month period of final testing. In the summer of 2010, it was formally designated as the: M27 Infantry Automatic Rifle, coincidentally sharing a designation with the 2nd Battalion, 7th Marines, who had been testing fully automatic rifles since 2001. After the Marine Corps Operational Test and Evaluation Activity conducted further testing at MCAGCC Twentynine Palms, Fort McCoy and Camp Shelby (for dust, cold-weather, and hot-weather conditions, respectively), limited fielding of 458 IARs began to four infantry battalions (one per each Marine Expeditionary Force, one reserve) and one light armored reconnaissance battalion, all of which deployed to Afghanistan in 2011. In May 2011, Marine General James Amos approved the conclusion of the Limited User Evaluation (LUE), and ordered the replacement of the M249 LMG by the M27. Fielding of the approximately 6,500 M27 units was expected to be completed in the summer of 2013, at a cost of $13 million. Each M27 gunner was to be equipped with around twenty-two 30-round magazines of the type currently in use with the M16 and M4 carbine approximating the combat load of an M249 SAW gunner; although the M27 gunner would not be expected to carry all 22 magazines. The individual combat load would be determined at the unit level and was expected to vary by unit, based on results of evaluations conducted by the four infantry battalions and one light armored reconnaissance battalion that participated in the Limited User Evaluation. Though program officials were aware that switching from the belt-fed M249 would result in a loss of suppressive fire capability, Charles Clark III, of the Marine Corps' Combat Development and Integration Office, cited the substantially increased accuracy of the M27 as a significant factor in the decision to replace the M249. USMC on replacing their main rifles with M27 (a.k.a M16/M4 series alongside M249's): In early 2017, Commandant of the Marine Corps General Robert Neller said he wanted to equip every "0311" rifleman with an M27 IAR. Because of that, the Marine Corps issued a request in early 2017 for 11,000 M27 IARs from H&K. While talking about the Corps' request, Chris Woodburn, deputy of the Maneuver Branch, Fires and Maneuver Integration at Marine Corps Combat Development Command, said "The new order will replace all M4s in every infantry squad with an M27, except for the squad leader." He also stated that the change includes infantry training battalions. The timeline for funding was planned for fiscal years 2019 and 2020, with the Corps acquiring some of the rifles in fiscal year 2018. As of August 2017, officials have stated that "riflemen are the top priority," but that the M27 "will be in the hands of combat engineers and light armored reconnaissance battalion scouts next." The Corps later issued a pre-solicitation notice for the M27. "The new pre-solicitation notice of 50,184 [M27s]," said Woodburn, "is [meant] to up the production capacity that H&K must be able to meet as the sole-source provider [of the M27], should the Marines decide to order more in the future." At SHOT Show 2018, the Marine Corps announced that the deal with H&K to produce 11,000 M27s for the Marine Corps had been finalized and that the M27 IAR would be adopted as the standard issue service rifle of the Marine Corps infantry, replacing the M4A1. The M27 IAR now is adopted as the standard issue service rifle of the Marine Corps infantry - replacing the M4A1 - in 2018. Once the change is fully implemented, the M27 IAR will be issued to all riflemen in the Marine Corps infantry, while the M4A1 will only be issued to non-infantry Marines. It was originally fielded as a proposed replacement for the M249 SAW between the years 2010 and 2017. During that time period, it was distributed one per four-man fireteam, three per squad, 28 per company, 84 per infantry battalion and 72 per Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, with a total of 4,476 being serviced by the Marine Corps as a whole. However, the M249 was not completely replaced by the M27 IAR, and six M249s were still issued to rifle companies between 2010 and 2017. Also more around late 2017, the Marine Corps began fielding an optimized version of the M27 which was given a new number, the: M38 designated marksman rifle (M38 DMR). Although certain selected M27s had been employed as marksman rifles since 2016, the M38 version outfits M27's selected for accuracy with a Leupold TS-30A2 Mark 4 MR/T 2.5-8x36mm variable power scope, the same optic fitted on the Mk 12 Special Purpose Rifle. The naming of the M38 followed a similar convention to the M27, being named after the 3rd Battalion, 8th Marines unit that tested the rifle out. By April 2018, fielding to all three Marine Expeditionary Forces had been completed. One M38 marksman version, fitted with a scope and QDSS suppressor, is to be fielded per infantry squad to hit targets at 600 meters. Full operational capability is planned for September 2018. What is their combat reviews on M27 and how Suppressive Fire debate exist at that time: The IAR was initially fielded in December 2010. 1st Battalion 3rd Marines were deployed to Afghanistan in April 2011 with 84 IARs. Former SAW gunners initially did not like the M27, but appreciated it as time went on. It weighed 9 lb (4 kg) loaded, compared to 22 lb (10 kg) for an M249, which was a significant difference when on five hour missions. Gunners said it was "two weapons in one," being able to fire single shots accurately out to 800 meters and have fully automatic fire. It also blended in with standard M16-style service rifles, making it difficult for enemy forces to identify the machine gunner. The battalion leadership also saw the M27 as better at preventing collateral damage, as it is more controllable on fully automatic than the M249. Concern of volume of fire loss was made up for through training courses developed in December 2010. With the M249 SAW, the idea of suppression was volume of fire and the sound of the machine gun. With the M27 IAR, the idea of suppression shifts to engaging with precision fire, as it has rifle accuracy at long range and fully automatic fire at short range. Shooters transitioned from long-range precision fire at 700 meters to short-to-medium suppressive fire at 200 meters, both while in the prone position. Some gunners in combat have been used as designated marksmen. An M27 gunner with one aimed shot has the effect of three or four automatic shots from the SAW, and still has the option of a heavier volume with an accurate grouping. Marines issued with the M27 enjoy its familiarity with the M4-style weapons in service. Its gas-operated short-stroke piston action with a rotating bolt runs cooler, cleaner, requires less maintenance, has less internal parts wear and is less susceptible to malfunctions compared to previous direct impingement M4/M16 style weapons. IAR gunners consider the rifle-grade accuracy to be a huge improvement over the SAW, despite the loss of sustained firing. With a shrinking budget, the Marine Corps is looking at ways to implement the IAR as a multipurpose weapon. Suggestions included use as an automatic rifle and as a designated marksman rifle, a role where it replaced the Squad Advanced Marksman Rifle. Additionally, the free-floating barrel offers improved accuracy at approximately 2 MOA compared with 4.5 MOA for M16A4 rifles. While Marine Corps Systems Command was optimistic about operational testing, former Marine Commandant General James T. Conway remained skeptical because of: The reduction in firepower at the fireteam-level that would result if the M27 was adopted. He felt that, while more accurate, it was unlikely that the M27 could provide fire-superiority over the belt-fed M249 SAW. A magazine-fed rifle, requiring frequent reloading, would not be able to sustain the same rate of fire. In a firefight, squad members carrying extra magazines for the M27 might not always be in position to supply them to the gunner. Further, the SAW was already a battle-proven weapon. It was also significant that the Army had chosen not to pursue the IAR concept. The notion that the M27 represents a reduction in suppressive fire has spawned considerable debate between proponents of the M249 SAW within the infantry and those who advocate that a lighter, more maneuverable, and accurate weapon is sufficient to support offensive operations at the squad level. It is debatable, in fact, that program officials actually concede a loss of suppressive fire capabilities, as the only statements of concern over this concept were made by General Conway. With a SAW, the doctrine of fire suppression is the sound of continuous fire with rounds landing close to the enemy. While the M249's volume of fire may be greater, it is less accurate. Experienced troops who have dealt with incoming fire are less likely to take cover from incoming rounds if they are not close enough. With an IAR, the doctrine is that lower volume of fire is needed with better accuracy. Fewer rounds need to be used and automatic riflemen can remain in combat longer and in more situations. Another benefit of the M27 over the M249 is that in many respects it resembles an M4 rifle as used by the rest of the squad. This makes it harder to identify by enemy troops. The M27 IAR design for the armed forces: The M27 is based on the H&K HK416. It features a gas-operated short-stroke piston action with a rotating bolt and a free-floating barrel. The handguard has four MIL-STD-1913 Picatinny rails for use with accessories and optics. The simpler gas-piston rifle system reduces the amount of time it takes to resolve malfunctions on the IAR compared with the M249. Alternate calibers other than 5.56 mm are being considered for the M27. The M27 usually draws ammunition from a standard 30-round STANAG magazine. The improved STANAG magazine with the tan-colored anti-tilt follower is favored over the previous version with the green follower because it can be inserted more easily and the anti-tilt follower can handle high rates of fully automatic fire with less chance of malfunction. There have been issues with some STANAG magazines sticking in the magwell, especially when painted and or damaged. While a rifleman normally carries seven 30-round magazines, an IAR gunner has to carry up to sixteen, and may carry as many as twenty one, due to its role and fully automatic rate of fire. The magazine well has a flared opening that aids in magazine insertion, but a PMAG 30 GEN M2 magazine cannot be inserted due to the frontal plastic bevel on the PMAG. Because the M27 cannot be fed from the widely used M2 PMAG magazines that M4s or M16 rifles in the squad could take, the Marines banned the polymer PMAG for issue on November 26, 2012 to prevent interchangeability issues. In response, Magpul began the process of arranging verification and official testing for their improved PMAG 30 GEN M3 magazine, which is compatible with both the M27 and M16-series rifles. After Marine Corps testing of the M855A1 Enhanced Performance Round with the M27 showed reliability problems from feeding issues from standard magazines, the PMAG 30 GEN M3 Window, which had better reliability with the EPR, was approved for use by Marines in December 2016 so that M27 gunners who receive M855A1 rounds do not face such issues. Due to its role, high capacity magazines of between 50 and 100 rounds are being explored. The M27 is essentially an HK416 with accessories required by the Marine Corps. The standard optic is the Trijicon ACOG Squad Day Optic (SDO), officially designated the Sight Unit, SU-258/PVQ Squad Day Optic. It is a 3.5×35 machine gun optic that has a Ruggedized Miniature Reflex (RMR) sight screwed on top for close-quarters engagements under 100 meters. Created for the SAW, the day optic offers slightly less magnification, but longer eye relief than the ACOG Rifle Combat Optic (RCO) on M16's and M4's. The longer relief helps reduce injury risk from recoil. It is issued with the Vickers Combat Applications sling and rail sling mounts, AIM Manta Rail Covers, Harris bipod, KAC backup iron sights, a foregrip, and bayonet lug. The M27 initially had a Grip Pod, which is a foregrip with bipod legs inside, but it was later replaced by a separate foregrip and bipod. In January 2017, a USMC unit deployed with suppressors mounted to their M27 rifles as part of a concept to suppress every weapon in an infantry battalion. Exercises showed that having all weapons suppressed improved squad communication and surprise during engagements; disadvantages included additional heat and weight, increased maintenance, and the greater cost of equipping so many troops with the attachment. How is it, in the present day view's? The US Marine Corps is fielding thousands of its new M27 Infantry Automatic Rifles to grunts across the service and, for now, it’s not buying any more. The last of the M27's come into the Marine Corps inventory this year and are expected to be in the hands of each infantryman from platoon commander and below by mid-2021, officials said. Some still questioned its fire suppression capability over the SAW, but the weapon finally got the blessing of top brass. Commandant Gen. Robert B. Neller liked what he saw enough to not only push for the M27 to replace the SAW but also the M4, at least within rifle companies and for those working alongside them, such as combat engineers. The initial goal of getting 6,500 of the M27s into the ranks jumped to 11,000 and plans later called for 15,000 rifles. Any of the figures would have worked, fitting well below the maximum procurement contract number of 50,184. Ultimately, the Marines bought just over 14,000 M27s, Manny Pacheco, spokesman for Marine Corps Systems Command, told Marine Corps Times. Those were purchased at an estimated: 1,600 initial purchase 2,600 in 2017 2,900 in 2018 7,000 in 2019 A little less than half of those, between 6,000 and 7,000, have not yet been fielded. While Neller repeatedly has said that the weapon has received majority positive reviews from the infantry it has not come into the ranks without its own controversy. In April 2018, members of the House Armed Services Committee told Neller that they wanted him to provide them an assessment of the service’s view of the Small Arms Ammunition Configuration study and include near and long-term small arms modernization strategy for the Corps. And future funding for the rifle could be cut or withheld if he didn’t provide that report. At that point, the Corps had fielded 6,500 M27s. During a March 2018, House Armed Services Committee hearing Rep. Joe Wilson, R-S.C., grilled Marine leaders about why the weapon wasn’t being provided by a U.S. company. Lt. Gen. Brian D. Beaudreault, deputy commandant of Plans, Policies and Operations, told the congressman that H&K, a Germany-based company, won the competition and changes now would put fielding behind by two years and substantially raise the price of the contract. Despite its successes in fielding, certain elite within the Marine ranks decided not to take the new rifle and are sticking with the M4s. Marine Special Operations Command Raiders continue to carry the M4 carbine. That has had to do both with the profile of missions requiring shorter barrels and also a need for a greater volume of fire they still get from the SAW, a MARSOC spokesman told Marine Corps Times in 2018. Raiders use an M4 lower receiver, the trigger and housing, attached to a Special Operations Command-upper receiver, the barrel and bolt. That way operators can swap out components in their weapon system to meet various mission demands. The SOCOM upper receiver group and M27 lower are not compatible. A 2015 report that was leaked online evaluated the use of the M27 as a designated marksman rifle, the role it has come to play in its M38 configuration. That report found weapon stoppages at high cyclic rates ― a problem for what’s meant to be the squad’s machine gun. But, retired Marine Chief Warrant Officer 5 Christian Wade, who worked closely with evaluation, testing and fielding of small arms and training in the Marine Corps, told the website Task & Purpose that the problems in that test were not with the weapon but rather with the aluminum magazines that had feed problems and with the type of ammunition that was being used ― the M855A1 Enhanced Performance Round. Marines have since adopted a polymer magazine that does not have the feed problems and certain deploying units have obtained another type of 5.56 mm ammunition to correct for past problems with the EPR, he said. Why the US Army never wanted HK M27 in their section? While the Marines love their M27 rifle, it’s not good enough for the Army — they’re building their own. Army leaders in week around February 8th, 2018 provided key weapons updates during a Senate hearing on modernization that included timelines on an improved armor-piercing round, sniper rifles and their Next Generation Squad Weapon. They asked for updates to the rifles and rounds infantry soldiers use, given advancements in body armor that can defeat the standard 5.56mm round fired by the M4 carbine and M16 rifle variants. What are their plans on making their own gun replacing M249's in service? The US Army is building a “Next Generation Squad Weapon,” the first variant, one of the Army deputy chief of staff said, will be an automatic rifle to replace the Squad Automatic Weapon, which is chambered in 5.56mm. They've been pushed on the M27, which the Marine Corps has adopted. That is also a 5.56mm, which doesn’t penetrate. They’re going to go down the path of [the] Next Generation Squad Weapon, automatic rifle first, to be closely followed — very hopeful — for either a rifle or carbine that will fire something other than 5.56mm. He quickly added that the new round will likely not be in 7.62mm. "As the Textron Systems release the weapons above, it was meant for replacing weapons for the Army, the NGSW-R (left) replacing M4 series and NGSW-AR (right) replacing M249 SAW in service" The weapon will probably weigh a little bit more, the ammo will probably weigh a little bit less, and Army soldiers can get penetration of the most advanced body armor in the world, probably well out beyond even max effective range of the current M4, and that’s what the Army see as a replacement for the M4 in the future, not the [Squad Designated Marksman Rifle]. Advancements not only include a new round but also improved fire controls and polymer casing. Textron Systems has partnered with the Army to develop a cased telescope cartridge and weapons built around the shortened polymer round. They also have a 6mm carbine variant, which was on display at the Association of the U.S. Army annual meeting last year. The principal military secretary to the assistant secretary of US Army for acquisition, logistics and technology, told the senators that the work with Textron and others will be offered to vendors in 2018, with the goal of seeing a decision by 2021 and having the capability ready by 2022 or 2023. Deputy chief of staff also listed several other, interim efforts, including the near-term gap of providing a Squad Designated Marksman Rifle chambered in 7.62mm that also fires the Advanced Armor-Piercing Round. While the SDMR program has been sped up and will see fielding among infantry units this year, the round program has been delayed to field in 2019. You can still fire a 7.62 and still able to penetrate; you just can’t get quite the range you will with the next generation round. Bonus: The M27 IAR in my country? According to news reported from tnial.mil.id (2/3/2018), soldiers of the 1st Marine Infantry Brigade conducted a test of this weapon at the Gedangan Marine Brigif-1 firing range. The trial was carried out by Brigif-1 Marine Combat Squad (Regu Pandu Tempur or Rupanpur) and Marine soldiers from a distance of 25 meters and 50 meters in a standing, squatting and lying down position. After testing, it was concluded that the weapon endurance is quite good, the beat is almost not felt (stable), but more trials are needed to check the accuracy of the shot / wear, check the M-Point attached to the weapon for night accuracy testing and check the durability of the weapon in wet conditions and muddy. Some TNI special forces, such as Kopaska (Navy Frog Forces Command), Kopassus (Army Special Forces Command) and Denjaka (Jala Mangkara Detachment), have seen the M27 as the familiar HK416 figure, this assault rifle is indeed known to have high accuracy and quality that is 'resilient' like an AK-47. The Military Times Gear Scout Blog and the Soldier Systems website even referred to HK416 as a weapon used by Navy SEALS to kill Osama Bin Laden. For this one, the M27 philosophy is similar to the Ultimax 100 used by the Marines Amphibious Reconnaissance Battalion (Taifib Marinir) Bonus 2: Should this be in Project Reality (PR:BF2) on US Marine Corps (USMC) faction? What will it costs you if it exist in-game? One word, YES~! "It will cost your soul to make the M27 model in 3D and the ability to suppressive fire become lacking, considering how less the ammo count it has.." The good thing is the gun itself should be handling CQC best than M249's (meaning very accurate in few ranges), probably going to be much stable in hipfire and ADS, nimble, reliable, easy to control the gun's recoil etc. Also, why not having Beta C-Mag for this one? Just to compensate the ammo count obviously Thank you and enjoy the reading, feel free to give your thoughts and comments down below, or even corrections if i'm wrong. I'll see you out in the battlefield- soon~ (image still in progress, brb) Its done, enjoy~ (°▽°)/ - Inch Extras: - GDATP IAR's: - LWRC M6A4 IAR: - Patriot Ordinance Factory (POF) IAR's: - Colt IAR's: - Volod.41 Christmas Gift, The Ironman Ammunition Backpack (You don't have to worry about ammo no more ) Sauces: Wikipedia Marine Corps Times, https://www.marinecorpstimes.com/news/your-marine-corps/2019/04/19/all-of-the-marine-m27-rifles-are-in-if-youre-not-a-grunt-or-working-with-them-youre-not-getting-one/ Army Times, https://www.armytimes.com/news/your-army/2018/02/08/army-says-no-thanks-to-marine-m27-opting-instead-to-build-its-own-rifle/ Indomiliter, https://www.indomiliter.com/m27-infantry-automatic-rifle-paling-disukai-marinir-as-turut-dicoba-marinir-indonesia/
  4. Hello guys, it's been a while. I haven't posted something new on the forums (usually at Militaria forum section), i had been busy with some campus works/assignments, and it goes from there. But, if i'm having a free time, will be updating and continously posting while i still can. This is some of the knowledge, to you all the readers.. enjoy-! Today, i'll be talking about LGS Fennek, requested by @=Wolf= Jersans from previous posts (so, this is likely a late post, and sorry for being late-). It's basically an armored scout car equivalent to some others, like Chinese (PLA) VN3 and Russian/Polish BRDM-2 (or BRDM-2M-98 Zbik's) The Fennek, named after the fennec (a species of small desert fox), or LGS Fennek, with LGS being short for Leichter Gepanzerter Spähwagen in German (Light Armoured Reconnaissance Vehicle), is a four-wheeled armed reconnaissance vehicle produced by the German company Krauss-Maffei Wegmann and Dutch Defence Vehicle Systems. The Turkish company, FNSS Defence Systems acquired the right for licence production in 2004. It was developed for both the German Army and Royal Netherlands Army to replace their current vehicles. - History In April 2000, the prototype vehicle finished field trials and in December 2001, a combined order was placed. 410 were ordered by the Royal Netherlands Army (202 reconnaissance, 130 MRAT (medium range antitank) and 78 general purpose versions) and 222 by the German military (178 reconnaissance, 24 combat engineer, 20 joint fire support teams (JFST)). More Fenneks for the German Army will be procured from 2015 on. Germany plans an overall purchase of approximately 300 Fenneks. The first vehicle was delivered to the Netherlands in July 2003 and the first to Germany in December of the same year. Deliveries will continue until 2011 (additional orders for the German Army are planned from 2015 on). The Dutch SP Aerospace company, which produced the Fennek for the Dutch military, was declared bankrupt in August 2004. A new company called Dutch Defence Vehicle Systems (DDVS) was created to continue the production of the vehicles for the Royal Netherlands Army. - Specifications The Fennek has four wheels with selectable two or four wheel drive. It has a Deutz diesel engine producing 179 kW, giving it a top speed of 115 km/h. Tire pressure can be regulated by the driver from inside the vehicle to suit terrain conditions. The primary mission equipment is an observation package mounted on an extendable mast. Sensors include a thermal imager, daylight camera and a laser rangefinder. Combined with the vehicle's GPS and inertial navigation system the operator can accurately mark targets or points of linterest and pass that data to the digital battlefield network. The sensor head of the observation package can also be removed and mounted on a tripod for concealed operation, as can the control unit from the vehicle should the crew want to use the entire system dismounted. Many Fenneks of the German Army are also equipped with Aladin miniature UAVs. LGS Fennek SWP (Stinger Weapon Platform) LGS Fennek MRAT (Anti-Tank Guided Missile Carrier) Various weapons can be fitted, such as a 12.7 mm machine gun for the Dutch reconnaissance version, a Rafael Spike anti-tank missile on the Dutch MRAT version or a 40 mm automatic grenade launcher (HK GMG) or Rheinmetall MG3 for the German vehicles. The Royal Netherlands Army also placed an order at the Turkish company Aselsan for 18 Raytheon Stinger surface-to-air missile launchers to be fitted on the Fennek. The launcher in this case is the Stinger Weapon Platform (SWP), with four Stinger missiles intended for mid-range air defence. The launcher can be controlled from on board the vehicle, or else remotely as part of a distributed air defense system. On the Dutch Fennek the primary weapon is the 12.7 mm machine gun. The vehicle is protected all-round against 7.62 mm rounds and additional armour can be added if the mission requires. The air conditioning system provides protection against nuclear, biological and chemical warfare and the crew compartment is protected against anti-personnel mines. German Bundeswehr LGS Fennek with HK GMG 40mm automatic grenade launcher Main Specifications: Weight: 9.7-10.4 tonnes Length: 5.71 m Width: 2.49 m Height: 1.79 m Crew: 3 Main armament: HK GMG 40 mm grenade autocannon or Rheinmetall MG3 (German version), M2HB 12.7 mm machine gun (Dutch versions) Secondary armament: Not applicable Engine: Deutz diesel 179 kW (239 hp) Power/weight: 18.5 kW/tonne Suspension: Selectable 4 wheel drive Operational range: 860 km Speed: 115 km/h - Operational History Both Germany and the Netherlands have deployed Fennek reconnaissance vehicles to Afghanistan in support of ISAF. On 3 November 2007, a Dutch Fennek was hit by an improvised explosive device killing one and wounding two other occupants. The vehicle and its crew were taking part in an offensive operation targeting the Taliban in the province of Uruzgan, Afghanistan. In another incident a German Fennek was hit by a rocket-propelled grenade. It's hollow charge jet penetrated the vehicle through the right front wheel rim, passed through the vehicle and blew the left door off the hinge. Thanks to the spall liner the crew sustained only negligible injuries. - Operators Current operators: - Germany German Army (Bundeswehr) - 222, to be increased to 248 - Netherlands Royal Netherlands Army - 365 Future operators: - Qatar Qatari Emiri Land Force - 32 Hope you guys enjoy the reading-! Feel free to share your thoughts, comments and give corrections here below - Inch
  5. NOTE: This is based on my previous post in Militaria section Hey, guys- This is InchPincherToo and you are about to read an article about Rheinmetall 120 mm Gun, which is one of the standard armaments of few Tanks in PR, such as German Krauss-Maffei Leopard series, U.S.A M1 Abrams series and also seems indirectly used to Israeli Merkava series of tanks as well-! This is just quite sick gun indeed, been widely used as main armaments of few tanks around the world and also have long past history within it-! The Rheinmetall 120 mm gun is a smoothbore tank gun designed and produced by the West German Rheinmetall-DeTec AGcompany, developed in response to Soviet advances in armor technology and development of new armored threats. Production began in 1974, with the first version of the gun, known as the L/44 as it was 44 calibers long, used on the German Leopard 2 tankand soon produced under license for the American M1A1 Abrams and other tanks. The American version, the M256, uses a coil spring recoil system instead of a hydraulic system. The 120-millimeter (4.7 in) gun has a length of 5.28 meters (17.3 ft), and the gun system weighs approximately 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb). By 1990, the L/44 was not considered powerful enough to deal with future Soviet armour, which stimulated an effort by Rheinmetallto develop a better main armament. This first involved a 140-millimeter (5.5 in) tank gun named Neue Panzerkanone 140 ("new tank gun 140"), but later turned into a compromise which led to the development of an advanced 120 mm gun, the L/55, based on the same internal geometry as the L/44 and installed in the same breech and mount. The L/55 is 1.32 meters (4.3 ft) longer, givingincreased muzzle velocity to ammunition fired through it. As the L/55 retains the same barrel geometry, it can fire the same ammunition as the L/44. This gun was retrofitted into German and Dutch Leopard 2's, and chosen as the main gun of the Spanish Leopard 2E and the GreekLeopard 2HEL. It was tested on the British Challenger 2 as a potential replacement for its current weapon, the rifled L30120 mm cannon. A variety of ammunition has been developed for use by tanks with guns based on Rheinmetall's original L/44 design. This includes a series of kinetic energy penetrators, such as the American M829 series, and high explosive anti-tank warheads. Recent ammunition includes a range of anti-personnel rounds and demolition munitions. The LAHAT, developed in Israel, is a gun-launched missilewhich has received interest from Germany and other Leopard 2 users, and is designed to defeat both land armour and combat helicopters. The Israelis also introduced a new anti-personnel munition which limits collateral damage by controlling the fragmentation of the projectile. - Background: Because of concerns about the inability of the 105-millimeter (4.1 in) L7 tank gun then in use across NATO forces to penetrate new Soviet armor, as proved in German tests on four T-62 Soviet tanks captured by Israel following the June 1967 Six Day War,Rheinmetall was paid for the development of a new tank gun, a project started in 1965, as the Bundeswehr felt a more powerful gun was needed for its new tanks. The first instance of a larger Soviet tank gun was witnessed on the chassis of a modified T-55 in1961. In 1965, the Soviet Union's T-62 made its first public appearance, armed with a 115-millimeter (4.5 in) smoothbore tank gun. The Soviet decision to increase the power of its tank's main armament had come when, in the early 1960s, an Iranian tank commander defected over the Soviet border in a brand-new M60 Patton tank, which was armed with the British Royal OrdnanceL7. Despite the introduction of the T-62, in 1969 their T-64 tank was rearmed with a new 125-millimeter (4.9 in) tank gun, while in1972 Nizhny Tagil began production of the T-72 tank, also armed with the 125-millimeter (4.9 in) gun. For example, at the fighting atSultan Yakoub, during the 1982 Lebanon War, the Israeli government claimed to have destroyed nine Syrian T-72's with the Merkava main battle tank, armed with an Israeli production version of the American M68 105-millimeter (4.1 in) tank gun(which in turn was based on the British L7). Whether or not true, the Soviets test-fired a number of Israeli M111 Hetz armor-piercing discarding sabot rounds at Kubinka, finding the 105-millimeter (4.1 in) round was able to perforate the T-72's sloped front section plate, but not it's turret armor. In response, the Soviets developed the T-72M1. This led Israel to opt for a 120 mm tank gun during the development process of the Merkava III main battle tank. This case is similar to the American decision to replace the M68 105-millimeter (4.1 in) tank gun with Rheinmetall's 120 mm gun in 1976; the introduction of the T-64A had raised the question within the armor community whether the new ammunition for the existing gun caliber could effectively deal with the new Soviet tank. In 1963, Germany and the United States had already embarked on a joint tank program, known as the MBT-70. The new tank carrieda three-man crew, with the driver in the turret, an automatic loader for the main gun, a 20-millimeter (0.79 in) autocannon as secondary armament, an active hydropneumatic suspension and spaced armour on the glacis plate and the front turret. The new tank concept also had improved armament, a 152-millimeter (6.0 in) missile-launching main gun, designed to fire the MGM-51 Shillelagh anti-tank missile. However, the German Army was interested in a tank gun which could fire conventional ammunition.Although there were attempts to modify the 152-millimeter (6.0 in) tank gun to do so, the process proved extremely difficult, and theGermans began development of the future Rheinmetall 120 mm gun instead. In 1967, the German Ministry of Defense decided to re-open a Leopard 1 improvement program, known as the Vergoldeter Leopard ("Gilded Leopard"), later renamed the Keiler ("Wild Boar"). Krauss-Maffei was chosen as the contractor, and two prototypes were developed in 1969 and 1970. This program grew into the Leopard 2; the first prototype of the new tank was delivered in 1972,equipped with a 105-millimeter (4.1 in) smoothbore main gun. Between 1972 and 1975, a total of 17 prototypes were developed.The new 120 mm gun's ten-year development effort, which had begun in 1964, ended in 1974. Ten of the 17 turrets built wereequipped with the 105 mm smoothbore gun, and the other seven were equipped with the larger 120 mm gun. Another program aimed to mount the 152-millimeter (6.0 in) missile-gun was also developed in an attempt to save components from the MBT-70, but in 1971 the program was ended for economic reasons. Instead, the Germans opted for Rheinmetall's 120 mm L/44 smoothbore tank gun. - Design Features/Variants: Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has a caliber of 120 mm, and a length of 44 calibers (5.28 meters (17.3 ft)). The gun's barrel weighs1,190 kilograms (2,620 lb), and on the M1 Abrams the gun mount weighs 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb), while the new barrel (L/55) is 55 calibers long, 1.30 meters (4.3 ft) longer. The bore evacuator and the gun's thermal sleeve, designed to regulate the temperature of the barrel, are made of glass-reinforced plastic, while the barrel has a chrome lining to increase barrel life. Originally the gun had anEFC barrel life of ~1,500 rounds, but with recent advances in propellant technology the average life has increased even further. The gun's recoil mechanism is composed of two hydraulic retarders and a hydropneumatic assembly. Rheinmetall L/44 120mm Production of the German Leopard 2 and the new 120 mm tank gun began in 1979, fulfilling an order for the German Army. Although the American M1 Abrams was originally armed with the M68A1 105 mm gun (a version of the L7), the United States Army had planned to fit the tank with a larger main gun at a later date, and the tank's turret had been designed to accommodate a larger 120 mm gun. The larger gun was integrated into the M1A1 Abrams, with the first vehicle coming off the production line in 1985. The gun, known as the M256, was based on the L/44 tank gun, although manufactured at Watervliet Arsenal and modified to increase the resistance of the barrels to fracture and fatigue. Tanks armed with versions of Rheinmetall's gun produced under licence include Japan's Type 90 and South Korea's K1A1. The gun had made a huge turn in technological history. Rheinmetall L/55 120mm The appearance of new Soviet tanks such as the T-80B during the late 1970s and early 1980s demanded the development of new technologies and weapons to counter the threat posed to Western armor. The T-80B had increased firepower and a new composite ceramic armor. The T-72 also went through a modernization program in an attempt to bring it up to the standards of the T-80B. In 1985 the new T-72B version entered production, with a new laminate armor protection system; its turret armor, designed primarily to defeat anti-tank missiles, surpassed the T-80B's in protection. The German government began the development of the Leopard 3, although this was canceled after the fall of the Soviet Union. On 29 October 1991, the governments of Switzerland, the Netherlands and Germany agreed to cooperate in the development of a modernization program for the Leopard 2. Part of this program included the introduction of a longer 120 mm tank gun, a cheaper alternative to a brand new tank gun, increasing the maximum range of the gun by an estimated 1,500 m (1,600 yd). Although the gun is longer, allowing for a higher 580 MPa (84,122 psi) peak pressure from the propellant, the geometry remains the same, allowing the gun to fire the same ammunition as that fired from the shorter version. The longer barrel allows ammunition to attain higher velocities; for example, with new kinetic energy penetrators ammunition can reach velocities of around 1,800 m/s (5,900 ft/s). The new barrel weighs 1,347 kg (2,970 lb). The longer tank gun has been retrofitted into the Leopard 2, creating a model known as the Leopard 2A6. Both the Spanish Leopard 2E and the Greek Leopard 2HEL, as derivatives of the Leopard 2A6, use the 55 caliber-long tank gun. Rheinmetall 130 mm Gun Rheinmetall introduced a larger 130 mm tank gun at Eurosatory 2016 in June 2016. Development commenced in 2015, financed entirely using internal funding, as a response to the Russian introduction of new generation armored vehicles like the T-14 Armata tank, and the first technical demonstrator (TD) was completed in May 2016. The new 130 mm gun has an L/51 chrome-lined smoothbore barrel with a vertical sliding breech mechanism, increased chamber volume, no muzzle brake, a thermal sleeve, and a muzzle reference system (MRS) enabling it to be bore sighted on a more regular basis without the crew needing to leave the platform. Compared to the 2700 kg 120 mm gun, the 130 mm has a 1,400 kg (3,100 lb) barrel and an all-up weight of 3000 kg including the recoil system. Rheinmetall is developing a new generation APFSDS round featuring a semi-combustible cartridge case, new propellant, and new advanced long rod tungsten penetrator as well as a high-explosive air-bursting munition (HE ABM) based on the 120 mm DM11 HE ABM in parallel with the gun; the cartridges are 30 kg (66 lb) and 1.3 m (4.3 ft) long that, according to the company, with the increase of 8% in caliber results in 50% more kinetic energy over the 120 mm gun. Engineers believe the weapon can only be used with an automatic loader and new turret design. The gun commenced static firing trials at Rheinmetall's proving ground following Eurosatory, while engineers hope to receive a new NATO standard by the end of 2016, although development of the gun and ammunition will likely take 8–10 years. The 130 mm is designed to equip the Main Ground Combat System (MGCS), a joint effort between Germany and France to produce a successor to the Leopard 2 and Leclerc, possibly to be launched between 2025-2030. - Ammunition: A variety of rounds have been developed for Rheinmetall's tank gun. For example, a long line of armor-piercing discarding sabot (APDS) rounds was developed by Rheinmetall. Originally, the Leopard 2 was outfitted with the DM23 kinetic energy penetrator, based on the Israeli M111 Hetz. The DM23 was eventually replaced by the DM33, which was also adopted by Japan, Italy, Netherlands and Switzerland. The DM33 has a three-part aluminum sabot and a two-part tungsten penetrator, and is said to be able to penetrate 560 millimeters (22 in) of steel armor at a range of 2,000 meters (2,200 yd). The DM43 is a further development of this round, co-developed between Germany and France. The introduction of the longer barrel came hand in hand with the introduction of a new kinetic energy penetrator, the DM53. With the projectile including sabot weighing in at 8.35 kilograms with a 38:1 length to diameter ratio and with a muzzle velocity of 1,750 meters per second (5,700 ft/s), the DM53 has an effective engagement range of up to 4,000 meters (4,400 yd). A further development, called the DM63, improved upon the round by introducing a new temperature-independent propellant, which allows the propellant to have a constant pattern of expansion between ambient temperatures inside the gun barrel from −47 °C (−53 °F) to +71 °C (160 °F). The new propellant powders, known as surface-coated double-base (SCDB) propellants, allow the DM63 to be used in many climates with consistent results. The new ammunition has been accepted into service with the Dutch and Swiss, as well as German, armies. The United States developed its own kinetic energy penetrator (KEP) tank round in the form of an Armor-Piercing Fin-Stabilized Discarding-Sabot (APFSDS) round, using a depleted uranium (DU) alloy long-rod penetrator (LRP), designated as the M829, followed by improved versions. An immediate improvement, known as the M829A1, was called the "Silver Bullet" after its good combat performance during the Gulf War against Iraqi T-55's, T-62's and T-72 tanks. The M829 series centers around the depleted uranium penetrator, designed to penetrate enemy armor through kinetic energy and to shatter inside the turret, doing much damage within the tank. In 1998, the United States military introduced the M829A2, which has an improved depleted uranium penetrator and composite sabot petals. In 2002, production began of the ($10,000 per round) M829A3 using a more efficient propellant (RPD-380 stick), a lighter injection-molded sabot, and a longer (800mm) and heavier (10 kg / 22 lb) DU penetrator, which is said to be able to defeat the latest versions of Russian Kontakt-5 explosive reactive armor (ERA). This variant is unofficially referred to by Abrams tank crews as the "super sabot". In response to the M829A3, the Russian army designed Relikt, the most modern Russian ERA, which is claimed to be twice as effective as Kontakt-5. A further improved M829E4 round with a segmented penetrator to defeat Relikt has been under development since 2011 and was to be fielded as the M829A4 in 2015. Both Germany and the United States have developed several other rounds. These include the German DM12 multi-purpose anti-tank projectile (MPAT), based on the technology in a high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead. However, it has been found that the DM12's armor-killing abilities are limited by the lack of blast and fragmentation effects, and that the round is less valuable against lightly armored targets. The United States also has a MPAT type projectile, known as the M830. This was later developed into the M830A1, which allows the M1 Abrams to use the round against helicopters. The M1 Abrams can use the M1028 canister round, which is an anti-personnel/anti-helicopter munition, packed with over 1,000 tungsten balls. The United States Armed Forces accepted a new demolition round, called the M908 Obstacle Defeating Round, based on the M830A1 MPAT, but with the proximity fuse replaced by a hardened nose cap. The cap allows the round to impact and embed itself in concrete, then exploding inside the target and causing more damage. The Israeli Army introduced a new round known as the Laser Homing Anti-Tank (LAHAT) projectile (see on the right). Using a semi-active laser homing guidance method, the LAHAT can be guided by the tank's crew or by teams on the ground, while the missile's trajectory can be selected to either attack from the top (to defeat enemy armor) or direct attack (to engage enemy helicopters). Furthermore, the missile can be fired by both 105-millimeter (4.1 in) and 120 mm tank guns. The LAHAT has been offered as an option for the Leopard 2, and has been marketed by both Israel Military Industries and Rheinmetall to Leopard 2 users. Israeli Merkavas make use of a round known as the APAM, which is an anti-personnel munition designed to release fragmentation at controlled intervals to limit the extent of damage. Fragments are shaped to have enough kinetic energy to penetrate body armor. Poland has introduced a series of projectiles for Rheinmetall's tank gun, including an armor-piercing penetrator target practice round (APFSDS-T-TP), a high-explosive round, and a high-explosive target practice (HE-TP) projectile. The ammunition is manufactured by Zakłady Produkcji Specjalnej Sp. z o.o. - Operators: Due to tank sales, Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has been manufactured for other nations. For example, the Leopard 2 armed with the 44 caliber long gun, has been sold to the Netherlands, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, Austria, Denmark, Finland, and other countries. Egypt had manufactured 700–800 M1A1 Abrams by 2005, and in 2008 requested permission to build another 125 tanks; their M256 main guns (the US version of the L/44) were manufactured by Watervliet Arsenal. The M1A1 has also been exported to Australia, while the M1A2 Abrams has been exported to Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. The American license-built M256 has also been offered by General Dynamics Land Systems as part of the M60-2000 Main Battle Tank which would upgrade older M60 Patton tanks to have capabilities of their M1A1 Abrams at a reduced cost, though the company has not yet found a buyer. The Leopard 2A6 and its longer L/55 main gun have been exported for use by the Canadian Army, and the Netherlands upgraded part of its original fleet of Leopard 2's with the more powerful armament. The British Army has tested Rheinmetall's longer gun, possibly looking to replace the current L30A1 120 mm L/55 rifled main gun on the Challenger 2. Two Challenger 2's were modified to undergo firing trials. Although South Korean K2 Black Panther is equipped with a L/55 main gun and shows similar characteristics as its German counterpart, it is indigenously developed by Agency for Defense Development and World Industries Ace Corporation (WIA), a Korea-based powertrain company affiliated with Hyundai Kia Motors Group. Tank Designer Country Gun Users Leopard 2 Krauss-Maffei Germany Rheinmetall 120 mm L/44 Austria, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Indonesia, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey "Obviously not this one above- " M1A1 Abrams General Dynamics Land Systems United States M256 (L/44) Australia, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia Type 90 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Japan Rheinmetall 120 mm L/44 K1A1 Hyundai Rotem South Korea KM256 C1 Ariete OTO Melara Italy Rheinmetall 120 mm L/44 Leopard 2A6 Krauss-Maffei Germany Rheinmetall 120 mm L/55 Canada, Finland, Greece, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain Altay (tank) Roketsan, Aselsan, Otokar, Hyundai Rotem, MKEK Turkey Rheinmetall 120 mm L/55 Turkey - Specifications: Type Smoothbore tank gun Place of origin Germany Service history In service 1979–present Used by see the operators section Production history Manufacturer Rheinmetall Specifications Weight 1,190 kg (2,620 lb) Gun barrel 3,317 kg (7,313 lb) Gun mount Length L/44: 5.28 m (17.3 ft) L/55: 6.6 m (22 ft) Barrel length 44–55 calibers Caliber 120 mm Muzzle velocity 1,580 to 1,750 m/s (5,200 to 5,700 ft/s) Effective firing range 4,000 meters (4,400 yd) with DM63 8,000 meters (8,700 yd) with LAHAT *Video Previews (Thanks to @Sausag3 from last posts and video links , being watching those lately): *Since its German-made Tank Gun, so putted in Leopard 2 reviews instead, from relevant sources. *And of course, my country Leopard in action Sources: wikipedia.com, tank-encyclopedia, military-today, army-recognition, Youtube-MatsimusGaming and many other sources Thank you all for reading, hope you guys enjoyed it. Feel free to give impressions, comments and suggestions right below! If there's an error above, please be understand and give corrections- - Inch
  6. NOTE: This is based from my previous post in Militaria section Hello everyone, This is the new post about the L21A1 RARDEN 30mm Autocannon, which is also known in PR as the main armaments of British FV107 Scimitar IFV and FV510 Warrior APC. Enjoy-! The L21A1 RARDEN is a British 30mm autocannon used as a combat vehicle weapon. The name is a contraction of the Royal Armament, Research and Development Establishment and Enfield. The Royal Armament Research and Development Establishment (RARDE) and the Royal Small Arms Factory (RSAF), Enfield, at the time, were both part of the Ministry of Defence. - Design: The weapon uses a long recoil system of operation, for minimum recoil forces on the mounting and vehicle. Spent cases are ejected forwards. The weapon was also designed for minimum inboard length, allowing for more space in the turret or a smaller turret overall. Another feature is that no gun gas escapes into the turret. The cartridge case used is 170mm in length, and is based on the Hispano-Suiza 831-L round. Unlike the belt-fed systems on most vehicle weapons, Rarden is loaded manually with three-round clips. This limits its capacity to fire in automatic mode to 6 rounds. The Rarden gun does not require an external power source and can therefore remain in action even if the vehicle is disabled. - Manufacture: The RSAF Enfield manufactured the Rarden from the early 1970s. However the RSAF was incorporated within the Royal Ordnance Factories in the early 1980s, in the run up to their privatisation, becoming part of Royal Ordnance. Royal Ordnance (RO) planned to close Enfield and several other sites after privatisation. British Aerospace (BAe) bought Royal Ordnance on 2 April 1987 and the closure of RSAF Enfield was announced on 12 August 1987. Most of RO Enfield's work was moved, prior to the closure of the RSAF, to RO Nottingham. Manufacture of the RARDEN was carried out at British Manufacture and Research Company BMARC from 1985. This company was purchased by BAe in 1992, becoming part of RO Defence; now renamed BAE Systems Global Combat Systems Munitions. - Service Use/Replacement: The Rarden is, or has been, fitted to a number of armoured vehicles in the British Army: FV721 Fox armoured car FV107 Scimitar tracked reconnaissance vehicle (part of the Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (Tracked) or CVR(T) range) Sabre — FV101 Scorpion with turrets taken from Fox Armoured cars (also in the CVR(T) range) FV510 Warrior infantry fighting vehicle, and some of its variants The Rarden was also intended to be retro-fitted to the FV432 armoured personnel carrier (see below), but when fitted with Rarden and its turret there was too little room left to accommodate the necessary infantry. 13 vehicles were fitted with the Fox turret, as an experimental fire support vehicle. There were problems with the long-barrelled weapon fouling external fittings (which meant that the turret had to be mounted on a three inch spacer) and with blast damage to the flotation screen. They were deployed with the Berlin Infantry Brigade. In March 2008, the UK Ministry of Defence announced that a 40mm weapon firing Cased Telescoped Ammunition developed by the Anglo-French firm CTA International had been selected to replace Rarden in the Warrior IFV and to be fitted to the reconnaissance vehicle which would replace the existing range of CVR(T) vehicles. - FV510 Warrior 40mm - CTA International 40mm Autocannon - Specifications: Calibre: 30 x 170mm Overall length: 3.15 metres (10 ft 4 in) Barrel length: 2.44 metres (8 ft 0 in) Inboard length: 430 millimetres (17 in) Complete weight: 110 kilograms (240 lb) Barrel weight: 24.5 kilograms (54 lb) Ammunition: Armour Piercing Secondary Effect (APSE), High Explosive Incendiary (HEI), Armour Piercing Discarding Sabot (APDS) Muzzle velocity: - APSE, HEI: 1070 m/s - APDS: 1175 m/s Range: 2,000 metres (2,200 yd) Sources: wikipedia, tank-encyclopedia, military-today and many other sources Thanks for reading-! Feel free to give comments and suggestions below. If theres an error above, please be understand and give corrections- - Inch
  7. Note: This is based on my previous post in Militaria section Q: What again this time? After all this months... A: Dude, this is all about the 25mm Autocannon, infamous M242 Bushmaster-! Q: What a surprise! Lemme guess... this thing must be in-game (PR) A: Oh yeah, of course! Almost all of U.S and N.A.T.O members using it! The M242 Bushmaster is a 25 mm (25×137mm) chain-driven autocannon. It is used extensively by the U.S. military, as well as byNATO's and some other nations' forces in ground combat vehicles, such as the Bradley fighting vehicle and various watercraft. Originally the weapon was designed and manufactured by Hughes Ordnance in Culver City, CA, which was acquired by McDonnell Douglas (later acquired by the Boeing Corporation); however it is now produced by Alliant Techsystems (ATK) of Mesa, Arizona. It is an externally powered, chain-driven, single-barrel weapon which may be fired in semi-automatic, burst, or automatic modes. It is fed by a metallic link belt and has dual-feed capability. The term "chain gun" derives from the use of a roller chain that drives the bolt back and forth. The gun can destroy lightly armored vehicles and aerial targets (such as helicopters and slow-flying aircraft). It can also suppress enemy positions such as exposed troops, dug-in positions, and occupied built-up areas. The standard rate of fire is 200 rounds per minute. The weapon has an effective range of 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), depending on the type of ammunition used. With over 10,000 units sold worldwide, it is one of the most successful modern autocannons. - History: The Bushmaster project started as an offshoot of the US Army's MICV-65program that was attempting to introduce a new infantry fighting vehicle to replace their existing M113s. Part of this program called for a new scout vehicle to replace the M114, a parallel development taking place under the XM800 Armored Reconnaissance Scout Vehicle. Both the XM800 and the cavalry version of the XM701 MICV vehicles were armed with the M139, a US-built version of the Hispano-Suiza HS.820 20 mm autocannon. During the testing phase, the Army eventually rejected the XM701 and started work on a newer design known as the XM723. Soon after theXM800 was also rejected. This led to the combination of the two programs, moving the scout role to the cavalry version of the XM723. At the same time, the M139 proved to be disappointing and a contract for a new weapon to replace it started as a competitive development in 1972 simultaneously at Ford Aeronutronic Division (self-powered weapon) and Hughes Helicopters Ordnance Division (externally-powered,) under the Summa Corporation as the Vehicle Rapid-Fire Weapons System-Successor, or VRFWS-S.This was essentially a power-driven gun firing similar 20mm ammunition as the HS.820, the power-driven mechanism would ensure operation even in the case of a misfire. Progress on the VRFWS-S was slow, and eventually resulted in a switch to a much more powerful 25 mm round. Similar delays in theMICV program meant the ultimate vehicles descending from their efforts, the M2/M3 Bradley Fighting Vehicle, did not enter production until 1981, by which point the Bushmaster had matured. Since 1990, there have been several enhancements made upon the weapon, resulting in the Enhanced 25 mm gun. To date, more than 10,500 weapons are in service. One of the major reasons for this popularity is the extremely reliable nature of the weapon. It has a rating of 22,000 mean rounds between failure (MRBF), much higher than many comparable devices. XM701 MICV Project XM800T ARSV at Fort Knox M2 Bradley Fighting Vehicle M3A1 Bradley Cavalry Fighting Vehicle XM721 MICV Project Hispano-Suiza HS.820 Autocannon - Description: Unlike most automatic firearms, the M242 does not depend on gas or recoil to actuate its firing system. Instead, it uses a 1 hp (0.75 kW) DCmotor, positioned in the receiver to drive the chain and dual-feed system. This system uses sprockets and extractor grooves to feed, load, fire, extract, and eject rounds. A system of clutches provides for an alternate sprocket to engage and thus allows the gunner to switch between armor-piercing and high-explosive rounds. The weapon assembly consists of three parts: the barrel assembly, the feeder assembly, and the receiver assembly. The three-part structure makes it possible for a two-person team to install or remove the system (under ideal conditions) despite its considerable total weight. The M242 weapon system has both electrical and manual fire control and can be operated electrically or manually. In doing so, the gunner can choose from three rates of fire: (1) Single Shot Semi-Automatic, in which the gunner can shoot as fast as the trigger can be operated, limited only by the electrical drive speed (it cannot be fired faster than High rate). (2) Low Rate Fully Automatic, in which the weapon fires 100 rounds a minute, plus or minus 25 rounds. (3) High Rate Fully Automatic, in which the weapon fires 200 rounds a minute, plus or minus 25 rounds. - Ammunition: A wide range of ammunition has been developed for this weapon, providing it with the capability to defeat the majority of armored vehicles it is likely to encounter, up to and including some light tanks. The ammunition used in the M242 may also be used in avariety of weapons such as the GAU-12 Equalizer, the French Giat M811, or the Swiss Oerlikon KBA weapon system. It has the capability to fire U.S. manufactured ammunition as well as the NATO equivalents thereof. Primarily though, it fires six types of rounds: - M791 Armour-piercing discarding sabot with Tracer ( M791 APDS-T ) 5.7 million rounds produced The APDS-T penetrates lightly armored vehicles, self-propelled artillery, and aerial targets such as helicopters and various slow-moving, fixed-wing aircraft. - M792 High Explosive Incendiary with Tracer and Self Destruct ( M792 HEI-T-SD ) 5.5 million rounds produced The HEI-T can destroy unarmored vehicles and helicopters and suppress antitank missile positions and enemy squads out to a maximum effective range of 2,200 meters. - M793 Target Practice with Tracer ( M793 TP-T ) 11.5 million rounds produced The TP-T cartridge is a fixed-type, percussion-primed training round that matches the High Explosive Incendiary with Tracer (HEI-T M792) round ballistically. The TP-T's tracer is visible out to 2,000 meters, however, the round has a maximum effective range (accuracy-limited) of 1,600 meters. - M910 Target Practice Discarding Sabot with Tracer ( M910 TPDS-T ) The TPDS-T replicates the flight pattern of the M791 Armor Piercing Discarding Sabot with Tracer (APDS-T) round. The TPDS-Tallows units to realistically practice sabot engagements. - MK210 High Explosive Incendiary with Tracer ( MK210 HEI-T ) 228,000 rounds produced Used by the U. S. Navy in their Mk. 38 naval weapon system. - M919 Armor-Piercing, Fin-Stabilized Discarding Sabot With Tracer ( M919 APFSDS-T ) The APFSDS-T round penetrates light armored vehicles, self-propelled artillery, and aerial targets, which includes helicopters and slow-moving fixed-wing aircraft. The dart is made of depleted uranium. - Variants: The M242 is currently in use by the United States Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard, the New Zealand Army, Royal New Zealand Navy, the Norwegian Army, the Spanish Army, the Swiss Army, the Canadian Army, the Australian Army and the Royal Australian Navy, the Israeli Navy, Philippine Navy, the Singapore Army and Republic of Singapore Navy as well as several others. Thewide usage results in several variations and modifications on the standard M242 weapon system. *Ground Vehicles: The M242 is standard equipment on the U. S. Army M2 and M3 Bradley fighting vehicles, it is also in use on the LAV-25. Before the project was cancelled, the Bushmaster II 30 mm chain gun (a successor to the M242) was used on the Marine Corps'Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV). The M242 is also a popular choice of primary armament for armoured fighting vehicles manufactured around the world, such asSingapore's Bionix AFVs and as the Rafael OWS-25 mounted on upgraded M113A2 Ultra IFVs. USMC Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle Project Singapore Bionix AFV Singapore M113A2 Ultra IFV *Enhanced 25 mm Gun: Work on an upgraded weapon began in 1990. In doing so, all three major systems and seven minor systems were improved. The modifications began with introducing a chrome-lined barrel, an enhanced feeder, and an enhanced receiver. The weapon systems also received minor upgrades such as quick-detachable link covers, a larger breech assembly, a high efficiency muzzle brake, longer recoil, an integral round counter, an extended life firing pin and spring, and a triple-spring drive clutch. It was first put to use on theM2A3 Bradley, the fourth version of the M2 Bradley Fighting Vehicle. <- M2A3 Bradley *Naval: In 1977, the U. S. Navy realized that it needed a replacement for the Oerlikon 20mm Mk. 16 series of guns. In 1986, this requirement was satisfied with the introduction of the Mk. 38 Mod 0 weapons system. A derivative of the M242 system, the Mk. 38 consists of the M242 chain gun and the Mk. 88 Mod 0 machine gun mount. It provides ships with defensive and offensive gunfire capability for the engagement of a variety of surface targets. Designed primarily as a close-range defensive measure, it provides protection against patrol boats, floating mines, and various shore-based targets. <- Mk. 38 Mod 0 25mm Naval Cannon *Mk. 38 Mod 2: Recently, several US Navy platforms have been outfitted with a newer version, the Typhoon Weapon System designated Mk. 38 Mod 2, which is remotely operated and includes an Electronic Optical Sight, Laser Range-Finder, FLIR, and a more reliable feeding system, enhancing the weapon systems capabilities and accuracy. In 2006 the Sri Lanka Navy added the M242 to its fleet of Fast Attack Craft. The system is also in use by the Republic of Singapore Navy's Formidable-class frigate and Endurance-class landing platform dock ship and were deployed as part of coalition forces' port security efforts in Iraq as well as anti-piracy roles in the Gulf of Aden. Aside from that, the Singapore Police Coast Guard's New Coastal Patrol Craft (NCPC) has adopted the system as its main armament. BAE and Boeing teamed together after a March 2011 contract to add a directed energy weapon to the Mk. 38 Mod 2 gun mount, known as the Mk. 38 Mod 2 tactical laser system. The TLS combines a Boeing-designed solid-state laser with the existing BAE-manufactured Mk. 38 mount to deliver high-precision accuracy against fast surface and air threats including speed boats and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Laser power levels can be adjusted depending on the target and mission objectives. Originally, the system was armed with a 10 kW laser, but in April 2017 BAE announced they had increased power to 60 kW. <- Mk. 38 Mod 2 25mm Naval Cannon *Mk 38 Mod 3: In April 2012, BAE unveiled the Mk. 38 Mod 3 version of the system mount, developed in collaboration with Rafael. It is visually distinctive from previous versions with its stealthy housing, which also protects the gun from weather and allows for easier access to internal components through large access panels. The Mod 3 mounts a larger Alliant Techsystems Mk. 44 Bushmaster II 30 mm cannon for a 500-meter range increase, as well as a coaxial M2 .50 caliber machine gun. Elevation is increased to +75 degrees for engaging UAVs and helicopters, and ammunition storage is greater at 420 30 mm rounds. Other features include a larger manual fire control panel, an offset mode specifically for firing warning shots, and a surveillance mode where the gun can be pointed away from a target but the EO sensor remains pointed in the target direction. Although it has a high degree of commonality and has the same footprint as previous models, the Mod 3 is 20 percent heavier due to greater ammo load. - Operators ( Real Life and PR:BF2 inspired Australia - ASLAV-25 Canada - Coyote reconnaissance vehicle - LAV III APC Malaysia - ACV-300 IFV New Zealand - NZLAV Philippines - GKN Simba AIFV - M113 APC Singapore - Bionix 25 - M113A2 Ultra IFV Spain - Army: VEC-M1 United States - Army: M2/M3 Bradley - Marine Corps: LAV-25 - Specifications: Type Chain gun Place of origin United States Service history In service 1972–present Used by See operators Production history Designer McDonnell Douglas Manufacturer Alliant Techsystems No. built 10,500+ Specifications Weight 119 kilograms (262 lb) Length 2,527 mm (99.5 in)[1] Barrel length • Overall: 2,672 mm(105.2 in) • Bore: 2,175 mm (85.6 in) Width 318 mm (12.5 in) Height 373 mm (14.7 in) Shell 25×137 mm Caliber 25 millimetres (0.98 in) caliber Barrels Single barrel (progressive RH parabolic twist) Rate of fire • Cyclic: 200rpm with 1hp or 500rpm with 8hp Muzzle velocity 1,100 metres per second(3,600 ft/s) Effective firing range 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) Maximum firing range 6,800 metres (22,300 ft) Sources: wikipedia, tank-enyclopedia, military-today.com and many other sources Thanks for reading! Hope this helps people who don't really much familiar or understand military, especially those who played PR lately Feel free to give some comments and impressions below-! - Inch
  8. NOTE: This is based on my previous post in Militaria section Q: What is this all about? A: A Soviet-made KPV Heavy Machine Gun-! Q: Is it included/available in PR:BF2? A: YES! In BTR APC series, BRDM-2 and anti-air quad guns (ZPU/ZPTU series) The KPV-14.5 heavy machine gun (KPV is an initialism for Krupnokaliberniy Pulemyot Vladimirova*, in Russian as Крупнокалиберный Пулемёт Владимирова, or КПВ) is a Soviet designed 14.5×114mm-caliber heavy machine gun, which first entered service as an infantry weapon (designated PKP) in 1949. In the 1960s, the infantry version was taken out of production because it was too big and heavy. It was later redesigned for anti-aircraft use, because it showed excellent results as an AA gun, with a range of 3,000 meters horizontally and 2,000 meters vertically against low flying planes. It was used in the ZPU series of anti-aircraft guns. Its size and power also made it a useful light anti-armour weapon on the BTR series of vehicles and the BRDM-2 scout car. *Literally means Vladimir Heavy Machine Gun Now let's go to the main gun topic, KPVT-! The version for use in armoured vehicles is called the KPVT (tankoviy, 'tank'). KPVT is used for armoured vehicle installations, boats, movable and stationary mounts and various anti-aircraft mounts. It features a shorter receiver and a heavier barrel jacket. TheKPVT also uses a 50-round belt instead of the original 40-round belt. KPVT's are the primary armament of the wheeled BTR-60PB/70/80 series armoured personnel carriers* and BRDM-2 armoured reconnaissance vehicles*. It is intended for fighting against light armoured targets, weapons systems and light shelters at the distances of up to 3000 m, as well as air targets at distances up to 2000 m. The distance at which the bullet retains lethal force is 8 km. The maximum flight range of the bullets is 9 km. *Which uses BPU-1 Turret, conical-type turret along with PKT 7.62mm Coaxial General-Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) - Mechanics of KPV Heavy Machine Gun: The development of the machine gun began in 1944. The 14.5×114mm M41 cartridge can be used with High Explosive Incendiary - Tracer (HEI-T) or Armour-Piercing Incendiary (API) bullets, and they have approximately twice the energy of a 12.7 mm (.50 BMG) projectile. The KPV is air-cooled and fitted with barrel with a hard chrome plated bore. It uses a short recoil operation system with gas assistance and a rotary bolt. It can be fed with the 40-round metallic belt from either the left or right side. The barrel can be removed by turning the prominent latch on the forward end of the receiver and pulling on the barrel's carrying handle. - Versions of KPV Heavy Machine Gun: The ZPU** is a towed anti-aircraft gun based on the KPV. It entered service with the Soviet Union in 1949 and is used by over 50 countries worldwide. *Quadruple- (ZPU-4), Double- (ZPU-2) and single-barreled (ZPU-1) versions of the weapon exist. *BTR-40A SPAAG - A BTR-40 APC with a ZPU-2 gun mounted in the rear. Entered service in 1950. *BTR-152A SPAAG - A BTR-152 with a ZPU-2 mounted in the rear. Entered service in 1952. **History of ZPU right here: 1. Precursors: The first dedicated Soviet mount for anti-aircraft machine guns was developed around 1928 by Fedor Tokarev and was adopted for service in 1931. It was a base for mounting up to four 7.62 mm PM M1910 (Russian Maxim) guns. This was also called a ZPU, although the name М-4 was also assigned to it. It served the Soviet armed forces in all major conflicts until 1945. 2. Description: Development of the ZPU-2 and ZPU-4 began in 1945, with development of the ZPU-1 starting in 1947. All three were accepted into service in 1949. Improved optical predicting gunsights were developed for the system in the 1950s. All weapons in the ZPU series have air-cooled quick-change barrels and can fire a variety of ammunition including API (B32), API (BS41), API-T (BZT) and I-T (ZP) projectiles. Each barrel has a maximum rate of fire of around 600 rounds per minute, though this is practically limited to about 150 rounds per minute. The quad-barrel ZPU-4 uses a four-wheel carriage similar to that once used by the obsolete 25 mm automatic anti-aircraft gun M1940. In firing position, the weapon is lowered onto firing jacks. It can be brought in and out of action in about 15 to 20 seconds, and can be fired with the wheels in the traveling position if needed. The double-barrel ZPU-2 was built in two different versions; the early model has large mud guards and two wheels that are removed in the firing position, and the late model has wheels that fold and are raised from the ground in the firing position. ZPU-2 turned out to be too heavy for the Airborne Troops, so a new UZPU-2 (later redesignated as ZU-2) was developed from ZPU-1. The single-barrel ZPU-1 is carried on a two-wheeled carriage and can be broken down into several 80-kilogram pieces for transport over rough ground. Versions of the weapon are built in China, North Korea and Romania. 3. History: The series was used during the Korean War by Chinese and North Korean forces, and was later considered to be the most dangerous opposition to U.S. helicopters in Vietnam. Later it was used by Morocco and the Polisario Front in the Western Sahara War. It was also used by Iraqi forcesduring Operation Desert Storm and again in Operation Iraqi Freedom. In 1974 the Cyprus National Guard artillery batteries used their ZPU-2's against the Turkish air force. In the Russian military, it was replaced by the newer and more powerful ZU-23 23 mm twin automatic anti-aircraft gun. The type has seen widespread use by all sides in the 2011 Libyan civil war and Syrian Civil War often mounted on pickup-truck technicals with plenty of videos showing the gun engaging different targets. The Lebanese Army has mounted the ZPU-2 and ZPU-4 on M113 armored personnel carriers to create armored self-propelled AA vehicles. Literally means Zenitnaya Ustanovka/ZU or Zenitnaya Samokhodnaya Ustanovka/ZSU years later (if you familiar with the assets name, in-game) - Specifications of KPV Heavy Machine Gun: Weight: 49 kg (108.03 lb) Length: 1,980 mm (78.0 in) Barrel length: 1,346 mm (53.0 in) Width: 162mm Height: 225mm Cartridge: 14.5×114 mm Caliber: 14.5 mm Action: Short recoil operation Rate of fire: 600 rpm Muzzle velocity: 1,005 m/s (3,297 ft/s) Effective firing range: 3000m Maximum firing range: 4000m Feed system: 40-round belt Thanks for reading, hope that helps people that unfamiliar with the guns in-game (Project Reality). Please leave any comments below on this thread-! Sources: Wikipedia, tank-encyclopedia and many other sources.. Regards, InchPincherToo
  9. TEDF

    Random PR moments

    Just some random PR moments from the deployment lands...
  10. TEDF

    Project Reality update has been announced Highlights : 3 new maps (Adak, Icebound & Hiberna). Last 2 are seasonal maps that will be removed early next year Different factions on same map depending on the layer BMP3 Finally got the Thermals back. https://www.realitymod.com/forum/showthread.php?p=2208264#post2208264 Edit : Update scheduled to be released tomorrow!
  11. Just updated this, I've been using it for a few years & i thought not much of it, until steam login was added to the launcher a while back, figured i might save you a few lazy minutes... It's especially helpful if you tend to debug scripts/maps a lot, which involves a lot of CTD's. Sorry for my brevity, i just wanted to make it's purpose & usage as clear as reasonably possible. Source Included Uses Acc for UI Automation [Disclaimer] This launcher is no shape or form affiliated with the project reality team. It was written by a lazy fk who wanted shortcuts for profiles, and i used to have quiet a few & PRLauncher didn't let me make one, so i made one, and added a few bells & whistles. This was written for personal use, and hence lacks a UI which i deemed was an unnecessary addition prior to posting this as well, as you need only exercise some of that well hidden common sense that we all know is all too common, to use it. All feedback & suggestions are welcome. [Features] [Known Issues] [Security] [Usage] [To Compile Source] Source will additionally self compile if run directly & instruct you to use the executable it creates, this might trigger av false positive as compilation creates a intermediate binary file in temp directory. Download and Install AutoHotKey, then right click on 'PRAutoLauncher.ahk' and 'Compile', you may use the executable created in the same directory in place of the one provided on this post, so long as you use a compiled script regardless. [Note To Moderator] Attached Executable Is an non-obfuscated & non-compressed AutoHotKey executable with plain text source of compiled script within, 'PRAutoLauncher.exe\.rsrc\RCDATA\>AUTOHOTKEY SCRIPT<', as is the case with all compiled AutoHotKey scripts, accessible through any archive manager, validate source in executable is identical to source in provided source file... It's compiled as some functionality necessitated it, particularly instantiation, which was prone to malfunction when run as a script which meant it, itself was passed as a param to AutoHotKey.exe, which caused unpredictable behaviour. @=VG= SemlerPDX *Feel free to remove compiled attachment, at your discretion, I'll follow your lead* File: PRAutoLauncher.exe CRC-32: 81a286d2 MD4: 07e1ef063b31fd3b0a1246ffc31355b7 MD5: 47905ab9a355b49ee74c9e5cc84f9a1b SHA-1: 96079d3b1226a7bd0659fe127718171096073740 [EDIT] Added Checksum Added Source Only Download, Figured A Choice Was Better, If you are sensible download source & compile yourself, otherwise you may use compiled one. Made source self compile if executed directly, provided AutoHotKey is already installed per instructions PRAutoLauncher [compiled].7z PRAutoLauncher [source only].7z
  12. Hello fellas, it's longtime ago i posted something about the insurgency gamemode for prbf2 Project Reality, my favorite game for more then 10 years. I'll took a long break from prbf2 modding due to major reallife things that had more priority and i was also waiting for the new prbf2 patch But now i'm back ... ... and doing my own thing to get coop insurgency working. Veterans-Gaming sponsored me the Veterans-Gaming DEV - Coop v1.6 testserver for further coop insurgency Projects. The server run stable with a modified version of original gaza (gaza_insurgency) and is password secured due to license politics. The other maps i already prepared need to be re-done because some maps got new navmeshes like fallujah and instead of reworking it i decided to scrap everything and starting from scratch. I kept gaza's gpo simple due to new known problems with the new 1.6 update. So, if anybody here is interrested to play and to test it, here the download: https://www.dropbox.com/s/oxvumti5d263azj/basrah_insurgency.zip?dl=0 https://www.dropbox.com/s/wxq4nragsxla6kw/gaza_insurgency.zip?dl=0 Serverpassword is : vg989 Enjoy and have fun
  13. Project Reality Event Week II 31.10.2020 2000 PRT Download : Click Here! Password : spooky Install instructions : 1. Download event2.rar 2. Unpack event2.rar 3. copy/cut & paste the 3 folders (c20_2a, c20_2b & c20_2c) to your PR levels folder (default - C:Program Files (x86)/Project Reality/Project Reality BF2/Mods/pr/Levels. *4. If you participated in map testing, delete the 3 folders from your levels folder before installing the maps. Do not overwrite. *5. In order for the maps to be loaded, restart your PR if you installed them while program was running. 6. If you have any issues or find a game breaking bug on the maps, don't hesitate to let me know. Second part of the campaign. Maps will be uploaded by sunday evening europe time. It is highly recommended to have a commander for the third map of this event to coordinate defensive efforts. 1. Situation After a successful invasion, coalition forces have made good progress pushing deeper into Iran meeting minor resistance. Recon indicates that Iran forces are massing near cities of Bam, Jiroft & Forg. Also a heavy tank and mechanized companies have been reported moving rapidly towards Bazman Oil Fields. 2. Missions : 2.1. Mission 4 : Clean Sweep German KSK unit is tasked to clear out Iranian forces and neutralize their AA emplacements on the island of Qeshm. Expect heavy enemy reinforcements from the airbase. Assets : 6 x RHIB 3 x Jeep 2 x Fuchs 2 x Troop transport 1 x Logistics 1 x Puma APC (15 minute delay) 1 x Puma IFV (15 minute delay) 2.2. Mission 5 : Assault on Khash (Karkand redux by Rabbit) Polish GROM is tasked to capture Iranian city of Khash. Assets : 3 x HMMWV 3 x Honker 2 x Troop Transport 1 x Logistics 2.3. Mission 6 : Bazman Oil Fields. French Commandos Marine is sent ahead of the main force to capture the Bazman Oil Fields before Iranian forces arrive. Their task is to hold the oil fields until main french force arrives and then counterattack the Iranian forces. Intel suggests large enemy assault force will arrive within 10-15 minutes consitsing of heavy armour, long range artillery and air support. Note : None of the initial french assets will respawn. Take good care of them as they are the only support assets you get until the main force arrives to back you up. Initial respawn points will be removed once the enemy assault begins. From there on your only respawns will be from the FOBs, Rally points and 3 rally points on the first flag that will disappear when enemies get close. Resupplying is only possible from supply and ammo crates. Rifleman kits DO NOT have any ammo bags !!! The blue line on the map shows suggested defensive line. Enemy will recieve additional reinforcements when they capture the oilfields, marked with ! on the map. Assets : 4 x VAB (No respawn) 2 x Troop Transport (No respawn) 1 x Logistics (No respawn) 3 x Leclerc (French main force) 4 x VBCI (French main force) 6 x VAB (French main force) 2 x Logistics (French main Force) 1 x Tigre CAS (French main Force) US f-16 CAS support (Main Force) 3. Rules 3.1. Standard VG server rules
  14. Project Reality Event Week I 24.10.2020 1900 PRT Download : Click Here ! Password : potato Install instructions : 1. Download event1.rar 2. Unpack event1.rar 3. copy/cut & paste the 3 folders (c20_1p, c20_1a & c20_1b) to your PR levels folder (default - C:Program Files (x86)/Project Reality/Project Reality BF2/Mods/pr/Levels. *4. If you participated in map testing, delete the 3 folders from your levels folder before installing the maps. Do not overwrite. *5. In order for the maps to be loaded, restart your PR if you installed them while program was running. 6. If you have any issues or find a game breaking bug on the maps, don't hesitate to let me know. Howdy folks, It's time again for some PR events. For the following next 4 saturday evenings (starting from 24th of October), we will be doing a short campaign style chain of events consiting of 3-4 maps per evening. The event is open for everyone with the limit of 20-25 player slots available. In order to join, players will have to download and install the maps that will be uploaded a week prior to the event, right after the previous event has ended. Password for the server will be given at least 30 minutes before event begins. If there's an update that breaks some of the maps or server won't be updated in time, the event will be moved to the following saturday. The following campaing will have players take a role of 3 SF units (Commandos Marine / GROM / KSK) during the invasion of Iran. If anyone has interest in leading the team, feel free to apply down below. As it's 2020 I'm forced to make sure that is't clear - all person names used in the campaign are fictional and are not in any way meant to be offensive. Some of the locations used in the campaign may be fictional or not located on the campaign map where they would be in reality. Campaign takes place in a fictional reality where current realistic political stuff doesn't apply. (sigh) 1. Situation Military coup in Iran by Mohhamed Al Bajuri. Fearing the high risk of nuclear material ending in the hands of islamic terrorist groups, a coalition taskforce, consisting of troops from France, Germany, Poland, United Kingdom and United States, is deployed to Gulf of Oman and preperations are finished for the immediate invasion of Iran. 2. Missions : 2.1. Mission 1 : Prologue (map "Oil Platform" by SPFreak / ShaneJohn) German KSK unit is sent to seize control of Iranian Oil Platform in the Gulf of Oman Assets : 6 x RHIB 2.2. Mission 2 : Invasion of Ramin Polish GROM unit is sent to capture Iranian military outpost near the city of Ramin. Assets : 5 x RHIB 2 x BWP1 2 x Rosomak 1 x Logistics Truck 3 x Honker 2.3. Mission 3 : Invasion of Tang French Commandos Marine are sent to capture port town of Tang. Their first task is to establish a beachhead and capture the outpost north of the town in order for the heavy equipment to be available. Recon overflight shows that town is garrisoned by a militia force loyal to Mohammed Al Bajuri. Expect heavy enemy reinforcements from the South East. Intel suggests that enemies have radio beacons installed at the objective markers. The faster you capture them, the less enemy reinforcements you'll have to deal with. Assets : 5 x RHIB 3 x VAB 1 x panther 1 x Tigre CAS (30 minute delayed) 1 x VBCI (10 minute delayed) 2 x VAB (5 minute delay - outpost) 2 x AMX-10RC (20 minute delay - outpost) 1 x Leclerc (30 minute delay - outpost) 1 x Logistics truck (outpost) 2 x Support truck (outpost) French naval fire support (10 minute interval) 3. Rules : 3.1. Standard Veterans-Gaming server rules. 3.2. More stuff, too tired to think. Will be added.
  15. VIP Rescue 23.11.2019 1800 PRT Server PW : vip (Hostage takers (2) : If you are interested in playing as hostage taker, send me a PM on the VG site.) 1. =VG= Vanillapop 2. FinWeirdo VIP : 1. =VG= Ciro It's been a while, but but it's time for a new round of COOP events. With the 1.6 just around the corner, it's logistically not practical to do any huge events due to the sheer amount of changes the update brings, but we can still do some of the smaller scale ones, so here we go. VIP Rescue event : Objective : Basically your regular COOP match with a little twist in the victory conditions - Instead of capping all enemy flags or reducing their tickets to 0, to win, BLUEFOR has to locate and rescue the VIP before time runs out. To achieve this goal, BLUEFOR has to first gain intel by attacking enemy forces. Intel system is pretty simple : 1. Every captured flag gives BLUEFOR 10 intel points. 2. 35 kills gives Bluefor 5 intel points 3. Every lost flag reduces intel points by 15. (Minimum amount of possible intel points is capped at 0) 4. To recieve a hint about VIP location, BLUEFOR has to gather 20 intel points. 20 Intel points are reduced after each hint. VIP is guarded by 2 "hostage takers" (human players) who will have 10 minutes at the beginning of the round to transport the VIP to a location of their choice. From there, it's up to them to relocate the VIP or to fortify the current location. (Rules for Hostage Takers : 1. You are only allowed to use unarmed civilian transport vehicles. 2. You are not allowed to use any kind of AT weaponry 3. You are only allowed to use victim detonated IEDs / Claymores. 4. You are not allowed to excecute the VIP until the time has run out 5. If both hostage takers are killed during the firefight, they are not allowed to return to the fight 5.1 if only one of the hostage takers is killed and other manages to escape with the VIP, the killed player is allowed to regroup with the other hostage taker.) Hostage takers are allowed to use civilian vehicles to move around the map and BLUEFOR is allowed to open fire on the vehicle. If the vehicle is destroyed with the VIP inside it or VIP dies during the shooting, BLUEFOR loses. Hostage takers are required to stop and exit the vehicle when it has sustained enough damage that light engine smoke is present. Once the VIP is secured, BLUEFOR has to designate a transport vehicle which will be used for VIP transport and bring it to the VIP. If that vehicles is destroyed during the VIP transport, VIP dies and BLUEFOR loses. WIN / LOSS Conditions for BLUEFOR : 1. BLUEFOR wins when the VIP is safely transported back to the main base. 2. BLUEFOR loses when the VIP is killed. 2.1. If VIP is killed within 30 minutes of the round start, the mission is replayed. If more than 30 minutes has passed, BLUEFOR loses. 2.2. If VIP is killed by a griefer / intentionally, the VIP will respawn and return to the area. WIN / LOSS Conditions for OPFOR : 1. OPFOR wins when BLUEFOR is unable to locate and rescue the VIP within given time limit. 2. OPFOR loses when VIP is returned to the BLUEFOR main base. Additional info : 1. All heavy, medium and air assets are disabled for BLUEFOR. All heavy assets (Tanks, APCs with autocannons) are disabled for OPFOR 2. Engineer kits are disabled to avoid VIP getting killed by a random mine 3. All changes will be server side, so no download is needed. 4. All flags will be active at the same time. Event rules : 1. BLUEFOR must remain in the main base for the first 10 minutes. 2. Regular =VG= server rules. 3. Commander is not allowed to use the UAV Maps : (Ignore the assets, if theres interest in continuing after these 3, more rounds will be done on different maps) Mission 1 : Sbeneh Outskirts Mission 2 : Op. Marlin Mission 3 : Ramiel
  16. Operation Red Dawn 02.02.2019 1800 PRT Download : Click Here Server Password : event42 Situation : Early 1989 - Soviet Union's leadership, paranoid of imminent NATO invasion, decides to launch a preemptive strike against NATO in Western Europe and the United States. After years of development, Soviet scientists have developed a computer virus that when inserted into radar comm link, will effectively disrupt any radar connected within the system and will make it near useless for hours. Using this to their advantage, Soviet leadership authorises the launch of operation code named "Red Dawn". At 0300 in the morning, several Spetsnaz units are sent into Western Europe to infiltrate key enemy radar bases and to upload the virus into the network... Equipment : Rifles : AK74 / AK74m / AKMS / AKS-74u / Saiga12 MGs : PKM AT : RPG 7 HEAT Rifleman AP has access to RPG 7 w DZGI40 airburst HE-FRAG Medic bags haven't been developed enough for area effect ( Deployment settings, meaning that medic has to treat people one by one) All units have binoculars. Heavy AT, AA, Sniper, Spotter, HMG kits are currently unavailable. All deployable assets except HMGs and Sandbags must be dug. HJ-8 / AA / Razorwire is unavailable. Mission 1 (Original map : Siege at Ochamchira by Irontaxi) assets : 8 x RHIB - 1 minute respawn While the main focus is on attacking the Western European mainland, a Soviet naval battlegroup is sent out to attack British isles & Norway. Under the cover of darkness, Soviet Spetsnaz platoon is sent ahead to infiltrate British naval bases and to upload the virus into UK's radar network so the main invasion force may approach undetected. Weapons are free and we are now at war. The enemy will be unaware of your presence. Mission objectives : 1. Infiltrate British mainland, plant a jammer outside the base to block any enemy radio traffic. 2. Capture the base entrance (Objectives Anna & Boris) 3. Upload the virus into British radar network by capturing two enemy HQ buildings ( Objectives Dmitri & Yelena) 4. Exfiltrate (5.) Supplies are unavailable. Use rally points for additional spawn locations. (6.) To avoid people abusing the boats, off map timer has been reduced. Mission 2 (original map : Borovsko Bridge by [R-CON] Rusty_42) assets : 4 x Tigr (Unarmed) - 5 minute respawn (2 at obj. Anna, 2 at Obj. Gregor) 2 x Tigr (Armed) - 5 minute respawn 1 x Logistics truck - 10 minute respawn The main invasion has begun. Spetsnaz platoon is paradropped to British countryside with the objective to capture and secure vital supply lines. British fusilier company and some scorpion IFVs have been spotted in the area. Mission objectives : 1. Establish a perimeter around the drop zone. You will be dropped from relatively low altitude, so be ready to open your parachute quite early. ( 9 ) 2. Capture objective Anna so we can open up the supply line and send in additional equipment. 3. Capture two villages to the south west. 4. Secure the main road by capturing the objectives along the way 5. Eliminate any British resistance
  17. Greetings! A small late Christmas present for our PR enthusiasts. Starting from late January - early Feburary 2019, Veterans - Gaming will be hosting a Cold War era campaign called "Operation Red Dawn". Campaign takes place in early 1989, where Soviet Union, in response to NATO's increasing military presence and large scale military excercises in Western - Germany, decides to launch a full scale invasion into Western - Europe and The United States. Players will be part of a Spetsnaz platoon that is assigned to perform special tasks throughout the European Theatre. Campaign will be around 5 - 6 "episodes" long with each episode taking place on a Saturday evening. Each episode will consist of 2 main missions and one optional mission which will be played after the first two are completed and there's interest and sufficient pop. Additional information about the Campaign, start date, mission briefings etc. will be announced in January. We wish you all (late) happy Holidays and a Happy New Year.
  18. I've finished myself, a SMG receiver-! More works to come, stay tuned- *A self-made project for making a faction (starts from weapons to heavy assets! ) By the way, this is just a rough-made receiver of Pindad PM2-V1 sub-machine gun (i haven't cleaned up and fixing the details yet) Polygon-Wireframe Wireframe view First-person view wannabe To-do lists: - Skeleton-Folding Stock - Tactical Upper-Rail attachment (w/h Bolt-in Iron Sights) - Trigger Group - Barrels (Breech, Chamber etc.) - Inch
  19. The VG PR COOP Server has been reinstalled from default 1.5 files, and updated to A select few changes were made to the admin.py and coop.py to make the server functional, but we have left many settings default in order to test in the coming week and isolate any "VG" specific changes that may lead to server crashes. Though we have no reason to believe this is happening, we need to begin ruling out factors to zero in on the issue more closely. If something is odd, or seems off, please note it, even though it may be a result of our current settings, we need any input you can offer. Changelog: Complete ChangeLog here: PR ChangeLog (2018/8/9) Hotfix Patch Changenotes: hotfix for issues regarding disabled vehicles staying disabled after respawn
  20. VETERANS-GAMING is Proud to Announce a New System for our Project Reality COOP Server: Huge thanks goes to Xenalite for creating this system - next time the server crashes, and you DON'T have to play Muttrah once again, be sure to give him your thanks!! In the past, we have used systems that forced the server to restart at a certain time once a day to change to one of 4 pre-set maplists that we created. Though this was a great start to relieving the annoyance of playing Muttrah after every crash or restart, it introduced another annoyance in the forced restart itself and never really removed the problem of playing the same map over and over in one day surrounding crashes or restarts. This randomizer will ensure that the VG Project Reality Server map rotation will remain fresh and new after every restart or server crash. Each time the server restarts or crashes, a new maplist will take effect, with the first several maps being chosen from a select few we know to be good seeding maps. VG PR Maplist Randomizer features: Randomizes the map list, with a unique map at the beginning (following a crash or restart). Excludes maps (which we place on a list) that were broken by an update or otherwise undesired on our maplist. Starter maps are random and unique, i.e. No 2 of the same map in first 10 rounds. Round 11 and on are non-starter maps taken from discarded starter maps and all other enabled maps. Remaining maps are random and non-adjacent, i.e. No 2 of the same map back-to-back. If a map is on disabled maps list, it will never appear in the final map list. The odds of playing the same starter map after crash is max 2% when running as designed
  21. COOP Event 30th of June 1800 PRT Server Password : rushb Download : Click Here! Event info : A. Everyone is free to join and no particular signups are required. Only signups are for : 1. COMMANDER : 2. Special Forces (Sbeneh) : SQL : Ranger_12 Medic / 2IC : Rotblut Demolitions : Jersans Operator 1 : Binary (numbers) Operator 2 : Stalinhammer B. Standard PR Server rules apply. C. Assets are claimed on first squad basis. APC squad claims all APCs and SBoxes, Tank squad claims only the tank. Logistics squad claims logistical trucks. Troop transport trucks, BRDM2 support vehicles and jeeps are not claimable (Except tigrs on Sbeneh) Situation : The civil war has been ragin in Syria for years with neither FSA, backed by the USA, nor the Government forces, backed by Russia, being able to deal a decisive blow to one another. The Russian High Command came up with a plan to crush the rebel forces and to give a blow to the US garrison in the Middle East. Russian VDVs are going to attack several US garrisons in the Middle east simultaniously to ensure that the enemy can't reinforce our primary target. Meanwhile, Russian Special Forces are sent to hit US naval garrison in the city of Muttrah prior to the assault on highly strategical town of Sbeneh, under the control of FSA. If the attacks are successful, the US would have no choice but to withraw from the region and without their help, it is doubtful that the FSA would be able to withstand the combined Syrian and Russian forces. 1. Muttrah Assets : 4 x BRDM 2 support ( Deployment zone) 3 x Troop Transport Truck (Deployment zone) 1 x Logistics truck ( Deployment zone) 4 x Tigr jeep (Deployment zone) 4 x MTLB DshK (Deployment zone) 3 x Troop Transport Truck ( Fortress) 1 x Logistics Truck ( Fortress) 3 x Tigr jeep ( Fortress) 2 x MTLB Beast (Fortress) Russian Special forces are sent to Muttrah under the cover of night. Their main goal is to capture the American carrier Essex. Operative on board it will disable it's engines once the attack has begun to ensure that the enemy doesn't escape. The enemy is not aware of your presence in the region. Intel : A British navy cargo ship has been spotted in the region and it's more than likely that they will come to assist their american allies. Intel suggests that they have several attack helicopters and armored vehicles on board. Primary objectives : 1. Secure the castle so we can send in additional reinforcements 2. Clear the city of any opposition 3. Capture the US naval base and it's naval assets. 4. Assault and seize control of the US carrier Essex. 2. Sbeneh Assets : 2 x Tigr jeep ( Special Forces) 1 x T72 2 x BMP2 3 x BTR 60 4 x Troop Transport truck 4 x GAZ jeep 2 x Logistics truck ( FOB) 3 x Troop Transport Truck ( FOB) The Syrian armed forces will launch an attack an hour after the strike on Muttrah has commenced. Their main objective is to clear out the city of any FSA opposition and capture the military bases currently under FSA control. Russian 3rd support battalion has been assigned to provide long range artillery and mortar support. During the attack, Syrian Special forces squad is sent to locate and destroy enemy communication arrays in the city. Primary Objectives : 1. Secure and establish a forward operating base at the rebel held compound so we can bring in our support and supply vehicles. 2. Capture the city and neutralise any FSA opposition in the area 3. Capture the two military bases under FSA control Secondary Objectives : 1. Locate and destroy enemy radar stations and towers. 2. Locate and neutralise the enemy Commanding Officer. 3. Additional objectives will be added during the operation
  22. Project Reality COOP Campaign 2018 Veterans - Gaming and MelonHQ are happy to announce the upcoming Project Reality COOP campaign 2018 that will begin on 3rd of February. The fighting will take place between 5 factions with a goal to control the most territories and resources in the world, with each faction having their strenghts and weaknesses. Before we begin, I'd like to address those who get easily triggered : Yes, the campaign map is mostly hand drawn and therefore the real life borders don't apply. Yes, some countries have been combined together into one sector, Yes Australia belongs in the euro family now. Yes there are over a 100 typos in this post. The entire campaign will be controlled by the Game master and the High Commander. Game Master (TEDF) : Provides the maps and generates automatic battle resolves on non battle active weeks (more info below). High Commander : Leader of the human players faction, Chooses a faction and doctrine/policy/action, if available. Commands his units in the battle, moves units around on the campaign map. Appoints a 2IC in case of absence. Chooses research and divides resources as he sees fit. Humans will be playing and can pick only one faction. Others will be controlled by AI! High Commander signups are open! To apply for team lead, send me (TEDF) a PM on the forums with the following form : 1. Name (duh) : 2. Preferred faction : 3. Few encouraging words for your future followers : Signups close on 26th of January Information : Full information with the boring little details that are not mentioned here will be provided to the High Commander Factions : Eurocorps, MEC, Red Dragons, Russia 1. Eurocorps : (GB, Netherlands, Germany, France, Australia) Poor early game equipment, lacks proper air force and early game armour. Fields low amount of manpower - Divisions have less tickets than other factions and also start with small amount of units. Starts with outdated equipment and vehicles. HQ Location : a. Germany - Armoured and Mech. Units can move 2 slots instead of one. b. UK - Periodically recieve Canadian and australian units. c. France - 50% chance that the african union will ignore the bounty and will go after another faction d. Netherlands - Free deployable defenses on defensive battles. France and Netherlands are immune to naval invasions. 2. MEC : (M.E.C. , FSA, Taliban, Hamas) Very poor equipment and vehicles. Lacks proper air force. Slow research. Disliked by it's neighbours. M.E.C. available only if faction controls turkey, Israel and Iran. Has access to large amount of trash units. Doctrines : a. insurgency : On defensive battles, recieve randomly placed ammocaches that acts as a foward spawn point that can not be overrun. b. Economy : Recieve a huge income bonuses due to oil trade. Makes MEC more prone to be invaded by NORAD. 3. NORAD : (USA, Canada. (AI Controlled)) Superior to other factions in terms of equipment and firepower. Fields wide arsenal of air and armoured units. Branches : a. USAF + US Army - Is able to paradrop inf and light vehicles into occupied enemy territories. Landed units will always start in the middle of the map and must fight their way through enemy defensive lines. Is also able to drop in heavy units once the territory has been secured. b. USMC - Deploys a mighty navy that is able to strike any coastal territory with ease. 4. Red Dragons : (China, Vietnam, North - Korea) Fields large amounts of manpower - each division has more tickets than other factions. Policies : a. The Korea question - Assist North Korea in their struggle against south. takes away half of the Chinese forces for 4 weeks, but deploys mighty North Korean fleet after completion that prevents any future naval invasions to originally controlled chinese territories. Also gains access to the mighty North Korean Air Force and turns Korea into China's puppet (resources). Also grants access to one free rocket techie that carries the name of the great leader. b. Chinese war machine - Chinese armoured units deploy faster and are cheaper than other's faction units. 5. Russia Controls large amount of land, but is prone to attack from all sides and it can take a while to move your units to other fronts. Militia uprisings may cause militia faction units appearing on undefended territories and some of russian units turning over to them. Actions : a. Purge the military - Takes 4 weeks to complete and will result in 50% of the divisions being permanently removed from the game. Cancels out any militia activities in russian controlled sectors. b. For the Motherland - Recieve 75 additional tickets if the army runs out during the battle. Can be used only once per battlecycle Game Mechanics : 1. Division system - Each division has certain amount of assets at their disposal. Inf sections control how many tickets an army has during the battle and vehicle sections control how many vehicles will be available. If a vehicle is destroyed during the battle, it is gone forever. If a mech division loses all of their assets, it will be converted into an INF division. lost units may be resupplied in the HQ. 2. Battle system - Fighting will take place on a weekly basis, with one week being the auto resolve week and second week being the battle one. On auto resolve weeks, commanders are free to move their units around and attack enemy territories, but battle result will be decided by the amount of units, their type and terrain. On battle weeks, commanders are free to move their units around and attack enemy territories. The battles will be resolved in a live action where numbers and technology don't count as much as in auto resolve weeks. If there are more than 2 conflict zones, the command may choose up to 2 on which he wishes his team to fight on. Others will be auto resolved. 3. Research system : Human faction will start with a huge handicap - 0% research, meaning that in order to unlock weapons, scopes, vehicles and deployable assets, Commander has to make a decition on what he wishes to research. Research times vary, depending on the "OP-ness" of it. For example unlocking a scope for assault rifles may take up to 5 days, wheres MBT unlock may take up to 30 days. The research times will be lowered as the campaign progresses. 4. Resource System : Each territory controlled gives the faction resource points. The normal sectors give out 500p by default and HQ sector gives out 1200p by default. Income can be increased by doing research or by capturing enemy sectors. Resources may be used to provide replacements for damaged division or to request new units that can then be combined into new divisions. 5. Bounty System - The sixth unplayable faction, the ARF will act as a pirate faction and will attack the faction that has the highest bounty on. Each faction is able to place a bounty on a rivaling faction once per week and will get a notification if a bounty has been placed on them (not amount). ARF will aim for undefended sectors and will establish a base there that remains for 3 weeks or until it is destroyed. Once the ARF leaves, the terrotiry will become neutral and needs to be recaptured. Border lines do not apply for them and they may strike everywhere. Engaging them in battle will go under normal battle system rules.
  23. Hey guys, I'm still wondering about how is a BRDM (or the AT version, Spandrel) categorized in this =VG= Co-Op Server. Mostly in a map like Beirut (STD), is it supposed to be: - In a proper squad, like IFV or own make own BRDM/Spandrel (armored jeep) squad? (I'm not saying this one is good enough for APC, since it's light armored) - Used by Mech Infantry squad? - Freely used for everyone (both IFV/Mech's)/just leave it alone? From what i saw in recent or old games, BRDM pretty vulnerable and easy to kill with HAT kit (one hit in every side and done), but it's still had to hit more twice with LAT kit (so, what my opinion is, BRDM looks the same (cause in the PR guide says, it's an armored jeep) or equivalent as the Humvee (Up-Armored, only the gun emplacement are different (BRDM has AP/HE rounds, rather than Humvee has Browning 50 Cal/Mk.19)) I'm still looking for the right answer for this, it's just a small problem that needs to be solved.. Btw, what happened to my post in VG Co-Op forum? Did someone deleted it? (Sorry, if it's annoying and long post in this forum) Regards, InchPincherToo
  24. Hello, my name is Alex(23), most of you know me by Risiko94. I frequently play on your COOP Server for Projekt Realiy. I hope i made a good impression so far, a few practical jokes aside. I do my best to help players, especially new ones. Quite often you can see me leading a BEGINNER INF Squad, explaining the game to newbies. Iam happy with the way this server is managed and how the admins react (well, most of the time). Since there are rare occasions where an admin can't be found, iam asking for admin rights to help people in those situations. There is nothing you can do against a teamkiller or even worse, a bugged map (Beirut STD, f.E.) without admin help. I always check the teamspeak, but sometimes i can't find one and i don't want to rip people out of their arma/PR immersion. The following admins probably know me (random order): deathdealer203 H8CrazyVet67 InchPincherToo SoldierOfMisfortune Spartanish =VG= HaterOneActual VODKA Skitalez =VG= Keed Everyone i forgot, my memory is really bad. The following admins know me to a lesser extent: chickenjason123 asquirrel456 I don't want to be part of the Clan, nor do i want any special dutys or rights, aside from voting / changing the map and warning / kicking people. Regardless of your decision regarding my application, thank you for providing (the only) decent PR COOP Server. Alex
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